A Fur Trade Post in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 1750-59
June 11, 2013:
When Cheryl and I went to the Sadding Cabin, the original site of Fort Rouille was next door, so I took some pictures for you.
Here is a word doc with a brief description and pictures.
Note the second picture of the cannon. Just beyond you can see a 24" wide sidewalk. This circles the Fort location and was the
original footprint. You can also see it from Google Maps - Satelite picture.
Fort Rouillé or Fort Toronto was a French trading post located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that was established around 1750
but abandoned in 1759.
Its construction was ordered by the Marquis de la Jonquière, then governor of New France, in order to further establish a French
presence in the area, and to intercept the trade of Indians travelling towards a British fur trading post in
present-day Oswego, New York, USA (Mohawk Territory). It was a small palisaded fort with a bastion at each of its four corners, and containing five main
buildings: a corps de garde, storeroom, barracks, blacksmith, and a building for the officers. A drawing purported to date from 1749
shows the fort adjacent to Lake Ontario, whereas today it is situated on top of a small hill a hundred metres or so from the lake's
The fort was abandoned and burned by the French garrison in July 1759, who were recalled to reinforce Quebec City from the invading
British forces. Vestiges of the fort remained for many years afterwards, but the site was graded over and sodded in preparation for
the establishment of the nearby Scadding Cabin in 1879.
The fort was named for Antoine Louis Rouillé, French Minister of Marine and Colonies.
A wall surrounded the fort with an entrance to the south facing Lake Ontario and a small road (chemin).
The 180 ft x 180 ft fort consisted of five buildings:
Senior Officers' Quarters
Fort Rouille Plaques
November 26, 2013:
Painting by Frederick S. Challener, 1869-1959
Source: Page 47, Pioneer Settlements in Upper Canada, by Edwin C. Guillet
E-mail Taylor Kennedy and Allan Lewis
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