The Temperance Movement in the Ottawa, Canada Region in the Mid 19th Century
September 4, 2015:
Noel's thesis (see Source below)is that the successful temperance campaigns of
the 1840s, during which it is estimated that between one-quarter
and one-third of the Upper Canadian population accepted
the teetotal pledge, with something close to that in the Maritimes,
were fueled by the simultaneous growth of evangelicalism
and the formation of a new middle class. Between 1820
and 1867, she finds two distinct stages: an early phase, culminating
around 1850, during which temperance was promoted
and sustained by religious revivalism, and a second, more secular
phase, in which temperance was championed by Victorian
improvers of various stripes as a means of developing a stable
workforce to support their middle-class aspirations. Where the
movement's first stage was lead by Utopian revivalists, the second
saw the accession of "gentlemen" prohibitionists who
drank moderately, and whose main complaint about alcohol
was its corrosive effect on the work ethic. In sum, she argues,
"temperance followed a pattern common to many movements: it
started out small, pure and fiery, and became less so!" (p. 12)
Source: Noel, Janet, Canada Dry: Temperance Crusades Before Confederation, Toronto: University of
Toronto Press, 1995, ISBN 9780802069764310 - pages as reviewed by Sharon Anne Cook, Faculty of Education,
University of Ottawa at http://www.erudit.org/revue/uhr/1997/v25/n2/1016075ar.pdf
September 4, 2015:
Here is a quote from page 9 of Jan Noel's book:
A Branch of the Catholic Total Abstinence Society of Richmond commenced 1 May 1842 by the Reverend Terence Smith,
Parish Priest. The whole of the names below enrolled belong to and attend the Richmond Church (St. Philip's).
The list includes the names of 478 parishioners who signed the pledge here in 1842. I have a list
of all 478 names (not listed here, but I'll do look-ups). The signatories include many of the Roman Catholic
settlers who were granted land when the 99th / 100th Regiment of Foot was disbanded in 1818, some of the
1823 Peter Robinson settlers and some signors of the 1829 McCabe List.
September 15, 2015:
On the other side of the ledger, the sale of alcoholic beverages was a major economic engine engine in Ottawa and the Valleys.
Large quntities of rum were imported from the West Indies and through Montreal to supply local licenced taverns.
The above photograph and text block are from prior to page 3 in Jan Noel's book (as documented above)
January 31, 2019: (post retirement)
Taverns on Main Street, Lanark Village, Ontario, Canada, during the temperance movement.
Source: Lanark Legacy, by Howard Morton Brown, ISBN 0-9690289-2-X, page 207.
As the temperance movement grew in popularity, it became more difficult to buy alcoholic beverages
in the rural areas and privately owned whisky stills became more popular - for example the one at Manotick Station.
("The Pokey Moonshine Settlement").
Where there's a will, there's a way!
Source: The Romance of Fitzroy Harbour by Fred Sadler, page 33, ISBN FC3099.F57S23 1983
Keywords: Quyon, Pontiac County, Fitzroy Township
E-mail Allan Lewis
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