Some Pioneer Families of Hull, Quebec, Canada, and the Gatineau Valley
July 12, 2015:
Thanks to Pauline Johns who has sent along the folowing link:
Les squatters de la rivière Gatineau entre 1812 et 1870, pour l'obtention du grade de Maitre des arts (M.A.)
par Mathieu Sabourin à la Faculté des études supérieures de l'Université Laval, 2010
March 19, 2012:
1650: Nicholas Gatineau, a clerk in the Company of One Hundred Associates, an organization of French fur traders, gives
his family's name to the river flowing into the Ottawa about two miles down river from the present City Hall.
The Gatineau River is approximately 300 miles in length, having its source in far northern Quebec. It serves to
the present day, as it has from the early 1800's as a major water transportation route to convey large quantities
of logs down to the Ottawa River.
Source: Ottawa, City of the Big Ears, by Robert Haig, page 44
December 16, 2010:
Painting Source: Franklin Brownell, Ottawa Artist, 1857-1946
National Gallery of Canada
September 28, 2011:
and here is a map from Rick Blanchard's book about the McCrank and Hogan families in the Gatineau Valley.
The map shows the major landmarks for the Irish Catholic families who settled between Kazabazua and Low, Quebec.
Map Source: Pathfinder Maps and Rick Blanchard
Keywords: Gatineau Privilege
March 17, 2012. Happy St. Patrick's Day !
The names on the above map are listed here:
In (Kazabazua) Aylwin Township:
Kazabazua, Kazabazua River, Hogan's Hotel, Bridge - 1903, Lake St. Mary, Mahoney, The Hogan Settlement, O'Neill stopping place,
McCambley stopping place, Flannery, Cuddihey, The Shingle, McGoey, McKale's Corner
IN Hineke Township:
In Low Township:
McLaughlin, Gannon, The Manitou, Gatineau River, Lake Manitou, Cuddihey stopping place, The Burrough, McCaffrey / Haveron store,
Venosta, The Kealey Settlement, Blue Clay Cut, North Low, Tucker Lake, Wm / Joe McCrank (first Gatineau home), Church, Gleason, Cahill,
Martindale, McGoey / O'Malley, W.J. McCrank, Nell McCrank, The South Road, Brooks stopping place, Paugan Falls, Low, Daly,
Lac Ste-Marie Road, Martindale Road, Route 105
Here is the web site of some founding families of Gatineau and Hull.
(The Department of Industry (Industry Canada) seems to have removed this very useful web site).
Some of the families included are:
November 27, 2014:
The best source for historical information regarding this organized emigration is the Shropshire News Letter,
Number 40, June 1971, published by the Shropshire Archaeological Society.
1. William Farmer from Shropshire, England (to Farmer's Rapids), led a migration of c. 18 families, including
the Bonell family in 1834.
Source for text below is Ottawa Waterway, by Robert Legget, page 187
Keywords: Gatineau Privilege
Source for William Farmer photo below is Library and Archives Collection, # C 8509
2. David MacLaren from Glasgow, Scotland
3. Philemon Wright PW
4. The Gilmour family
5. Thomas Kirk from County Londonderry, Ireland (Kirk`s Ferry)
6. Caleb Brooks January 15, 2006:
(Thanks to Will Dunlop for sending this link ... Al)
Al, I thought I would offer you some further info. that might help connect some
dots between the Kirk and Brooks family lines. Sarah Dunlop, daughter of
Gabriel Dunlap and Catherine Hoben married John Brooks. Their children included
Mary Ann who married John Kirk, Marshall Spring, Lydia Amelia, Charles Lennox who
married Marjorie Matchett, John Austin and Evelyn (Rebecca?).
The children of Mary Ann and John Kirk include Alonzo (b.185x-?), Lydia (1853-69),
John Brooks (1854-56), Sarah (1856-?), Eveline (1858-?), Helena (1862-?) and Marshall (1870-?).
... Will Dunlop
(see new posting from Dave Yuill dated January 6, 2008, below)
June 3, 2008:
Dear Mr. Lewis;
I am a descendant of pioneers in the Ottawa Valley & Gatineau, & my maiden name is Conlin.
I recently attended the Ontario Genealogical Society conference & had prepared these cards
for the wall of ancestors. I thought perhaps they might indicate some of the families I
am researching, for posting on your web site. If this is possible, it would be greatly
researching Tobias Conlin and Margaret Judge
and John Joseph McTeague and Bridget Sherlock
July 4, 2008:
Gail Hildebrandt is researching her ancestors, Philip TROWSE / TROWSSE and Anne EARLE, who came to the
Bytown and Chelsea area from Norfolk, England.
December 13, 2008:
Covered Bridge at Wakefield, Quebec
(The Gendron Bridge, built in 1915)
Photo Source: Early Days in the Ottawa Country, Stittsville Public Library Call #971-3
April 18, 2019: (post retirement)
Source for the following text block and picture of the house once belonging to William Lyon Mackenzie King is
National Capital Heritage, page 74.
Keywords: Moorside, Kingsmere, Quebec.
January 6, 2008:
I was reading your article on the Kirks and Brooks family lines (above).
I have some "In Memory" cards that I found in my Sheffield papers with the date of
death on them that might interest you. I believe that Catherine Dunlop was married to
Elisha Sheffield. I live in the Sheffield homestead.
John A. Cameron Died June 24, 1890 Aged 33 years
James Robert Dunlop Died April 17, 1895 Aged 55 years 8 months
John Kirk Died Sept 26, 1889 Aged 66 years and 6 months (Kirk's Ferry?)
John A. Brooks Died July 15, 1912 Aged 67 years
Miss Amelia Brooks Died Dec 27, 1913
Miss Evaline R. Brooks Died June 23, 1914 Aged 68
Charles Lennox Brooks Died May 2, 1920 Aged 81 years
... Dave Yuill
October 27, 2009:
Andrews is researching the early Patrick Kearney and Bridget Tempanny / Tenpenny family in the Gatineau Valley.
January 4, 2009:
Alexa Pritchard is writing a book on the History of Aylwin Township, to be published in 2012.
She is looking for early photos and stories of the pioneer families in that area.
See our Aylwin Township web page.
February 8, 2010:
There is a new web site for the History of Cantley, Quebec. You can get to it by clicking here.
May 10, 2010:
Thanks to Allen Craig for the following Topographic Maps of the Gatineau River area:
Attached is a portion of the map showing the Gatineau River from Farmers Rapids to Alcove, I'll have to do a couple of
other scans to get up to Kazabazua which is as far as the map covers. As you will see the image is not as crisp as the
one for Fort Coulonge, partly because this map is older and partly because when it was mounted on cardboard the glue caused
some of the colours, especially the blue, to run a bit.
The section of the Gatineau from Gatineau Point of Farmers Rapids is not shown on the same map, but I do have it on the older
still map I took the scans of Mechanicsville and the Rideau from, unfortunately there is a bit of a tear in the paper so I
need to do a little photoshopping to bring all the bits together ... this may take some time.
Map Source: Sheet 31 G NW Buckingham (Provisional) Scale 2 mi to 1 inch or 1:126,720 This map adjoins the one above and covers
roughly Luskville to Papineauville to Lac Simon to Kazabazua to Luskville.
... Al Craig
May 12, 2010: Alcove to Lac Ste. Marie
Farmer's Rapids to Alcove, Quebec, Canada
June 28, 2010:
Came across this document at Library and Archives Canada. I'm not sure what it is or why it was created ,
but at the least it is a list of landowners and their lots as of Sep. 21st, 1827.
For me it signifies that the John Snow I have been researching, who drowned in the Chats Falls
(year still unknown) was alive in 1827.
If you want to put this data on the Philemon Wright page, you may, or any other page you think is more suitable.
(some of these men are listed on the PW page)
Also, my email address has changed to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Data from Library and Archives Canada, Lower Canada Land Petitions, Instrument # 227
Transcribed as best I could, including spelling errors.
Name Lots Numbers Ranges Comments Dated 21st Sept 1827
John Fromholt 28 5 Hull
John Snow 18 5 Hull
Benjamin Simmons 17 5 Hull
Calvin Radmore 16 5 Hull
George Nutley 16 4 Hull (Notley)
Joseph Badham 16 6 Hull
Charles Thomas 14 5 Hull
William Cook 18 7 Hull
John Brillion 23 8 Hull
John Hayworth 22 7 Hull
John Rogers 23 7 Hull
Richard Austin 26 8 Hull
Francis Link East half lot 13 8 Hull
Henry Hardman 20, 21, 27 5 Hull (Hurdman)
Charles Hardman 8, 9, 10 6 Hull (Hurdman)
Christopher C. Wright 7, 8, 9 7 Hull
Peter White 13 5
James Green south 3/4 of
lot 10 1 Templeton
& south 3/4 of lot 2 2 Templeton
Frederick Whitmark 25 in Long Point Range Templeton
Charles Crilley 24 7 Hull
John Crilley 18 6 Hull
William Thompson 21 8 Hull
Richard Highland 20 7 Hull
Thomas Buck 9 9 Hull
Alexander Moffit 17 6 Hull ... Moffatt
James Pink 15 6 Hull (Pink's Road)
Thomas Reid 14 11 Hull
Gabriel Dunlop 21 9 Hull
David Hadley 15 7 Hull
William Dunlop 20 9 Hull
... Karen Prytula
also Joseph Lusk to Luskville.
Karen: Thanks for this.
And, I've updated your change of e-mail address on your other pages on the web site.
October 20, 2011:
Roger Flansberry is researching the family of Thomas FOGARTY and Mary DEVINE, from Ireland to Bouchette in the Gatineau Valley
December 28, 2011:
Pamela Newcomer is researching her ancestors, Mathew MORRIS and Ellen TRACEY / TREACY, who settled in the Wakefield area.
January 7, 2012:
We are compiling a list of early Roman Catholic Churches in the Gatineau Valley, from Maniwaki southwards to the Ottawa River.
April 10, 2014:
Thanks to Mark Cullen who has sent along a link to the railway stops along the Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Occidental Railway.
April 18, 2015:
Be sure to attend "Up To Low", a unique theatrical event filled with music and heart, based on the book by Brian Doyle and
adapted for the stage by Janet Irwin. See link to the Up to Low web page which contains details and ticket information, etc. at
the Up to Low web site.
October 8, 2015:
Last week we made a bus trip to Maniwaki, Wakefield and to the Kitigan Zibi Ashinabeg in Maniwaki. Olivia Martin was
the photographer for this trip.
October 13, 2015:
See Mark Cullen's new information regarding Lower Canada (Quebec) Land Grants -- Early Settlers of Templeton, Buckingham, Lochaber and Chatham Townships
May 3, 2016:
There are some interesting articles regarding the history of the Gatineau Valley at the Outaouais Heritage Web Magazine.
May 26, 2016:
The Webb and Farley families were in the Ottawa area in the 1830's. (possibly near Masham ?)
October 16, 2016:
My name is Richard Henderson. I am a 4x G-Grandson of Philemon Wright, through his son Phil Jr. (as the family called him)
and Sally, through Erexina (their daughter) and Andrew Leamy. I am author of the book
Walking in the Footsteps of Philemon Wright, a book which results from a lifetime of hearing family
stories and 20 + years of research.
(Note: Mr. Henderson's book is now in its second printing and will be available soon ... Al)
I was drawn to research the family history for many reasons but one great motivator was that I wanted to see if I could
find some reconciliation of the differences I found in the many accounts and histories written about Wright's settlement -
some of which distort things through their political or modern perspectives - and the family history.
One such distortion concerns the name of the Gatineau River, as described in the first paragraph of your page (http://www.bytown.net/gatineau.htm?). Your page gives only one of the two accounts of the origins of its name and it is -
probably because of the QC govt.'s account from its own toponymie commission - a distinctly Euro-centric explanation
that puts the greatest weight on the story that the river derives its name from the trapper son of a man named
Nicholas Gastineau (note the spelling).
There are so many problems, though, with accepting this story as the origin of the name:
1. The man and his sons were named Gastineau, NOT Gatineau.
2. Nicholas Gastineau had 3 sons, one of which was named Nicholas. The river was certainly not named after
the father who had absolutely nothing to do with the river, so one must ask why Nicholas, just one of the
3 trapper sons, lends his name to the River & the City ? Except for a legend that Nicholas drowned in the River,
there are no other accounts to substantiate his importance nor differentiate him from his brothers.
3. It is from an account by Raymond Douville, a 20th century historian from Trois-Rivieres, that we get the
story that people began to call it "la riviere a Gastineau" during the 18th century, because, he writes, the 3
Gastineau brothers MAY have had a fur trading post or relay station in an area near the mouth of the river.
4. The Gastineau brothers left absolutely nothing of note to attach their names to the area; no buildings, no descendants.
5. The name Gatineau (or Gastineau) does not appear on any maps of the area before the 19th century. The only name given
to the river before Wright's settlement is found in a 1783 report by a Col. Jones and that name is 'Lettinoe'.
The second account, however, has to do with a real name given to the river, a name that was uttered by human lips for
centuries, perhaps for millennia; a name that would have been spoken to the explorers passing through and the settlers
who stayed. The name is Te Nagadeno Zibi, translated from Algonquin, it is 'The river that stops (ones journey)'.
The name is, of course, a phonetic English spelling of an Algonquin word. It is known that the English phonetic spellings
approach the sounds used in most Aboriginal languages but are not identical. For instance, phonetic spellings often use
either the G and K, interchangeably, because they both approximate the actual sound. In other words, the explorers
could hear Te Nagadeno Zibi or Deyna Gatino Sipi or any combination thereof. The word Zibi or Sipi means 'River' in
English. So, at its root, the name given to the river by the Algonquin people was Gatino. Undoubtedly, that is the name
(written Gatteno, Gateno and Gatino) used by Philemon Wright and later by Colonel By in their own handwritten accounts,
reports and maps. Local historian, Raymond Ouimet, has written extensively about this second account.
We read in the first-hand account of Wright, himself, and the account from his Granddaughter, Bertha (Hannah) Wright
Carr-Harris, that the first people that Wright encountered in the area were, of course, natives. He no doubt heard
the names of rivers from the local natives, in their own language, from their lips: Kitchi Zibi (the Grand River),
Te Nagadeno Zibi and Pasapkedjinawong (The River that passes between the rocks; Champlain called it the Rideau).
My own take on how the river goes from Gatteno, as both Wright and Colonel By knew it, to Gatineau, is that the French
spelling was adopted as more and more documents, reports and maps were produced by officials in Lower Canada; just as,
today, you can only find Outaouais and Rideau used in French Quebec, despite the fact that there are names far older
than those that are attached to those two rivers.
Now, I understand that places adopt the names that settlers or majority populations choose but at least, we still
remember all of the names, using them in other places and including them in our history. Names like Kitchesippi,
Grand River, Asticou, Quyon are all names we know and still can see in the area. It's important that we get the
history right, and endeavor to have the complete history of our home and not just one piece; not just a questionable
history, based more on chauvinism than fact, that may serve only to satisfy the imperatives of a dominant culture.
Please feel free to post this on your site if you wish (you may remove the biographic data from the 1st two paragraphs).
December 7, 2016
The Ridge Road Settlers in Gatineau Park 1834-1907+
By: Bill McGee
In the 1800s many families settled along Ridge road, now in Gatineau Park, upon what was called
Kingsmere mountain. They settled in Hull and Eardley townships in the then County of Ottawa. The
family names include McKinstry, McCloskey, Davis, Bradley, Ryan, Laing, Marshall, Kennedy, Doyle,
McSweeney, Heyden, Higgins, McGuire, Jeffs, Routley, Grimes, Egan, Keogan, Sheahan, Fortune, Leahey,
Dunlop, Mullin and Walsh.
Bill McGee has written an excellent paper about the Ridge Road Settlers in Gatineau Park.
His paper can be downloaded from the following link:
The Ridge Road Settlers in Gatineau Park rev 10.pdf
January 4, 2017:
Catching up on some recent material about the Gatineau Valley, today. First, Bill McGee has added a transcription of burials at St. Stephen's
Roman Catholic church in Chelsea, Quebec to his above page on the Ridge Road Settlers, above. This .pdf file can be downloaded and / or read at
The St. Stephens Burial Index, Chelsea Quebec, by Bill McGee There are many early Irish and Francophone
settlers from far and wide buried at St. Stephen's.
Also, Cliff Seibel from Canadian Headstones has posted, via the Facebook Group of the Ottawa Branch, Ottawa Genealogical Society,
photographs and transcriptions of seven cemeteries in the Gatineau Valley. Again, these burial grounds are home to many of the earliest pioneer
families. Here is the list:
"The following seven cemeteries in Outaouais - Vallée-de-la-Gatineau , Quebec were recently updated by Angie and Bob Garant with assistance from
Cliff Seibel. The cemeteries were originally photographed in 2014 and updated with September 2016 photos.
St. James Cemetery, Gracefield
La Visitation Cemetery, rue du Pont, Gracefield
La Visitation Cemetery, route 105, Gracefield
Saint-Eugène Cemetery, Blue Sea
Blue Sea Lake Cemetery
There were several local ferries on the Gatineau River in the late 1800's. These ferries were used to transport people and goods across the
river between the western (Chelsea area) and eastern (Templeton) sides of the river. The following three photographs are from
"Up the Gatineau!", by the Historical Society of the Gatineau, 1980, Volume 6, ISSN 0700-933X. Keywords for search engine: Caves, Levi Reid,
Patrick / Paddy Fleming, Jack O'Connell,McAllister, Hogan, Cantley, Blackburn Creek,Dowd, McLinton, Farrell, Farrellton, Alcove.
E-mail Will Dunlop, Patricia Breen, Dave Yuill, Allen Craig, Karen Prytula, Rick Henderson and Al Lewis
Back to Bytown or Bust - History and Genealogy in the Ottawa area
Bytown or Bust is also on