Some Pioneer Families of Hull, Quebec, Canada, and the Gatineau Valley




July 12, 2015:

Thanks to Pauline Johns who has sent along the folowing link:

Les squatters de la rivière Gatineau entre 1812 et 1870, pour l'obtention du grade de Maitre des arts (M.A.) 
par Mathieu Sabourin à la Faculté des études supérieures de l'Université Laval, 2010


March 19, 2012: 1650: Nicholas Gatineau, a clerk in the Company of One Hundred Associates, an organization of French fur traders, gives his family's name to the river flowing into the Ottawa about two miles down river from the present City Hall. The Gatineau River is approximately 300 miles in length, having its source in far northern Quebec. It serves to the present day, as it has from the early 1800's as a major water transportation route to convey large quantities of logs down to the Ottawa River. Source: Ottawa, City of the Big Ears, by Robert Haig, page 44
December 16, 2010:
Painting Source: Franklin Brownell, Ottawa Artist, 1857-1946 National Gallery of Canada Gatineau Landscape by Franklin Brownell
September 28, 2011:
and here is a map from Rick Blanchard's book about the McCrank and Hogan families in the Gatineau Valley. The map shows the major landmarks for the Irish Catholic families who settled between Kazabazua and Low, Quebec. Map Source: Pathfinder Maps and Rick Blanchard Map of settlement in the Gatineau Valley
Keywords: Gatineau Privilege March 17, 2012. Happy St. Patrick's Day ! The names on the above map are listed here: In (Kazabazua) Aylwin Township: Kazabazua, Kazabazua River, Hogan's Hotel, Bridge - 1903, Lake St. Mary, Mahoney, The Hogan Settlement, O'Neill stopping place, McCambley stopping place, Flannery, Cuddihey, The Shingle, McGoey, McKale's Corner IN Hineke Township: Ryanville In Low Township: McLaughlin, Gannon, The Manitou, Gatineau River, Lake Manitou, Cuddihey stopping place, The Burrough, McCaffrey / Haveron store, Venosta, The Kealey Settlement, Blue Clay Cut, North Low, Tucker Lake, Wm / Joe McCrank (first Gatineau home), Church, Gleason, Cahill, Martindale, McGoey / O'Malley, W.J. McCrank, Nell McCrank, The South Road, Brooks stopping place, Paugan Falls, Low, Daly, Lac Ste-Marie Road, Martindale Road, Route 105
Here is the web site of some founding families of Gatineau and Hull. (The Department of Industry (Industry Canada) seems to have removed this very useful web site). Some of the families included are: November 27, 2014: The best source for historical information regarding this organized emigration is the Shropshire News Letter, Number 40, June 1971, published by the Shropshire Archaeological Society. 1. William Farmer from Shropshire, England (to Farmer's Rapids), led a migration of c. 18 families, including the Bonell family in 1834.
Source for text below is Ottawa Waterway, by Robert Legget, page 187 Keywords: Gatineau Privilege Source for William Farmer photo below is Library and Archives Collection, # C 8509 William Farmer, Shropshire, England to the Gatineau Valley, Canada, in 1834 Photo of William Farmer, Shropshire, England to the Gatineau Valley, Canada, in 1834
2. David MacLaren from Glasgow, Scotland 3. Philemon Wright PW 4. The Gilmour family 5. Thomas Kirk from County Londonderry, Ireland (Kirk`s Ferry) 6. Caleb Brooks January 15, 2006: (Thanks to Will Dunlop for sending this link ... Al) Al, I thought I would offer you some further info. that might help connect some dots between the Kirk and Brooks family lines. Sarah Dunlop, daughter of Gabriel Dunlap and Catherine Hoben married John Brooks. Their children included Mary Ann who married John Kirk, Marshall Spring, Lydia Amelia, Charles Lennox who married Marjorie Matchett, John Austin and Evelyn (Rebecca?). The children of Mary Ann and John Kirk include Alonzo (b.185x-?), Lydia (1853-69), John Brooks (1854-56), Sarah (1856-?), Eveline (1858-?), Helena (1862-?) and Marshall (1870-?). ... Will Dunlop (see new posting from Dave Yuill dated January 6, 2008, below)
June 3, 2008: Dear Mr. Lewis; I am a descendant of pioneers in the Ottawa Valley & Gatineau, & my maiden name is Conlin. I recently attended the Ontario Genealogical Society conference & had prepared these cards for the wall of ancestors. I thought perhaps they might indicate some of the families I am researching, for posting on your web site. If this is possible, it would be greatly appreciated. Regards ... Pat researching Tobias Conlin and Margaret Judge and John Joseph McTeague and Bridget Sherlock
July 4, 2008: Gail Hildebrandt is researching her ancestors, Philip TROWSE / TROWSSE and Anne EARLE, who came to the Bytown and Chelsea area from Norfolk, England.
December 13, 2008:
Covered Bridge at Wakefield, Quebec (The Gendron Bridge, built in 1915) Photo Source: Early Days in the Ottawa Country, Stittsville Public Library Call #971-3 Picture of Covered Bridge at Wakefield, Quebec, Canada

January 6, 2008: Will, I was reading your article on the Kirks and Brooks family lines (above). I have some "In Memory" cards that I found in my Sheffield papers with the date of death on them that might interest you. I believe that Catherine Dunlop was married to Elisha Sheffield. I live in the Sheffield homestead. John A. Cameron Died June 24, 1890 Aged 33 years James Robert Dunlop Died April 17, 1895 Aged 55 years 8 months John Kirk Died Sept 26, 1889 Aged 66 years and 6 months (Kirk's Ferry?) John A. Brooks Died July 15, 1912 Aged 67 years Miss Amelia Brooks Died Dec 27, 1913 Miss Evaline R. Brooks Died June 23, 1914 Aged 68 Charles Lennox Brooks Died May 2, 1920 Aged 81 years ... Dave Yuill
October 27, 2009: Andrews is researching the early Patrick Kearney and Bridget Tempanny / Tenpenny family in the Gatineau Valley.
January 4, 2009: Alexa Pritchard is writing a book on the History of Aylwin Township, to be published in 2012. She is looking for early photos and stories of the pioneer families in that area. See our Aylwin Township web page.


February 8, 2010: There is a new web site for the History of Cantley, Quebec. You can get to it by clicking here.
May 10, 2010: Thanks to Allen Craig for the following Topographic Maps of the Gatineau River area: Hi Al: Attached is a portion of the map showing the Gatineau River from Farmers Rapids to Alcove, I'll have to do a couple of other scans to get up to Kazabazua which is as far as the map covers. As you will see the image is not as crisp as the one for Fort Coulonge, partly because this map is older and partly because when it was mounted on cardboard the glue caused some of the colours, especially the blue, to run a bit. The section of the Gatineau from Gatineau Point of Farmers Rapids is not shown on the same map, but I do have it on the older still map I took the scans of Mechanicsville and the Rideau from, unfortunately there is a bit of a tear in the paper so I need to do a little photoshopping to bring all the bits together ... this may take some time. Map Source: Sheet 31 G NW Buckingham (Provisional) Scale 2 mi to 1 inch or 1:126,720 This map adjoins the one above and covers roughly Luskville to Papineauville to Lac Simon to Kazabazua to Luskville. ... Al Craig May 12, 2010: Alcove to Lac Ste. Marie
Map of the Gatineau River from Farmer's Rapids to Alcove, Quebec, Canada Farmer's Rapids to Alcove, Quebec, Canada Map of the Gatineau River from Farmer's Rapids to Alcove, Quebec, Canada



June 28, 2010: Hi Al Came across this document at Library and Archives Canada. I'm not sure what it is or why it was created , but at the least it is a list of landowners and their lots as of Sep. 21st, 1827. For me it signifies that the John Snow I have been researching, who drowned in the Chats Falls (year still unknown) was alive in 1827. If you want to put this data on the Philemon Wright page, you may, or any other page you think is more suitable. (some of these men are listed on the PW page) Also, my email address has changed to: karenprytula33@gmail.com Data from Library and Archives Canada, Lower Canada Land Petitions, Instrument # 227 Transcribed as best I could, including spelling errors. Name Lots Numbers Ranges Comments Dated 21st Sept 1827 John Fromholt 28 5 Hull John Snow 18 5 Hull Benjamin Simmons 17 5 Hull Calvin Radmore 16 5 Hull George Nutley 16 4 Hull (Notley) Joseph Badham 16 6 Hull Charles Thomas 14 5 Hull William Cook 18 7 Hull John Brillion 23 8 Hull John Hayworth 22 7 Hull John Rogers 23 7 Hull Richard Austin 26 8 Hull Francis Link East half lot 13 8 Hull Henry Hardman 20, 21, 27 5 Hull (Hurdman) Charles Hardman 8, 9, 10 6 Hull (Hurdman) Christopher C. Wright 7, 8, 9 7 Hull Peter White 13 5 James Green south 3/4 of lot 10 1 Templeton & south 3/4 of lot 2 2 Templeton Frederick Whitmark 25 in Long Point Range Templeton Charles Crilley 24 7 Hull John Crilley 18 6 Hull William Thompson 21 8 Hull Richard Highland 20 7 Hull Thomas Buck 9 9 Hull Alexander Moffit 17 6 Hull ... Moffatt James Pink 15 6 Hull (Pink's Road) Thomas Reid 14 11 Hull Gabriel Dunlop 21 9 Hull David Hadley 15 7 Hull William Dunlop 20 9 Hull Francis Bradley ... Karen Prytula also Joseph Lusk to Luskville. ______________________________________ Karen: Thanks for this. And, I've updated your change of e-mail address on your other pages on the web site. ... Al
October 20, 2011: Roger Flansberry is researching the family of Thomas FOGARTY and Mary DEVINE, from Ireland to Bouchette in the Gatineau Valley ______________________________________ December 28, 2011: Pamela Newcomer is researching her ancestors, Mathew MORRIS and Ellen TRACEY / TREACY, who settled in the Wakefield area.
January 7, 2012: We are compiling a list of early Roman Catholic Churches in the Gatineau Valley, from Maniwaki southwards to the Ottawa River.
April 10, 2014: Thanks to Mark Cullen who has sent along a link to the railway stops along the Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Occidental Railway.
April 18, 2015: Be sure to attend "Up To Low", a unique theatrical event filled with music and heart, based on the book by Brian Doyle and adapted for the stage by Janet Irwin. See link to the Up to Low web page which contains details and ticket information, etc. at the Up to Low web site.
October 8, 2015: Last week we made a bus trip to Maniwaki, Wakefield and to the Kitigan Zibi Ashinabeg in Maniwaki. Olivia Martin was the photographer for this trip.
October 13, 2015: See Mark Cullen's new information regarding Lower Canada (Quebec) Land Grants -- Early Settlers of Templeton, Buckingham, Lochaber and Chatham Townships
May 3, 2016: There are some interesting articles regarding the history of the Gatineau Valley at the Outaouais Heritage Web Magazine. ... Al
May 26, 2016: The Webb and Farley families were in the Ottawa area in the 1830's. (possibly near Masham ?)
October 16, 2016: Hello, My name is Richard Henderson. I am a 4x G-Grandson of Philemon Wright, through his son Phil Jr. (as the family called him) and Sally, through Erexina (their daughter) and Andrew Leamy. I am author of the book Walking in the Footsteps of Philemon Wright, a book which results from a lifetime of hearing family stories and 20 + years of research. (Note: Mr. Henderson's book is now in its second printing and will be available soon ... Al) I was drawn to research the family history for many reasons but one great motivator was that I wanted to see if I could find some reconciliation of the differences I found in the many accounts and histories written about Wright's settlement - some of which distort things through their political or modern perspectives - and the family history. One such distortion concerns the name of the Gatineau River, as described in the first paragraph of your page (http://www.bytown.net/gatineau.htm?). Your page gives only one of the two accounts of the origins of its name and it is - probably because of the QC govt.'s account from its own toponymie commission - a distinctly Euro-centric explanation that puts the greatest weight on the story that the river derives its name from the trapper son of a man named Nicholas Gastineau (note the spelling). There are so many problems, though, with accepting this story as the origin of the name: 1. The man and his sons were named Gastineau, NOT Gatineau. 2. Nicholas Gastineau had 3 sons, one of which was named Nicholas. The river was certainly not named after the father who had absolutely nothing to do with the river, so one must ask why Nicholas, just one of the 3 trapper sons, lends his name to the River & the City ? Except for a legend that Nicholas drowned in the River, there are no other accounts to substantiate his importance nor differentiate him from his brothers. 3. It is from an account by Raymond Douville, a 20th century historian from Trois-Rivieres, that we get the story that people began to call it "la riviere a Gastineau" during the 18th century, because, he writes, the 3 Gastineau brothers MAY have had a fur trading post or relay station in an area near the mouth of the river. 4. The Gastineau brothers left absolutely nothing of note to attach their names to the area; no buildings, no descendants. 5. The name Gatineau (or Gastineau) does not appear on any maps of the area before the 19th century. The only name given to the river before Wright's settlement is found in a 1783 report by a Col. Jones and that name is 'Lettinoe'. The second account, however, has to do with a real name given to the river, a name that was uttered by human lips for centuries, perhaps for millennia; a name that would have been spoken to the explorers passing through and the settlers who stayed. The name is Te Nagadeno Zibi, translated from Algonquin, it is 'The river that stops (ones journey)'. The name is, of course, a phonetic English spelling of an Algonquin word. It is known that the English phonetic spellings approach the sounds used in most Aboriginal languages but are not identical. For instance, phonetic spellings often use either the G and K, interchangeably, because they both approximate the actual sound. In other words, the explorers could hear Te Nagadeno Zibi or Deyna Gatino Sipi or any combination thereof. The word Zibi or Sipi means 'River' in English. So, at its root, the name given to the river by the Algonquin people was Gatino. Undoubtedly, that is the name (written Gatteno, Gateno and Gatino) used by Philemon Wright and later by Colonel By in their own handwritten accounts, reports and maps. Local historian, Raymond Ouimet, has written extensively about this second account. We read in the first-hand account of Wright, himself, and the account from his Granddaughter, Bertha (Hannah) Wright Carr-Harris, that the first people that Wright encountered in the area were, of course, natives. He no doubt heard the names of rivers from the local natives, in their own language, from their lips: Kitchi Zibi (the Grand River), Te Nagadeno Zibi and Pasapkedjinawong (The River that passes between the rocks; Champlain called it the Rideau). My own take on how the river goes from Gatteno, as both Wright and Colonel By knew it, to Gatineau, is that the French spelling was adopted as more and more documents, reports and maps were produced by officials in Lower Canada; just as, today, you can only find Outaouais and Rideau used in French Quebec, despite the fact that there are names far older than those that are attached to those two rivers. Now, I understand that places adopt the names that settlers or majority populations choose but at least, we still remember all of the names, using them in other places and including them in our history. Names like Kitchesippi, Grand River, Asticou, Quyon are all names we know and still can see in the area. It's important that we get the history right, and endeavor to have the complete history of our home and not just one piece; not just a questionable history, based more on chauvinism than fact, that may serve only to satisfy the imperatives of a dominant culture. Please feel free to post this on your site if you wish (you may remove the biographic data from the 1st two paragraphs). Thanks. Rick Henderson
December 7, 2016
The Ridge Road Settlers in Gatineau Park 1834-1907+ By: Bill McGee
In the 1800s many families settled along Ridge road, now in Gatineau Park, upon what was called Kingsmere mountain. They settled in Hull and Eardley townships in the then County of Ottawa. The family names include McKinstry, McCloskey, Davis, Bradley, Ryan, Laing, Marshall, Kennedy, Doyle, McSweeney, Heyden, Higgins, McGuire, Jeffs, Routley, Grimes, Egan, Keogan, Sheahan, Fortune, Leahey, Dunlop, Mullin and Walsh. Bill McGee has written an excellent paper about the Ridge Road Settlers in Gatineau Park. His paper can be downloaded from the following link: The Ridge Road Settlers in Gatineau Park rev 10.pdf
New January 4, 2017: Catching up on some recent material about the Gatineau Valley, today. First, Bill McGee has added a transcription of burials at St. Stephen's Roman Catholic church in Chelsea, Quebec to his above page on the Ridge Road Settlers, above. This .pdf file can be downloaded and / or read at The St. Stephens Burial Index, Chelsea Quebec, by Bill McGee There are many early Irish and Francophone settlers from far and wide buried at St. Stephen's. Also, Cliff Seibel from Canadian Headstones has posted, via the Facebook Group of the Ottawa Branch, Ottawa Genealogical Society, photographs and transcriptions of seven cemeteries in the Gatineau Valley. Again, these burial grounds are home to many of the earliest pioneer families. Here is the list: "The following seven cemeteries in Outaouais - Vallée-de-la-Gatineau , Quebec were recently updated by Angie and Bob Garant with assistance from Cliff Seibel. The cemeteries were originally photographed in 2014 and updated with September 2016 photos. St. James Cemetery, Gracefield http://canadianheadstones.com/qc/cemetery.php?cemID=243 Messines Cemetery http://canadianheadstones.com/qc/cemetery.php?cemID=2262 Bois-Franc Cemetery http://canadianheadstones.com/qc/cemetery.php?cemID=2281 La Visitation Cemetery, rue du Pont, Gracefield http://canadianheadstones.com/qc/cemetery.php?cemID=2283 La Visitation Cemetery, route 105, Gracefield http://canadianheadstones.com/qc/cemetery.php?cemID=2284 Saint-Eugène Cemetery, Blue Sea http://canadianheadstones.com/qc/cemetery.php?cemID=2317 Blue Sea Lake Cemetery http://canadianheadstones.com/qc/cemetery.php?cemID=338

E-mail Will Dunlop, Patricia Breen, Dave Yuill, Allen Craig, Karen Prytula, Rick Henderson and Al Lewis

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