Huntley Township, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Early Schools

May 24, 2005:

Thanks to Debbie Prince for the following material:

Hello all,
I believe the following excerpts of articles will answer a few questions, including the fact that "Mulligan's Schoolhouse" 
appears to have derived its name by the donation of land for same by Thomas Mulligan. See copies of articles below.

(I am a direct descendant of Thomas Mulligan outlined:
"Thomas Mulligan was born in 1771 in Castleterra, County Cavan, Ireland. He married Dorothy Leathem who was born in 1763 in 
the Townland of Tumroght, Town of Cavan, County Cavan. Thomas and Dorothy attended the Church of Ireland (Anglican) in 
the parish of Castleterra at Ballyhaise. In 1821 they emigrated to Canada; the family then consisted of parents Thomas and 
Dorothy, and children John 20 years, Phoebe 15 years, Eliza 15 years, Sarah 14 years, Thomas 12 years, James 8 years, and 
Nathaniel 5 years. They first settled at Eardley, Quebec and then in 1825 acquired a land grant on the Carp Road. Thomas and 
family settled on 100 acres and the oldest son, John, took over the adjoining 100 acres on the north east half of lot 6, con. 2, 
Huntley Township. (See Pioneer Families and Early Settlers of Huntley Township, Volume 3) Dorothy died in 1855; there 
is no information on when Thomas died." (pg. 3, Pioneer Families and Early Settlers of Huntley Township, Volume 4.)
From "Beginnings - A Brief History of Huntley Township 1819-1930 - Huntley Township Historical Society" - page 74:
"S.S. #1
School Section No. 1 was a double section, containing 8400 acres, and extending from the town line of March to the seventh 
line of Huntley and from the town line of Goulbourn to the seventh lot. In 1820, lot 6, concession 2 was obtained by 
Thomas Mulligan, and it was a half acre of land on the west end of this lot, that was given to the school section, and where, 
in later years, "Mulligan's School" was built.

The first school was a scoop-roofed shanty with few benches and no blackboard. The second school showed a major improvement 
over the first in that it was a four-sided cottage-roofed log building. But it was far from perfect - the chinks were poor 
and snow drifted into the loft; there was a long bench along either side, with twelve foot benches for seats. The boys sat 
on the left, the girls on the right. The boys would punch out the knots to spit through the holes.  The teacher's desk sat 
at the front of the room, the stove near the back, while the small children crowded in a circle in the centre. While there 
was a large attendance in the winter, those attending diminished in numbers in the summertime, when they were expected to 
help with the great amount of work which had to be done around their parents' farms. The school offered the three basics - 
reading, writing and arithmetic, and in some years, the school was completely filled and crowded to the doors.
The third school, built after the fire, was another log structure with a pitched-roof. Although it was larger, the equipment 
after the disaster was poor. There was a fifth class for the older pupils where all the subjects were taught including 
alegebra, geometry, and trigonometry. The fourth school, built of stone in 1883, had plastered walls and ceiling, and in 
1890 was refinished in oiled boards.  The first bell which had been purchased, was cracked and a new one bought. Internal 
improvements were obtained gradually - in 1903 double desks replaced the previous old seats with sloped tops, the slit at 
the front for the slate, and no ink wells. Hardwood floors were laid the same year.  Up to 1910 painted boards served as 
blackboards; after that year, painted beaver-board was used, untill 1925 when a new sterling composition blackboard was 
purchased. In 1905, under Inspector R.H. Cowley, the library was started.  In 1917 a clock was installed, and in 1929 an 
organ added. External improvements included a board fence (1896) and later a wire fence (1909), an iron pump, new flag, 
tin roof (1927) and window-boxes. In 1933 the school yard was extended to the Third Line, when Mr. Nat Mulligan began 
renting a strip of land to the school at $1 a year. Other activities, besides the learning of the basic subjects taught,
included school concerts at the end or middle of the term, school fairs, and agriculture and art as part of the course 
of study. Some of the first teachers were Mr. Johnston (the first), Lewis Conley (1862), Enoch Bradley (1864), Mr. Munroe 
(when cross, boys brought him a bottle of whiskey), Mr. Foster, and John Clark."

From the Illustrated Historical Atlas of the County of Carleton, 1879, H. Belden & Co.: Under Huntley: "The first school in the Township was taught by a Miss Mills, in a log shanty built for the purpose, on Lot 19, Conc. 4. This continued to be used for many years, but has been long since replaced by a building more in keeping with the changed circumstances of the settlers and settlement." Page 447, Carleton Saga, Walker "Schools Mitchell's Carleton Directory for 1863 contains the superintendent's report on the Huntley Public schools. He reported on eight school sections all with log schools as follows: Section No. 1, John S. Clarke, teacher Section No. 2, Adam Robinson, teacher Section No. 3, Annie C. McCallum, teacher Section No. 4, James Armstrong, teacher Section No. 5, Thomas Brown, teacher Section No. 6, Elizabeth Kitts, teacher Section No. 7, Catharine Murphy, teacher Section No. 8, Ralph Slattery, teacher The writer will not attempt to indicate which was the first school. But one that is held even today in nostalgic recollection by the dwindling number of its former pupils was the "Red School" that used to be on the Fifth Concession of the forced road. This school was about three miles out of Carp toward Kinburn on what was then called the "Indian Road". The teacher most recalled in happy memory was Miss Vera Moorhead now the wife of Hon. Irwin Haskett, Ontario Minister of Transport. One of her "star" pupils was Erskine Johnston, Carleton's Member in the Ontario Legislature. About three years ago the school sections of the township disappeared under the new organization of the Huntley Township School Area. Under this system all the 340 public school pupils in the township are transported by bus to the modern Carp Centennnial School under the principalship of Devid Lemke..." Huntley in Black and White - Huntley Township Historical Society, page 57 - contains a photo with the following label: "Carp's Second School Built in 1872 on Rivington Street, this structure served until 1905, when a new school was built on Church Street. This building was remodelled into two houses which still stand." Page 58 Photo with label: "Hodgins's School A photograph from the late 1800s. Hodgins's school on the 6th Line, where the St. John's Anglican Church congregation held their first services. This building burned and a second school was erected on the same spot." ***** Page 59: "S.S. No. 1 Huntley At the corner of the Carp Road and Richardson's Side Road. Its latest incarnation is in the form of the Cheshire Cat pub. One-room schools disappeared with the formation of the township school areas, culminating in the construction of large central schools, like Huntley Centennial Public School in Carp." ... Debbie Prince

June 13, 2010:
Huntley Township School #6 (Manion's Corners) Photo Sources: Once Upon A Country Lane, by Garfield Ogilvie, Pages 303 and 304 Huntley Township, Ontario, Canada, School #6,  1894 Huntley Township, Ontario, Canada, School #6,  1894
Names of Scholars: Bassett, Watson, Jessie McIntyre (Teacher) Carter, Sample, Daley, Carroll
New September 3, 2013 Just doing some formatting. ...Al

E-mail Debbie Prince and Al Lewis

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