Surveys of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Surveys completed 1844-1849

June 24, 2008:

Hi Al:

I'm sending along some information that I discovered listing some of the
surveyors working on the Ottawa river and tributaries between 1844 and 1849.
Names include: Falls, McNaughton, McDermott, Bell, Divine / Devine,
Sinclair, Harper, Hazlett & Elmore. The lot subdivisions of Bytown are also
... Linda Falls

Hi Linda:

Thanks very much for this table of surveyors and surveys between 1844 and 1849.

The following table, which you sent in, shows the major surveying projects completed in the
Ottawa River watershed. After your table come two maps, showing the evolution of the Lot "O"
area in Lowertown at the time. 

Here is your table:

Surveys and Surveyors on the Ottawa River, 1844-1849

It's interesting that the surveys done during this time frame cover the area from Bytown and as far west as Mattawa, Ontario. The Mississippi River joins the Ottawa River at Galetta (Fitzroy Township), the Madawaska goes through Arnprior, the Bonnechere River empties into the Ottawa at Renfrew, the Chalk River flows through the town of Chalk River. Bissett Creek enters the Ottawa River near the village of Stonecliff not far from Driftwood Provincial Park. It supports a population of native speckled trout in it's upper reaches in Algonquin Park. But there I go reminiscing again. See map of the Ottawa River Watershed. The first map, below, is from Professor Bruce Elliott's history of Nepean, The City Beyond. It shows the boundaries of the early survey done by Michael McDermott and the later survey done by Robert Bell. Bell's survey shows the location of the homes of 50 families, including some squatters, some of whom are on the McCabe List of 1829. Samuel Bingham, who had property in this area, was a well-to-do lumber baron. I'll add the fifty names to this page and will make them into clickable links so we can see the movement of these folks to other parts of the region. For example, #12 on the map, William Garrett, after leaving Dalhousie Street, between Bolton and Boteler streets, became a successful farmer in Osgoode Township. He had arrived in Bytown from County Wicklow, Ireland c. 1840. Ottawa, Canada: Letter

June 25, 2008: At the top of the map is New Edinburgh, where the Honourable Thomas McKay's property is shown. Almost all of the families living in Letter "O" became inter-related. See list below for many inter-connections. Most of their marriages and births are recorded in the Drouin Records for Notre Dame Church on Sussex Drive. The Drouin Records are available through . The names on the map are: 1. Joseph Turan (am pretty sure that this is Joseph Turgeon, later mayor of Ottawa) 2. Mrs. Boyle 3. Thomas Lacy / Lacey married to Elizabeth Boyle 4. John Tompkins - possibly married to Elizabeth Traynor 5. Patrick Dooling / Dowling / Dolan - married to Ann Kane / Keane 6. Richard Mulhall 7. Michael Davey or Deevy 8. Robert Kincade 9. John Flynn - married to Mary Kelly or Eliza Heffernan 10. John Kilt - married to Margaret Kehoe / Keough, I think 11. Darby Rony / Roney (married to Ellen McDermott) 12. William Garrett 13. Thomas Kane / Keane 14. William Kane 15. Patrick Reddington (married to Margaret Kane / Keane, later to Osgoode and then to Pontiac County, Quebec (see map)) 16. Martin Corbit / Corbett married to Mary Boyle 17. Thomas Kane 18. John Lee - in 1848, John was the widower of Bridget Boyle 19. M. McCormick 20. John Fitzgerald 21. William Panquet ? 22. Michael Brennan 23. W. Bambrick 24. P. Calahan / Callahan 25. Martin Reynolds (married to Maria Nash) 26. James Frain / Frahan / Frane 27. School House 28. John Smyth (Smith?) 29. John Boyle (married to Ann Cusick) 30. John Dunford and John Donaher 31. Charles Welsh / Walsh 32. William Adams 33. Edward Bambrick 34. John Brunagan / Branagan 35. Michael Cusack / Cusick (married to Ellen Henry) 36. Hugh Kerr 37. Gustavus Clemens (Joseph Clement?) 38. Alex Ramsay 39. Samuel Bingham (lumber baron, later mayor?, married to Sarah Fitzpatrick) 40. James Ogleby -- from County Antrim by 1829, ML# 421 41. P. McLaughlan 42. Mrs. Holiday 43. Michael McLean 44. Patrick Welsh / Walsh 45. James Gorman 46. James Esdale 47. William Hackett (occupation Joiner, married Sarah Ferris) 48. Mrs. Whitehead 49. James O'Brien 50. Austin Joyce (married to Bridget McDonell / Mcdonald) The next document is a map from Professor John Taylor's book Ottawa: An Illustrated History. This map shows the political ward boundaries in the City of Ottawa in 1855. Letter "O" is the area covered by Ottawa Ward. Ottawa, Canada: Ward Boundaries in 1855

The above three documents show the evolution of the northern part of Lowertown in downtown Ottawa during an important decade of our history, 1845-1855. In the late 1840's, thousands of famine Irish arrived and landed along this stretch of the Ottawa River. Most of them later moved on to join earlier Irish settlers in the neighbouring townships. While they were in Lowertown, our local health and welfare infrastructure was built up. Sheds were built along the river to accomodate the new Irish immigrants, some of whom had typhoid fever. Also, Sister Elizabeth Bruyere and the Grey Nuns were established to provide health and educational services. Finally, in 1855, Bytown became the City of Ottawa.
E-mail Linda Falls and Al Lewis

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