Long Island Locks, Chapman's Mills, Dawson's Chapel and Black Rapids
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Arthur Watt's Blacksmith Shop (on the map which is dated 1879) was located at today's Greenbank
and Jockvale Roads - where the Golf Driving Range is today. The Samuel Collins
house is the stone home being restored at the southern entrance to the Chapman's Mills
subdivision near Woodroffe Avenue and Highway 16.
October 20, 2002:
March 27, 2003:
I was doing some investigation on an RC church, St. Andrew, which at one time
existed on Jockvale Road. I came across the Bytown or Bust website and
noticed a map named Long Island Locks, Chapman's Mills and Dawson's Chapel.
Would the location of Dawson's Chapel be close to where St. Andrew was, or
was going to be?
Any info you could forward to me on St. Andrew church would be appreciated.
Thanks for your e-mail.
I'm not sure about St. Andrew's. Dawson's Chapel (that's all I've ever heard it called)
was located at the end of what is todays Woodroffe Avenue, where the Jock River enters
the Rideau River. Before Woodroffe Avenue existed, Jockvale Road terminated at this
location. St. Andrew's is usually associated with Scottish names, and I believe that
the Priest, Father Dawson, was Scottish.
I'd be interested in verifying that Dawson's Chapel was called St. Andrew's.
Before there was a diocese in Ottawa, I think that this area was served by the Kingston
diocese after 1826, and before 1826, was served by missionaries from Montreal.
The Montreal missionaries established churches along the fur trade and timber trade routes,
usually at the junction of two rivers - at Buckingham, Hull, Fitzroy Harbour (or Quyon), and
at Fort Coulonge. I think I read somewhere that the first RC church in Bytown was located in
a house on Bank Street, in Uppertown, from about 1826 to 1828. This church may also have been
called St. Andrew's. In 1832, a wooden church was built where Notre Dame is today, on
Sussex Drive. This church was temporarily called St. James.
I'd like to find out more about Dawson's Chapel. Maybe someone has some information for us.
March 28, 2003:
The City Beyond, by Dr. Bruce Elliott contains information
about Rev. Dawson on page 61-63.
I know when I read the Parish Records of St Patrick, Ottawa City it was
first called St Andrews R.C.. According to register in 1875 it became St. Patrick's,
Ottawa City. This church served the Irish community in Ottawa.
Somewhere I read that Rev Dawson holdings where the chapel was located was to be made
into a park for the people of Nepean.
also posted on March 27, 2003:
Al and Kathy:
Thanks for the info.
The reason I am interested in old St. Andrew's is that effective Dec 1 2002,
a new RC Parish has been started in Barrhaven, and when we were deciding on
the name, our pastor Father Bill Penny, (in 2016, he is the pastor at Our Lady of the Visitation),
mentioned that he knew of someone who
had piece of the original altar (or some other relic) from St. Andrew church
that used to be on Jockvale Road...and that he would donate it to our Parish
if we named the new Parish St. Andrew. For this (and other reasons, of
course), the parishoners chose the name St. Andrew for our new Parish. This
is what got me interested in finding out info about the old St. Andrew. The
person who has a piece of the old altar I believe is Father Tom Riopelle
who is currently at St. Patrick's Fallowfield. I haven't spoken
with him yet, but he may be a source of info.
Surnames: Watt, Houlahan Clarke, Dawson, Brophy Berrigan / Bergin Barrhaven Kilroe
Chapman Collins Powell
The dam at Long Island.
View of the Rideau River from the top of the Long Island dam.
The Samuel Collins House
April 1, 2005:
Thanks to Mike Epp for the following:
The St. Patricks 125th anniversary book does not mention a register.
I don't have time to transcribe the small chapter right now, here are some quick excerpts.
-Father Dawson was born in Red Haven, Banffshire, Scotland in 1810 and ordained in 1835
-His small chapel on the banks of the Jock River was called St. Margaret's of Jockvale
-It was 37' x 21' with a sacristy 11' x 13'
-There were 16 pews with a seating capacity of 80, plus a dozen chairs and two benches
-There were 45 families who had three miles to travel to the church. Five families
from Blacks Rapids, nine from Gloucester and 10 from Manotick (this must have come
from some kind of registry?)
-Father Dawson died on December 29th, 1884 at 85.
-He left the chapel and 30 acres to the diocese. By his will the land was to be
used as a playground and could not be sold
-Father Sloan from St.Patricks - Fallowfield was sent by the Bishop to inspect
and recommended that it be abandoned. It was later sold, with the old chapel being
used to store hay, etc.
It goes on about the distribution of his personal and Chapel belongings, but nothing
of a registry. You would think that with 45 families attending for several decades
that there must have been weddings, etc. (I believe that these records were folded into the Notre Dame Basilica records ... Al)
"The Kennedy Story" has similar information, adding that it was rented before
sold and that Father Dawson is buried at St. Patrick's - Fallowfield.
The 1879 Belden map shows this church.
Let me know what you find out.
March 31, 2008:
Map of the Village of Long Island, Ontario in 1879
Source: McGill University Digital Maps
May 22, 2008:
Source: Sarah B. Craig, Hello Nepean, page 61.
Cornelius Driscoll and his family, along with many of the people living at Long Island,
attended St. Brigid's Church on the Rideau River south of Manotick. They could travel by
boat to church every Sunday. It was a short paddle to the bridge at Manotick where the
"Long Reach" begins. The Long Reach is a path of unobstructed boating from Long Island
south to Burritt's Rapids. There are no waterfalls or locks through this stretch.
May 27, 2008:
The Steamship Wanakewan at Long Island Locks, 1920's
Source: Gloucester Roots, edited and compiled by Lois Kemp
Names for search engine: Michael Egan (captain), Mrs. James Rowat, Mr. and Mrs. Forrest Harris and
Mel Rowat (youngster)
January 25, 2010:
Thanks to Anne Burgess who discovered this nugget in the Ottawa Citizen Archives:
Anthony Cullen saves life of William Boon (Boone?) in 1832 at Long Island
Read the complete article in the Ottawa Citizen of December 23, 1923
Keyword: Thomas McKay
March 25, 2010:
Black Rapids is located about half-way between Hog's Back and Long Island, on the Rideau Canal system. Parks Canada
maintains these lock stations.
The Locks at Black Rapids
Photo Source: Al Lewis, Bytown or Bust
The Locks at Black Rapids
Photo Source: Al Lewis, Bytown or Bust
The houses on the left (west) are in Nepean Township. The tall evergreen trees on the right are in Gloucester Township.
April 14, 2010:
April 20, 2010:
Photos taken from the Bridge over the Jock River on Prince of Wales Drive
Left Photo: Facing westward, towards Richmond Right Photo: Facing eastward towards the Rideau River
September 10, 2010:
Photo Source, below: Rideau Waterway, by Robert Legget
February 24, 2014:
Long Island Locks in Winter, Rideau Canal System
Lockmaster's House built in 1930
Source for the above photograph is Hard Times, Heartbreak and Heritage - Invisible Army, by Ed Bebee, 2010, Ed Bebee and the Friends of the Rideau,
ISBN 978-0-9696052-4-9, Rideau Canal Details including many surnames, page 184.
December 31, 2014:
Source: Library and Archives Canada
Left Painting: Black Rapids Right Painting: Long Island
Long Island Locks on the Rideau Canal System, in winter; (just north of Manotick)
June 13, 2015:
Here is a better copy of Putnam's 1863 map showing Long Island. Thanks to Mary Quinn for this.
E-mail Serge Brosquet, Kathy Adamson, Mike Epp, Taylor Kennedy, Ellen Paul, Anne Burgess, Mary Quinn and Al Lewis
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