Migration from Canada to Wisconsin, USA in the 1800's



 July 24, 2015:

Source of text below: Genealogy, History and Irish Immigration, by Joseph A. King. The complete article can be read or downloaded from http://www.jstor.org Article by Joseph A. King - Genealogy, History and Irish Immigration
July 16, 2004: In the 1870's and 1880's, hundreds of families from the Ottawa, Canada area pulled up stakes and moved to the American frontier. Furniture, livestock and family members travelled by train and wagon to northern Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota and North Dakota. The good farm land of the Ottawa Valley was already settled and new generations who wished to farm or work in the lumber camps headed to the area south of Lake Superior. Prior to the Irish famine years, 1846-1854, most of the Irish emigrants who came to Canada (British North America), were persons with some capital who were able to purchase new farmland in the wilderness and most of them stayed in Canada. The second generation of these families, however, facing land shortages here, often moved to the United States. During and after the famine years, immigration to Canada, relative to the United States, decreased as can be seen in the following graph. ... Al Irish Emigration to Canada and the United States As part of a series of field trips related to "Bytown or Bust", I'll be in Duluth Minnesota and Eau Clair, Wisconsin, both popular destinations for nineteenth century pioneers from the Ottawa area. Eau Clair has a campus of the University of Wisconsin which has been a center of frontier history since 1893 when Frederick Jackson Turner wrote The Significance of the Frontier in American History. (see bibliography) The search engine near the top of our main Bytown or Bust web page at www.bytown.net/index.htm (or click here), will locate nineteenth century migrants to the American frontier. Enter the word "Wisconsin" (no quotes) in the search engine. Note: There's a good map of Wisconsin at http://www.wistravel.com/wisconsinstatemap.htm Here's an example of one family who moved to Wisconsin. As usual, the family had internal connections within the Ottawa Valley -- in this case between Osgoode Township and the Gatineau Valley.
Henry O'BRIEN and Margaret CRUIKSHANK
E-Mail from Marcia O'Brien, posted to Gatineau County Genweb: I am looking for any information on Henry O'Brien born in l849 in Venosta, Quebec. We have a notation of a possible brother and sister, Michael and Julia and possible parents may or may not have been Hugh O'BRIEN and Catherine DUGGAN. Henry married Margaret CRUIKSHANK in l884 in Farrellton, Quebec and then moved to Wisconsin. Does this sound familar to anyone? Please e-mail me direct. Marcia O'Brien
Note: This family was related to the O'Brien's in Osgoode Township. David CRUIKSHANK (born c. 1852) and Bridget MALEY (born c. 1841), both non-family members, were living in Osgoode in 1861 with the family of Patrick O'Brien (b. 1834) and Mary Unknown (b. 1836).Patrick and Mary had a daughter, Ann, born in 1852. Log house built in 1838 in Concession 2, Osgoode. ... Al Lewis
Dear Mr. Lewis. Thank you for posting that message for me. We have finally been able to obtain a copy of Henry's death certificate and it turns out his parents names were Michael O'Brien and Mary (last name unknown) both of whom were born in Ireland. Henry's wife Margaret was the daughter of Alexander CRUIKSHANK and Catherine O'Brien. Henry's siblings were Michael and Delia according to his death notice. Marcia O'Brien E-Mail: marcia.obrien@worldnet.att.net
There were several O'Brien families in Osgoode from the 1840's, some of whom may have gone to the Maniwaki, Quebec area with Father Deleage. (There is a village called Deleage, just east of Maniwaki). See also John O'Brien and Annie Hogan


February 11, 2008: The Wisconsin Historical Society

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