North Plantagenet and South Plantagenet Townships
Prescott County, Ontario, Canada
History and Genealogy
Painting by Ruth McMillan in 1976
Shows the Head of the Rideau Canal Locks in Ottawa, Canada in 1893
September 18, 2015:
The book Language, Schooling and Cultural Conflict: The Origins of the French-Language Controversy
in Ontario by Professor Chad Gaffield, University of Ottawa, McGill-Queens University Press,
1987, ISBN 0-7735-0602-0 provides a good basis for the study of Prescott County in the nineteenth century.
Prescott County includes the townships of North Plantagenet, South Plantagenet, Caledonia,
Alfred, East Hawkesbury and West Hawkesbury. The main feature
of Prescott County is its bicultural nature -- early anglophone settlers starting about 1815, were
joined by a massive immigration of Francophones from Lower Canada / the Province of Quebec, starting
about 1850. By the 1880's, Francophones formed a majority of the population of Prescott County.
This book is a good example of microhistory. Professor Gaffield teaches
a history course on microhistory at the University of Ottawa, (originally St. Joseph's College)
in Lowertown Ottawa.
and here is a good article regarding the history of Prescott County. Starting in the 1850's this
area was settled by a new group of French Canadians who migrated from across the Ottawa River in
"Boom and Bust: The Demography and Economy of the Lower Ottawa Valley in the Nineteenth Century"
by Chad Gaffield. I think I downloaded this file in .pdf format from http://www.erudit.org --
a great web site to find academic papers and theses.
October 25, 2008:
My name is Marcia Kennedy. I am the oldest granddaughter of Cora Watters Johnston [b.1881,
North Plantagenet] of Ottawa and Albert Hugh Nelson Kennedy [b. 1870 or 1871], son of Hugh
Kennedy and Eliza Tomb(s) of Martintown. Cora and Albert were married in 1912 in Winnipeg,
Cora was the daughter of Hugh Johnston (born Prescott County [N Plantagenet?]) [1847-1910]
and Florence Amelia Watters (born Templeton Quebec +/- 1859).
Hugh Johnston was the son of Francis (Robert?) Johnston and Frances (Fanny) Hurst [d.1888
in Pendleton, Ontario].
My sister and I spent the last week roaming around Ottawa and the Martintown area. We have
found quite a bit of info from 1881 1911, mainly in Ottawa, but some from Martintown. But
we are missing quite a lot. We are also trying to separate fact from fiction. Our father,
was born in Medicine Hat Alberta in 1915. We are trying to figure out how Cora and Albert
got there from here.
Any information or leads you may have would be appreciated.
A Johnston family owned a ferry service beginning in the 1800's. This family might be related
to your Johnston family.
They operated it from their farm which was located on the south shore of the Nation River
in South Plantagenet Township. There were several early Johnston families in this area, both
in North Plantagenet and in South Plantagenet.
Nearby villages are Pendleton, Curran and Riceville.
Johnston's Ferry across the Nation River, c. 1920
Photo Source: Fournier, 1867-1992
On the following map, the farm of Hugh Johnston in 1879, is in North Plantagenet in
the north west quadrant of the village of Pendleton.
Map of the Township of North Plantagenet in 1879
Map Source: McGill University Digital Atlas Project
February 26, 2012
The names on the above map (Township of North Plantagenet in 1879) have been transcribed here for your convenience.
Please note: Georgian Lake was later known as Georges Lake
Starting from the East, bordering on the Ottawa River:
Lot 3: E. Hughes (210 acres)
Lot 5: H. Hughes (75 acres)
Lot 6: Charles Flyn (210 acres)
Lot 7: H. Erratt (150 acres)
August 17, 2013:
The town of Treadwell with a post office and two wharves (an early stop for steamships)
Lot 12: F. Hendrie (320 acres)
Lot 13: Archibald MacArthur (225 acres)
Lot 23: B. Duford (including saw and grist mills and a blacksmith shop)
Lot 23: J.M. Lamb (100 acres)
Wendover post office and wharf
Lot 23: X. Perrault (200 acres)
Lot 24: P. St. Pierre (17 acres)
Lot 26: G. Gouliet and a Hotel (95 acres) (Goulet?)
Lot 8: A. Herbert (100 acres)
Lot 9: G. Gauthier (150 acres)
Lot 12: Jos. Brisbais (tenant)
Lot 31: C. Mainville (tenant)
Lot 35: Robert McCormack (310 acres)
Lot 37: Robert McCormack (115 acres) plus a house for Jno. Hunter
Lot 6: L. Charbonneau (100 acres)
Lot 14: P. Caul (100 acres)
Lot 5: Jas. ??
The Town of Plantagenet and "Mill Property" takes up Lotes 6 and 7 on the Concessions 4 and 5
Lot 8: Henry Smith (520 acres)
Lot 9: P.H. Proctor (200 acres)
Lot 6: William Rodden (1300 acres)
Lot 7: Plantagenet Mineral Springs
Lot 9: P.B. Winning (150 acres) plus Carratrats (?) and Mineral Springs
Lot 21: A. W. Anderson (200 acres) plus a saw mill and a store
Lot 5: B. Yeon Sr. (75 acres)
Lot 11: A. Legault (150 acres)
Lot 14: O. Duford (50 acres)
Lot 1: D. McKericher
Lot 3: J. B. Yeon (100 acres)
The town of Curran stradles lots 9 and 10 in Concessions 7 and 8.
Lot 11: Jos. C. Chaltin (50 acres)
Lot 12: Jno. Chaltin (200 acres) and Jos. Lalonde (tenant)
Lot 1: J. Greffe and L. Bissnette (150 acres) (Bissonette?)
Lot 2: J. B. Montpellier (100 acres)
Lot 17: Jno. Brownrigg (100 acres)
Lot 18: John Shane (140 acres)
Lot 21: Hugh Johnston (383 acres)
Nearby, across the border in South Plantagenet, Hugh Johnston has a second farm, as seen
on the following map.
Map of the Township of South Plantagenet in 1879
Map Source: McGill University Digital Atlas Project
February 26, 2012
The names on the above map (Township of South Plantagenet in 1879) have been transcribed here
for your convenience. If any corrections are required, please let us know.
Lot 20: Henry Moffatt
Lot 21: Hugh McLean
Lot 22: Arch McLean
Lot 9: Mrs. S. McGregor (100 acres)
Lot 11: R.W.T. Lendrum (50 acres)
Lot 20: H. Bradley (100 acres)
Lot 24: Hugh Johnston (133 acres)
Lot 1: Deward Sloan (472 acres)
Lot 5: Jas. McGregor (100 acres)
Lot 6: Duncan McGregor (400 acres)
Lot 8: Brick Kiln
Lot 12: Jno. Caldwell (250 acres)
Lot 4: Jno. Hunter
Lot 5: W. J. Reid (100 acres)
Lot 6: H. Franklin & Son (150 acres) plus a store
Lot 8: the Village of Riceville
Lot 9: Peter Mclaren (200 acres)
Jas. Charlton (180 acres)
The town of Fournierville
Lot 6: Geo. W. Cutt (200 acres) (Grace's ancestor)
Lot 9: Geo. Reid (200 acress) (Grace's ancestor)
Lot 13: David Scott (100 acres)
The town of Kerry
January 20, 2009:
I saw your page on N. Plantagenet today, and coincidentally I'd found a death record for
this Matthew Stringer of N. Plantagenet, b. County Wicklow. (Sorry for the line spacing here;
it's taken on a life of its own.)
Feb. 3, 1834
Matthew STRINGER to Grace HUGHES both of Plantagenet. Wit: Thomas Bates, John Hughes.
(date of birth for Grace Hughes may be 1814 - see posting by Gerald Patterson, dated February 26, 2010.)
From the GenForum message board:
"Our tree has a Matthew Stinger marrying Grace Hughes of Arklow, County Wicklow, Ireland.
No birth or death dates but info has them marrying in 1834 in Ontario."
North Plantagenet - Death
23 Feb 1882
b. Co. Wicklow, Ireland
Informant: William Stringer, son
Church of England
William STRINGER M Male Irish 36 Ontario Fermier Weslyan Methodist
Martha STRINGER M Female Irish 29 Ontario Weslyan Methodist
Mathew STRINGER W Male Irish 80 Ireland Weslyan Methodist
William STRINGER Male Irish 7 Ontario Weslyan Methodist
Effa Grace STRINGER Female Irish 4 Ontario Weslyan Methodist
Ann Jane STRINGER Female Irish 2 Ontario Weslyan Methodist
Richard STRINGER1 Female Irish 27 Ontario Journalier Weslyan Methodist
Census Place Plantagenet North, Prescott, Ontario
Family History Library Film 1375864
NA Film Number C-13228
Page Number 33
Household Number 130
Abraham BARRAGAR, 24, Winchester, same, s/o George BARRAGAR & Mary Ann [or is surname Arm?],
married Grace A. STRINGER, 2-, North Plantagenet, same, d/o Mat & Grace, witn: William
STRINGER & Sarah ROWE, both of North Plantagenet, 26 Feb 1863
... Anne Burgess
February 4, 2010:
The Old Hotel in the Village of Plantagenet
Photo Source: Sketch by Michael Flynn appearing in the Ottawa Journal on March 13, 1976, page 37
December 7, 2015:
Thanks to Mark cullen for the following photograph of the Commercial Hotel in Plantagenet.
February 26, 2010:
Came across a posting Anne placed on the Internet back in January 2009 regarding the marriage of Mathew Stringer
to Grace Hughes. There was a question about when Grace was born. I have her DoB as 1814, however, I’m not sure
how accurate that date is. I think I found it in a family tree put together by Earl Johnston in the mid 1960’s.
Hope this is of some help.
April 4, 2010:
The Village of Lemieux was created in the 1850's. Lumber was harvested
in the hinterland and transported down the Nation River to the Ottawa River. The village was moved in
1990, a few years before a landslide wiped out the village.
November 15, 2010:
At Christmas in 2002, I received a calendar wherein each month included a copy of a work by Ottawa
artist Ben Babelowski.
Here is an excerpt from one of his paintings, a fisherman in a canoe on the Nation River in the village of Plantagenet:
August 22, 2013:
The village of Plantagenet was founded by John Chesser and Abner Hagar in 1812:
January 26, 2012:
The area of the village of Pendleton (see map above) is the site one of Eastern Ontario's archaeological finds.
It is called the Lamoureux Site (BiFs-2) and is close to the Muldoon Site (BiFs-1).
Many Aboriginal artifacts have been found there.
February 16, 2012:
The following map shows the old towns and villages from part of Prescott and Russell County. Many of the
small hamlets shown on this map do not appear on today's road map or road signs. Places such as Bradley
Creek, Parker's Corners, etc. are not named today. If your ancestor was in one of these now un-named
villages, this map will show the location.
July 6, 2020: The village of Bourget is named
after Bishop Bourget from Montreal:
Photo Source: Noel, Janet, Canada Dry: Temperance Crusades Before Confederation, Toronto: University of
Toronto Press, 1995, ISBN 9780802069764310
Map Source below: Extracted from the Eastern Ontario map published by Map Art Publishing in the Toronto area.
February 26, 2012
Some of the older settlements which are shown on the map above might not appear on other maps of
the same area:
- Blue Corner Road
- The Rollway
- Jessups Falls
- Happy Hollow
- Rang Horse Creek
- Alfred Bog
- St. Amour
- Franklins Corners
- Parkers Corners
- Johnsons Ferry
- Bradley Creek
- Pine Grove
- Bourget (See photograph of Bishop Bourget of Montreal posted above on July 6, 2020).
- St. Felix
- St. Isidore
- Caledonia Springs
- L'Ange Gardien
April 11, 2012
Cliff Johnston of Texas, USA is researching Robert Johnston (Red Robin) in the Pendleton area.
November 12, 2014:
Ken Morin from Michigan, USA, is researching his John O'Connor and Nancy / Anne McAuley from Ireland to the Centrefield area.
November 20, 2014:
John McCORMICK and Catherine McCANN came from County Antrim, Ireland to Plantagenet, Ontario, Canada
December 2, 2015:
The following e-mail fom Robyn contains a lot of information regarding early setlers in the two Plantagenet
Townships (north and south). Robin has sent along much more information, including some intereting maps
which have been constructed. I'll post the maps in a day or two.
RE: John O'CONNOR and Nancy (Anne) McAULEY
Ireland to Plantagenet Townships, Ontario, Canada
Dear Mr. Morin and Mr. Lewis,
I am a descendant of James Stewart and Margaret McCormick whom emigrated from County Antrim, Ireland
to Prescott County around 1830. They patented and purchased property on Concession 10 Lot 17 near
Pendleton ON. The property was bisected by the Nation River.
COUNTY ANTRIM SETTLERS IN PRESCOTT COUNTY
I have been researching the County Antrim irish settlers that formed a pocket in Prescott County
starting in the late 1820's into the 1850's. These include the names: McAuley, McKinley, Darragh,
McDonald, McPhee, McFall, McCrank, McAuley, McCormick, Stewart among others. The McAuley's were
certainly early settlers in the Centrefield area along with the McKinleys, Darraghs and McDonalds.
They all came from County Antrim, I think from the Glens of Antrim / Ballycastle area.
The names are all of Scottish origin and I suspect they arrived in Ireland
around the 1600 Plantations. The area was planted by The Earl of Antrim who was a McDonnell of
Dunnyveg of The MacDonalds, Lord of the Isles. The settlers came from his own properties in
Argyllshire. I have seen it noted that he planted with his own Catholic kinsmen as he was
Catholic (even though King James was looking for Protestant planters).
Here are some of the families I have been researching:
James Stewart and Margaret McCormick
John Stewart and Margaret McFall
Daniel McCormick and Rose McGill
Alexander McAllister and Catherine McFall
Daniel McAuley and Alice McClare
Alexander Hamilton and Catherine Murray
Hugh McKinley and Margaret Craig
John McCrank and Bridgit Brown
Michael McKinley and Catherine Skelly
Robert McAuley and Margaret Madden
James McFall and Catherine Scullion
Andrew Darragh and Mary Kain
Archibald Darragh and Nancy McKinley
James Darragh and Elizabeth McAuley
Other early families I have not traced are: McBride, McDonnell, McPhee, Beggs, McAllister
A description of this settlement (alternately known as Irish Settlement, McDonald Hill, Darragh
Settlement or Centrefield) can be found in "History of the Counties of Argenteuil, Quebec and
Prescott, Ontario: From Earliest Settlement to the Present (1896)" by Thomas, Cyrus.
(This is a great book and is our bibliography ... Al)
The earliest settlers where the Ryan and Shane families came from County Wexford who arrived
in the early 1820's. They are ubiquitous to the County and there are many family connections
(I'm related to both) as found in the Catherine Adamson volumes.
The Cyrus Thomas book also has a small section on the significance of the lumber industry in
the area. It's my impression that there was significant lumbering on the Nation River as the
farms were being cleared. The men and boys in the winter then went to the shanties in the
Here's a photo of a young Stewart taken in Pembroke. I am assuming it was taken while he was in the area working in the shanties.
The two oldest Stewart sons (Michael & Robert), born in County Antrim and arriving in Canada
at a young age, spent their entire lives in the lumber trade. They patented additional land
north of Fournier -- see a terrific book about the early Fournier families, about 1,000 pages,
out of print -- which I suspect they lumbered and farmed. They then sold the farms. By 1861
The Michael was a Lumber Merchant in Montreal and Robert was a Lumberman, situating his
family in downtown Ottawa. They both appear to have lived quite comfortably from their trade.
The connection to the lumber industry cannot be understated for Michael and Robert. The
sponsors of their children are often lumber business associates. Michael has a close connection
with John Wait MacGauvren, John Tucker, Cornelius MacDonnell (MacGauvren was from Plantagent
area, MacGauvren, Tucker, MacDonnell eventually opened a mill on the Lachine canal), and the
Robert Married Charlotte Casselman who was the daughter of Col. Martinus Casselman who founded the town of Casselman on the Nation River.
I am very interested in any further information I can find on the South nation River lumber industry
as it seems a significant part of the regions (and my families) history.
James (the youngest son and my line of descent) even appears in the Montreal Business directory as
working with his brother. He eventually has to return to the Prescott County to take over his farm
as his parents age.
I also suspect that in O'Connor's, The Man From Glengarry, that the donnybrook in the first chapter
would have been between the Scots at the back of Glengarry County trying to push their logs with
these specific County Antrim settlers. The Scotch River outlets on the Nation right where the
County Antrim settlers lived. (I have a connection to the farms along the Scotch River. By the
time these farms were "logged out", the men went to the shanties in a place called Lost River, due
north of Plantagenet. ... Al)
I am very interested in the Michigan, USA connection as I have early photos in our family album
that I cannot trace. One family in particular is from Saginaw, Michigan. There are three Stewart
sisters that disappear from the Canadian census and I always felt that they may have married and
moved. Here is a copy of the picture in the off-chance someone might recognize as it appears
there was migration between the two regions.
Note: Hundreds of families left this area to work at logging in Michigan: do a search for the
word Michigan by using the dedicated Google search engine at the bottom of this web page ... Al).
E-mail Allan Lewis