Philip CHUGG and (1) Deborah ROUTLIFFE and (2) Cathrine DAVIS
Aylmer / Deschenes, Quebec
Painting by Ruth McMillan in 1976
Shows the Head of the Rideau Canal Locks in Ottawa, Canada in 1893
February 24, 2007:
I am searching for the burial location of Philip Chugg (died 1885). His
homestead was on the Deschenes Road. He farmed for Mrs. Bessy / Bessey (daughter of E.B. Eddy).
He also farmed for Dr. Graham's widow. He was a wheelwright but his 5 sons especially
Ebenezer were involved at some time in dairy farming. Ebenezer joined up with a
Gillan son and three others to create an Ottawa Dairymen's Association for the
supply of milk to Ottawa around 1900.
Some think the Philip Chugg burial site was unmarked but close to his homestead
on the Deschenes road. Could it be Pink's Cemetery or Bellevue? Or was it a plot
close to the ruins of the old Methodist church or the old First Presbyterian Church
on Alymer Road by Deschenes road or Edey Road?
Philip Chugg was first married to Deborah Routliffe. Her father, George Routliffe,
farmed across Aylmer Road and just west of Mrs. Bessy. Mrs. Bessy owned the former
Willam Mackay Wright farm. Philip's second wife was Cathrine Davis. Cathrine Davis'
parents were Joseph Davis and Sarah Walkins of South March. Their land is recorded
on an 1879 map of South March Township located at the digital archive of McGill
University. Does anyone have a map of the farms along Deschenes Road 1835 -1900?
I have much on the 5 Chugg boys. Two married the Thompson girls of Wakefield and
Low, Quebec. The Thompson girls were the daughters of Isabelle Larmour Thompson
and granddaughters of William Larmour and Margaret Pink. William Larmour came
from Belfast, Ireland, in 1830 and settled on Lot 19, R.16 in Hull Township. Interestingly,
Anne Jane Thompson and Philip Elisha Chugg, her sister Cathrine Julia Thompson
(Widow of Charles Robert Chugg), and her brother Edward Thompson, farmed side by
side on farms in McLeod, Alberta, Canada. Philip Chugg's son Philip Elisha was
written about many times in the Lethbridge Herald. He was considered one of
the first milliionaire farmers before 1930 in southern Alberta.
There is a second person, Thelma Hartman, who is a great great granddaughter of
Philip Chugg. We both descend from Philip Elisha Chugg of McLeod, Alberta. She also
is looking for this information and we are in contact with each other regularly
even though we have never met.
If anyone can provide burial information, homestead location information, or
land registration information about Philip Chugg and Cathrine Davis, I would
greatly appreciate your email.
Please go ahead and set up a Chugg list or site. I know that Philip Chugg
entered the Hull area very close to 1835 from family information. I have not
documented this yet. One family member actually visited the farm site on the
Deschenes road and saw the flat rocks on which he used to play.
Thanks so much Al!!
Michael Philip Chugg
Hello, Mr. Chugg:
Thanks for your e-mail regarding your Chugg ancestors.
I have a copy of the 1879 Atlas of Carleton County which shows the location of
farms in each Township in Carleton County, including March Township. So far, I have
not found an equivalent map of the counties on the Quebec side. Maybe someone can
help us with this.
Do you know when the Chugg family first arrived in the Deschenes area? An 1808 map
shows the location of farms of early settlers but there is no sign of the Chuggs.
The 1808 map shows the location of Crown Reserves, Clergy Reserves and the early
settlers associated with Philomen Wright. (Edey, Chamberlin, the Wright families,
etc). The 1808 map appears in an article by Dr. Bruce Elliott titled "The Famous
Township of Hull: Images and Aspirations of a Pioneer Quebec Community". The
source for this article should be listed in our bibliography.
According to the article, there was considerable movement of Protestants among
the different denominations. It's possible that Philip Chugg is buried at St.
James Anglican Church (built 1832) on the Aylmer Road. I think that the early
settlers switched churches depending on which Minister they liked best.
If you like, I could set up a new web page on our site for the Chugg family. Just
let me know if this is Ok with you.
We may then hear from other Deschenes area researchers -- or someone may be able
to give us a lead to locate a map of the Deschenes area farms.
There is a good Archives in Gatineau (previously called Hull). It's part of the
Government of Quebec, I believe. Maybe someone will have an e-mail address for them.
... Al Lewis
E-mail Allan Lewis
March 1, 2007:
I have been in contact with Thelma recently regarding Ebenezer Chugg, who married
Mary Fitzpatrick, daughter of Michael Debursey Fitzpatrick and Ellen Colbert. Michael
Debursey Fitzpatrick was a brother to my wife's great-great grandfather William Debursey
Fitzpatrick (William married to Ellen's sister, Maria Colbert).
In Alexa's book, The Wilson's of Denholm, she has Ebenezer Roger Chugg, listed as,
Herbert Chug @ Alberta, but their gravestone, clearly states, Ebenezer Chugg and Mary
I have searched all of the gravesites on the Quebec side, and their is no sign of a tombstone
for Philip Chugg, d. 1885. I think the only resort left is to check the church registers
for his burial.
On another side of the Chugg family, I have been searching for the roots of a James F. Chugg,
b. abt 1934, d. April 09, 2005, married to Marina Hearty, with children: Jane, Francine and
Geoffrey, and siblings: Hector, Margaret Ann, Patricia, Caroline and Evelyn, and this
is his obituary:
CHUGG, James F. In Pontiac Hospital on Saturday, April 9, 2005 at the age of 71.
Beloved husband of Marina Hearty. Dear father of Jane (Richard Forgiel), Aylmer; Francine Chugg,
Kingston and Geoffrey, Bryson. Dear brother of Hector (Barbara), Renfrew; Margaret-Ann Kearns,
Ottawa; Patsy (Merrill Allard), Chapeau; Caroline (Murray Manley), Chesterville and Evelyn
(Robert Lacroix), Ottawa. Lovingly remembered by 5 grandchildren: Stephanie, Steven and Jesse
Chugg and Eric and Melanie Forgiel and great-granddaughter Alexis Forgiel. Respecting James'
wishes, his body has been donated to Ottawa University Medical Faculty. A Funeral Mass will
be celebrated in St. Elizabeth's Church, Vinton, Quebec on Thursday, April 14 at 11 a.m.
The family will be present at the church from 10 a.m. to receive condolences. In lieu of
flowers, donations to the Canadian Cancer Society would be greatly appreciated.
Arrangements in the care of Ringrose Brothers Funeral Home 1-819-648-2181.
(The Ottawa Citizen, April 11, 2005)
Who are the parents of James F. Chugg?
... Ken Armstrong
May 2, 2007:
I am enclosing the Cathrine Davis Chugg 1901 census image. This page is
amazing because it places the Chugg family alongside Mrs. Bessy (as a
widow with children) and further down it also places the Routliff family.
This is all on Aylmer Road.
This seems to match the written Chugg family history in which the Chugg
sons worked for Mrs. Bessey until she sold the land. They certainly were
officially documented as living on the Aylmer Road. More telling is the fact
that one branch of the Routliff family, the first family to be married to
the Chugg family is also listed on the same road and a little further down
the same census page.
While conjecture is still part of this, the written history and the
census page leads credence to the story.
Just thought you might be interested in more fascinating Gatineau history! :)
1901 census for CHUGG family on the Aylmer Road
Source: http://www.automatedgenealogy.com/census/cache/index.html (Search for Chugg surname)
# Numbered in order of visitation Personal Description
9 113 Bessey Ella G F Head W Sep 15 1851 49
10 113 Bessey Eyra B. M Son S Feb 10 1890 11
11 113 Wallace George M Domestic S 1879 21
12 113 Butler Ellen F Domestic S Apr 13 1865 35
13 114 Chugg E.R. M Head M Dec 19 1870 30
14 114 Chugg Mary F Wife M Sep 5 1870 30
15 114 Chugg Nellie I F Daughter S Aug 9 1895 5
16 114 Chugg Edna P F Daughter S Dec 8 1896 4
17 114 Chugg George M Son S Sep 26 1899 1
18 114 Chugg Catherine F Mother W Mar 27 1833 68
19 115 Chantegney J.B. M Head M Feb 24 1856 44
20 115 Chantegney Amelia F Wife M Jun 8 1858 42
21 115 Chantegney Ida E. F Daughter S Sep 17 1878 22
22 115 Chantegney Joseph M Son S May 24 1881 20
23 115 Chantegney Albina F Daughter S Mar 6 1885 16
24 115 Chantegney Don M Son S Dec 15 1892 2
25 115 Chantegney Evon F Daughter S Jun 16 1899 1
26 116 Armstrong Eliza J. F Head W Mar 9 1848 53
27 116 Armstrong Andrew M Son S Mar 21 1878 23
28 116 Armstrong Isabella F Daughter S Sep 27 1881 19
29 116 Armstrong William M Son S May 27 1884 16
30 116 Armstrong Mary F Daughter S Jan 29 1886 15
31 117 Routliff James M Head M Jan 8 1833 68 (Routliffe)
32 117 Routliff Sarah M. F Wife M Sep 22 1842 58
33 117 Routliff George C M Son S Mar 3 1875 26
34 117 Routliff Carrie M. F Daughter S Oct 26 1878 22
35 117 Routliff James H. M Son S Jun 21 1880 20
36 117 Routliff Christina F Daughter S Mar 9 1884 17
...Michael Philip Chugg
I forgot to beg the question- Who was Ella Bessey?
Answer: She was none other than a daughter of E.B. Eddy . (see picture
of E.B. Eddy Sawmill at our Chaudiere page) E.B. Eddy came to Ottawa /
Hull in 1854 from Vermont, USA.
And as I said before, my grandmother would always only have E. B. Eddy
Matches in the house. She told us that Mr. Eddy's daughter had taken care
of the Chugg family when Philip Chugg died and that the Chugg's would
only use Eddy matches in honor of E.B. Eddy's daughter and her kindness.
Well, a few extra thoughts for you to digest.
... Michael Philip Chugg
May 4, 2007:
Here are two separate entries in the 1901 Census for Ebenezer Chugg and family:
Census 1901: Place: Ontario, Ottawa City, Dist No: 100, Sub-Dist: G-3, Wellington Ward
Source: NAC RG31, Microfilm Reel No: T-6488, Schedule 1, Page 27, Starts Line 43
CHUGG, Ebenezer, 381 Gloucester Street, Male, Head, Married, Born: 19 Dec 1869 Quebec, Age: 31, Origin: English, Methodist, Tanner
CHUGG, Mary, 381 Gloucester Street, Female, Wife, Married, Born: 5 Sept 1870 Quebec, Age: 30, Origin: Irish, Anglican
CHUGG, Nellie J., 381 Gloucester Street, Female, Daughter, Single, Born: 9 Aug 1895 Quebec, Age: 5, Origin: English, Methodist
CHUGG, Edna Pearl, 381 Gloucester Street, Female, Daughter, Single, Born: 8 Dec 1896 Quebec, Age: 4, Origin: English, Methodist
CHUGG, George, 381 Gloucester Street, Male, Son, Single, Born: 26 Sept 1899 Quebec, Age: 1, Origin: English, Methodist
NOTE: In this Census: There was a note beside Ebenezer Chugg's name: Had gone to live on the Aylmer Road, May 10, 1901
Census 1901: Place: Quebec, Wright, Dist No: 200, Hull, Sub-Dist: M-2, (Deschenes Mills)
Source: NAC RG31, Microfilm Reel No: T-6549, Schedule 1, Page 14, Starts Line 13
CHUGG, E.R., Lot 13a Range: 2, Male, Head, Married, Born: 19 Dec 1870 Quebec, Age: 30, Origin: English, Methodist, Dairy Farmer
CHUGG, Mary, Female, Wife, Married, Born: 5 Sept 1870 Quebec, Age: 30, Origin: Irish, Anglican
CHUGG, Nilten I., Female, Daughter, Single, Born: 9 Aug 1895 Quebec, Age: 5, Origin: English, Methodist (Cannot make out First Name)
CHUGG, Edna P., Female, Daughter, Single, Born: 8 Dec 1896 Quebec, Age: 4, Origin: English, Methodist
CHUGG, George, Male, Son, Single, Born: 26 Sept 1899 Quebec, Age: 1, Origin: English, Methodist
CHUGG, Catherine, Female, Mother, Widow, Born: 27 Mar 1933 Ontario, Age: 68, Origin: Irish, Methodist
September 4, 2007:
Hi Al and Ken,
Research takes time and has its rewards!
My father's cousin, Philles Chugg Proudfoot, emailed me copies of her Dad Bill Chugg's
photos. The first is of Philip Chugg's wife. Philip Chugg was the first Chugg in
Canada and settled, as I have said previously, on the Deschenes Road. The attached
word document explains the people in each photo.
I am so excited as we are getting closer to details about Philip Chugg.
Cathrine Davis was born and raised in South March township. Her father was Laddie Joe
Davis, a farmer in the area. Her brother's family is buried in South March township
as documented in photo by Scott Naylor. Cathrine was of Irish Protestant descent.
The photo was most probably taken in Parkbeg, Sasketchewan as this is where her
granddaughter Edith Chugg lived before moving to McLeod Alberta.
Cathrine Davis Chugg, the grand matriarch of the Chugg clan in Canada was the mother
of Philip Elisha Chugg.
Philip Elisha Chugg married Anne Jane Thompson (Aunt Annie) of Wakefield Quebec.
Charles Robert Chugg, his brother, married Catherine Julia Thompson, Annie's sister,
of Wakefield Quebec.
Philip Elisha Chugg and Anne Jane Thompson Chugg were the parents Bill Chugg.
(Bill is the brother of my grandfather Philip Edgar Chugg).
So the line logically extends from Cathrine Davis Chugg to Philip Elisha Chugg to
Bill Chugg and Philip Edgar Chugg (amongst many), making this picture as noted,
Cathrine Davis of South March, Ontario. She is of 100% Irish protestant descent,
being the daughter of Laddie Joe Davis of South March, Ontario.
Now on to the little granddaughter, Edith Chugg.
Edith was the youngest daughter of Charles Robert and Catherine Julia Chugg. Edith
was born on May 11,1903. She went to England and while there met Thomas O'Connor.
They married on December 26, 1934 and resided in Ottawa. Many of Edith's eastern
cousins born to John and Anna Ada Milks Chugg also lived in Ottawa. It is interesting
to try to speculate if Edith was in contact with her many cousins in Ottawa and
with her uncle John.
Edith and Tom O'Connor had three children, John O'Connor, Shirley O'Connor Jeffrey,
and Ross O'Connor.
So, above, we have the photo of Cathrine David Chugg wife of Philip Chugg of Barnstaple
England and Hull Quebec and her granddaughter Edith Chugg, your Dad's Cousin. Thanks
for a copy of this treasure!
The second photo is of five out of nine of the Edward Thompson and Isabella Larmour
Thompson children of WAKEFIELD, Quebec. This photo was taken between 1888 and 1890.
Seated are Isabella Thompson age 28-30, Catherine Julia Thompson (aunt Katie) aged
17-19 married to Charles Robert Chugg ( son of Philip Chugg of Hull Que.), Margaret
Thompson aged 36-38, Isabella Larmour Thompson aged 61-63, my great grandmother
Annie Thompson, aged 20-22 married to Philip Elisha Chugg of McLeod Alberta (son
of Philip Chugg of Hull, Que.) and Mary Eliza (Elicia) Thompson aged 34-36 married
to Robert Campbell of Chelsea, Que. (the pair are buried in the Old Chelsea Protestant
I trust you find this Bytown/Gatineau history, through the lens of these two photos
to be enlightening and interesting. I am so pleased to send you closer linkages to
my ancestor, Philip Chugg, so that his existence may become more real in the absence
of government records attesting to his presence in Quebec.
Best regards in beautiful Canada!!!
Michael Philip Chugg
September 26, 2007:
To whom it concerns;
James Chugg's parents were: Evelyn Burke and Hector Chugg.
I am related to him. My father was the son of John Chugg and Anna Ada Milks Chugg.
... Caroline Chugg Manley
July 7, 2009:
Hi Al, Ken and Carrie,
I have attached a document about the rare dairy tokens of Ebenezer Chugg, their connection
to Bytown and to some of its historically famous peerage and to their current locations in
the National Currency Collection of the Bank of Canada and also in the North American Coins
and Currency Museum of the American Numismatic Society in New York, USA .
These rare tokens and the article of 1968 in the Canadian Numismatic Journal, as written by
Donald M. Stewart, cement the Chugg history and the Chugg dairy indelibly into the fabric of
These tokens were produced by Pritchard and Andrews as can be seen on the obverse of the 1
I am in the process of minting an order of reproduction tokens stamped M. Chugg 2009 on the
obverse of the reproductions. I will be making these available to any Canadian family members.
Thanks for sharing this article of Canadian history with your readers.
Michael Philip Chugg
Retyped version of article photocopy from the Canadian Numismatic Journal 1968 (Volume 13)
Photocopied by Ronald Greene Victoria B.C.
Photocopy will not scan clearly for distribution and has therefore been retyped.
The E. Chugg Dairy Tokens
By Donald M. Stewart, F.C.N.R.S. (C.N.A. 1848)
1. E. CHUGG/1/QUART - Aluminum Round 30 mm.
2. E. CHUGG/1/PINT - Aluminum Round 25 mm.
Both tokens have a blank reverse, with the exception of the Pint token which does carry the
manufacturer's identification "Pritchard & Andrews, Ottawa". While neither token was listed
by Breton or Leroux, the 1 quart token is listed as CNPI 1500 in the Third Edition of "The
Guide Book" by Taylor and James.
Ebenezer Roger (sic) Chugg was born near Ottawa on December 20, 1869, some six miles along
the Decline / Deschenes (sic) Road on the Quebec side of the Ottawa River. Brought up in a farming area,
it was quite natural for Eb. Chugg to begin working for dairy people at an early age. Among
these dairies was that of E. Honeywell, who is also known for his dairy tokens.
In 1892, Chugg rented a farm known as Dr. Graham's place, on the Pink Concession Road, some
five miles north-west of Ottawa. Using a team and express wagon in summer and a sleigh in
winter, Chugg began his own milk delivery. It must have been extremely hard work running a
dairy for himself, with cows to milk by hand twice a day and a long wagon trip to the city
before his deliveries began. On Saturday, it was even more difficult with two home deliveries
to make. It was sometime during this period from 1892 until 1900 when Eb Chugg began to use
dairy tokens, but there is no record of how many were ordered or when.
In April of 1900 the Chuggs sold their dairy herd and moved into Ottawa. By obtaining his
milk under contract with several farmers, he was able to spend more time on deliveries and
work better hours. Soon afterwards, on April 26, 1900, fire struck Ottawa causing widespread
damage, including the destruction of the Chugg home. Discouraged by this setback and faced
with the need to buy or build a new home in Ottawa, Eb and his wife, Mary, decided to leave
the City. They were able to rent a farm on Aylmer Road from Mrs. Bessey, the daughter of
E.B. Eddy, which was located some five miles west of Hull, Quebec. At this time a number of
milk delivery companies had combined to form the Ottawa Dairy, so Eb. made no more home
Six years later the Chugg family left Ottawa district on a Settler's Train for the west,
taking their four children and two cars of livestock, supplies and personal effects. They
settled south-east of what is now Granum, Alberta and began wheat farming. Mary Chugg passed
away on April 6, 1908 but Eb. Chugg lived to the age of 94 years before he died on February 3,
Their daughter, Mrs. Henry Lang of Granum, very kindly made known the family history given
here. Mrs. Lang can recall playing with a bag of tokens as a child but cannot locate and
believes they have long since been lost or destroyed. The author is indebted also to Mr. Fred
Bowman, Major Sheldon S. Carroll and Mr. Arthur Graham, a grandson of the Dr. Graham mentioned
in this article, for their assistance.
Note from Michael Philip Chugg, great grandson of Philip Elisha Chugg - who was brother to
We have evidence from eyewitness accounts in this article that Eb Chugg was the originator
and owner of the E. Chugg dairy tokens. Donald Stewart conversed with these witnesses
personally. This article ties the existence of the Chugg family to Mrs. Bessey, the Ottawa
Dairy, the area immediately north of Ottawa and to the tokens themselves. The presence of the
addresses of the Chugg homes prior to and after 1900 is documented in the Directories scans
of the Library and Archives Canada and can be seen online. The census documentation of
Eb Chugg and his family can also be seen in the census scans of Library and Archives Canada,
and can be viewed online.
At this point in time, July 2009, there exist seven coins housed in the Bank of Canada Coin
Museum. Additionally, there exist two coins in the American Numismatic Association Vault on
Varick Street in Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA.
Ebenezer Roger Chugg is a misspelling or a reflection of the lack of background information
of his name. The research of Thelma Thompson Hartman, great granddaughter of Philip Elisha
Chugg, brother of Ebenezer, points out that the boys were grandsons of John Chugg and Mary
Rogers Chugg of Barnstaple, England. The parents are actually buried in Heanton Punchardon
churchyard named as Jugg, but the children were all buried as Chugg. Ebenezer Chugg's middle
name is Rogers, not Roger and reflects the remembrance of his grandmother's family.
Additionally Wallace Seager Chugg, a successful Manhattan businessman and son of a third
brother John Chugg of Ottawa, was given the name Seager as a middle name because it was the
married last name of John Chugg's aunt in Barnstaple, Ann Chugg Seager. It therefore fits
appropriately that Eb was Ebenezer Rogers Chugg.
The "Decline Road" is simply a misunderstanding of the correct road. In her book, The Chugg
Family History, Nellie Chugg Lang, mentioned in this article, points out that the Chugg
family lived along the Deschenes Road in a log cabin. This is the correct location of the
family homestead. Nellie left out several key facts about the Chugg family in this article.
Philip Chugg was a highly educated man who left Barnstaple for Deschenes Road. He married
twice, first to Deborah Routliffe - daughter of George and Alydia Routliffe, and then to
Cathrine Davis. He chose the profession of wagon maker. The Chugg's had five sons, Philip
Elisha, Ebenezer Rogers, Charles Robert, John and William. In the Directories the sons can
be seen at times as laborers, trimmers, and millhands. Never are they listed as farmers. The
land records show that only Ebenezer Chugg was a land holder of land significant enough in
size to farm. The tradition of the Chugg family throughout Canada has been that they have
held down various jobs while farming. Even my own father followed this tradition. The Chugg
boys were a successful group of young men and took advantage of every opportunity to advance
themselves. The dairy was not a one man operation. The brothers were involved. In fact the
leader of the entire operation was Cathrine Davis, their mother. The history book tells of
how Cathrine would walk the six miles in to Ottawa to sell eggs, milk and butter. The boys
learned from their mother and father. When Ebenezer moved to Alberta, Philip Elisha also
moved. Both were land owners within a mile of each other. Their brother in law bought land
adjacent to Philip Elisha. Brother Charles moved to Parkbeg, Saskatchewan. John stayed in
Ottawa and raised several generations of Chuggs under one roof. William died during a railroad
accident before the age of 20.
In Alberta Philip Elisha and Ebenezer farmed close to each other. One article from the
Lethbridge Herald indicates that Philip Elisha was one of the first millionaire wheat farmers
of Southern Alberta. Other articles demonstrate his success with cattle purchases and his
prize winning animals. Yet other articles mention his son's activities in dairy businesses.
Ebenezer operated a dairy in one form or another, a grain operation and ranchland. He retired
to Claresholm, Alberta when cataracts forced him out of farming and prevented him from driving.
Charles died by middle age in Saskatchewan. The Chugg family includes diversely successful
offspring. One family owned a successful cable operation. Another member was Alberta's famous
film commissioner. A brother headed up the video production company. One is a history professor
in British Columbia. Several were or are RCMP officers. Some work in the federal government
in various capacities. Many still farm and ranch in the Ottawa area and in Alberta. Many were
nurses and teachers and there were quite a few preachers and missionaries as well.
It is fitting that the E. Chugg dairy tokens are housed in two of the western hemisphere's
most prestigious coin and token repositories. The connection of this family with the
Confederation, with the growth of Bytown into the nation's capital, with the immigrant and
settler experience and with the connection between Quebec and Ontario along the Ottawa River
is a connection that can still be viewed today when one observes an E. Chugg Dairy Token.
I am honored to be a part of this distinctive Canadian family.
Images courtesy of: L. David Bergeron, M.A.
National Currency Collection - Bank of Canada/
Collection nationale de monnaies - Banque du Canada
My thanks also for correspondence, research, CNJ article, and .jpg scans to:
Scott Douglas - a member of the Canadian Numismatic Research Society, Scott has written
numerous articles on numismatics that have been published in various club journals and
newsletters. Scott is a Charter member of the South Wellington Coin Society serving as the
Society's first President and currently as Vice President, archivist and club historian. He
is a past President and Vice President of the Buffalo Numismatic Association. He is also
currently the Vice President of the London Numismatic Society and is Vice President and
Secretary/Treasurer of the Canadian Association of Token Collectors.
Ron Greene - For almost forty years Ron has been an active researcher and writer of British
Columbia and Canada's numismatic history, publishing many articles and a book. He is a past
President of the Canadian Numismatic Research Society, Past President of the Canadian Paper
Money Society. A recipient of the Royal Canadian Mint Medal for Numismatic Education in 1991
and the J. Douglas Ferguson Award in 1986. Apart from numismatics Ron has served as chairman
of the Victoria's Heritage Advisory Committee, President of the Victoria Civic Heritage Trust
and Chairman of the Maritime Museum of B.C. Foundation. He won the Heritage Canada Regional
Award of Honour in 1982.
Scans purchased by Michael Chugg from the ANS have not been used in this article, but my
thanks goes out to Robert Hoge for his efforts in the first location of any E. Chugg tokens.
Robert W. Hoge
Curator of North American Coins and Currency American Numismatic Society
75 Varick Street, 11th Floor
New York, NY 10013
August 20, 2009:
In rereading Karen Prytula's listing of the children of George and Alydia Routliffe, for
about the thirtieth time, I have finally put together more of the Chugg Routliffe connection.
Why were Philip Chugg and Edmond Bartlett the witnesses at John Irish's wedding?
Karen points out that Philip Chugg was married to Deborah Routliffe, Edmond Bartlett was
married to Sarah Routliffe, and John Irish was married to Arabelle (Arabella?) Routliffe.
So finally, the picture of John Irish and the wedding register, as located on the Roots of
Eoghann website and the Chugg wiki, link these four families inextricably! My questions
about why and how great great grandpa Philip Chugg knew these two men are now answered with:
they were his brothers in law. The marriage register then points out that the Routliffe
girls were pretty close at the time of John Irish's wedding, because they had both Edmond and
Philip at the wedding.
How amazing to know that the Irish, Chugg, Bartlett, and Routliffe families as well as all
other Routliffe families under George Routliffe, are all related.
A further FYI for those who don't know it - Edmond Bartlett lived in the town of Aylmer and
was the blacksmith. Philip Chugg was a wheelwright. We also know that Philip and John were
not in the good graces of the Routliffe family. When Deborah died, Philip remarried to
Cathrine Davis and sired five sons.
Hope this adds a little info to the understanding of those early days in "South Hull".
Michael Philip Chugg
October 27, 2009:
Hi Al and all,
Hope all is well. I think it is important to add a few Ottawa names attached to the
Chugg family ,to add additional perspective.
Philip Chugg's homestead was on the Pink's Concession Road. Philip farmed as well as
was a wagon maker. It was his son Ebenezer who rented both the Graham farm and Ella
Bessey's farm. When she sold the land, Eb rented Skid's farm (Skead) on Aylmer Road.
Eb also owned dairy farmland after renting the Skid's farm, east of Ottawa on the
Montreal Road. Eb followed fellow dairymen Mr. Blair and Mr. Ellis out to Leavings
(Granum, Alberta). His brother Philip Elisha Chugg farmed in Fort MacLeod. Philip
Chugg the father, was also the brother-in-law to Edmond Bartlett of Aylmer and John
Irish through their marriages to the Routliffe sisters.
Eb's first wife, Mary Fitzpatrick is recorded in the Chugg Family History Book as
having worked before their marriage for the Bronson family. She spent the summers
looking after their children on an island in the St. Lawrence. This book, written
by Eb's daughter Nellie Chugg Lang, also reports that Eb Chugg learned the dairy
business while working as a youngster for the Honeywell Dairy. Additionally there
is an anecdote about friendly discourse that occurred between the Eb Chugg family
and the Ward family.
Mary Fitzpatrick's cousin, Dalton Fitzpatrick moved west and was a favorite "uncle"
to all of the Southern Alberta Chugg clan. The Lethbridge Newspaper had article
write-ups about the various Chugg family members visiting the Dalt Fitzpatrick
family over the years. Even my grandfather visited Dalt Fitzpatrick. As Eb and
Philip Elisha married two of the Thompson sisters of Wakefield, Quebec, at least
two of the Thompson brothers farmed and lived for awhile with the Chugg family
north of Fort Macleod, Alberta.
It is my belief that Philip Chugg is probably buried in Pink Mountain cemetery.
He farmed close by but died at the Deschenes Road location. Eb's marriage registry
was witnessed by Charles Pink. The Chugg Family History Book states that Eb buried
one of his infant children in Pink's Mountain Cemetery. And Lynn Routliffe records
on her website that there is written documentation from a Routliffe that Eb Chugg
bought three plots in the cemetery but that they were never occupied. Philip Elisha
and John Chugg also paid for plots in Beechwood Cemetery in the mid 1890's as is
documented on the Chugg wiki. Many Chugg family members are buried there close their
cousins, the Milks Family. Philip's second wife, Catharine Davis was sister to Sarah
Davis Milks. Catharine's son John Chugg married his cousin Anna Ada Milks (Sarah's
We located the whereabouts of the Chugg cottage on Orlo Road owned by John Chugg
in 1913 at Blue Sea Lake. The cottage still exists and is in the ownership of John
Chugg's great, great grandson, John Mitchell. We also located John Mithcell's
grandmother and mother, (through John Mitchell), who had been raised respectively
by their grandfather and great grandfather, John Chugg (of Frank Street, Ottawa)
and by two of his daughters. Over five years of searching brought us to John Mitchell
through the Blue Sea Lake Website and bulletin board. The Chugg Mitchell cottage
has been restored and looks in great shape thanks to John Mitchell. I was able to
speak with his mother, Sharon Craik Mitchell for two hours one night this past
September. Sharon was the daughter of Grace Chugg and a Mr. Craik ( Ottawa's famous
boxer?). She was raised by John Chugg and was able to shed light on her great
grandfather as well as on her grandfather Earl Minto Chugg and on Eb Chugg.
Eb would visit his brother John out east during some summers.
So the only missing link in the entire attempt to learn about the Chugg family
is the resting place of the patriarch, Philip Chugg and of his first wife, Deborah
Routliffe. It has been a fascinating journey and perhaps so fitting that the quest
for Philip taught the family so much about our Canadian history and connected so
many of us together through the internet as well as via telephone.
Al and Ken, your leads and postings really made this all possible. I thank you so
much for assisting us in solving so many unanswered questions.
October 16, 2010:
To Al Lewis,
I have been driving highway 2 from Fort MacLeod, Alberta to Calgary for over
forty years. I was always puzzled and confused about a grave marker I saw
which was located outside the fence of the Granum, Alberta cemetery. I
stopped recently and discovered the beautiful stone marks the resting place
of a woman named Mary Fitzpatrick. Sept, 1865 - April 16, 1908. Also
affectionately written on the stone the words "Beloved wife of E.R. Chugg.
It is very obvious to me that the memorial marker was placed long after
Mary's passing away in 1908. What is confusing is that the grave is outside
of the cemetery. Perhaps back in 1908 the logistics and surveys were not
reliable. In a sad way passing by I always wondered how this person was laid
to rest outside the cemetery.
I am writing this note to you because after I read the names on the grave
stone I goggled E.R. Chugg and discovered a email dated February 24, 2007.
You may well be aware of the information that this total stranger is sending
to you today. However I am sincere and trust that it may be helpful in some
small way. lonesome
Now when I am rolling down the hi-way smiling I say hello to Mary and E.R.
It is a lonesome scene, the grave and marker is outside the Granum Cemetery
fence. It makes me feel good to be able to be a friend passing by just to
say hello so they won't feel isolated and friendless and cut off. The others
laid to rest behind the fence and tree line are missing the excitement of
all the many travellers passing through. I believe Mary and E.R. are keeping
their neighbours inside informed of all the excitement on the outside.
May all your campfires be as open and as warm as your hearts.
David W. Johnston
Grave Marker of Mary Fitzpatrick. Sept, 1865 - April 16, 1908. Also
affectionately written on the stone the words "Beloved wife of E.R. Chugg"
July 24, 2010:
A possible neighborly link between Aylmer/Hull families is documented in the 1881 census for Hull.
I have enclosed an image of the census page.
It lists the Grimes family at the top of the page, followed by Samuel and Elizabeth Edey family (age 31),
Luther and Maryan Edy family (aged 59) although listed at 104 not 106, Philip (aged 60) Chugg and Catherine Chugg
and family at 108 and finally Nickolas and Jane Dawson (aged 49) and family at 109.
I know this is not from 1808 and the militia list, but thought it may still assist in placing the Edey family
alongside other farming families in the Aylmer / Hull area in the last decade of the 1800's.
Source: Library and Archives, Canada - URL as shown in the image below
December 11, 2010:
Source for text below:
Pioneers of the Upper Ottawa and the Humors of the Valley, by Anson Gard - Our Roots / Nos Racines
Publication information Ottawa: Emerson, n.d.. Pioneers of the Upper Ottawa and the
Humors of the Valley. Gard, Anson Albert., page 9 and image 23
Keywords: Mousseau, James Skead, Allen, McVeity, Mackeral, Moore, McConnell, Ashworth
October 14, 2012:
Hope all is well.
The following volume: Farming : [Vol. 13, no. 3 (Nov. 1895)]
Toronto : Bryant Press, ; 102 pages Page 137 details the winning entries in the
1895 Ottawa exhibition.
On page 137 Gill and Chugg (Ottawa) receive second place for a litter of 5 pigs
(Berkshires)under three months. In the next sentence in the paragraph on Yorkshires
entered in the same exhibition, winners included J. Featherstone M.P., Streetsville,
W.h. and C.H. McNish, J.G. Clarke, (Ottawa) and E.B. Eddy (Hull). Mr. Featherstone
won all four first place prizes. (This man may be related to the large Featherstone
family from Goulbourn Township
The only documented Chugg farm of the time was that of the dairy farm of Ebenezer
Rogers Chugg, next to that of E B Eddy. The Chugg boys had homes in Ottawa. Here
we see the men in friendly competition with the swine.
Chugg and Gill are also noted in:
Canadian poultry review : [Vol. 18, no. 11 (Nov. 1895)]
Toronto : H.B. Donovan, ; 16 pages
for their third, first and second place showings in the S.C. cock, hen, pullet
and cockerel classes.
Eb and his brother Philip Elisha Chugg (my great grandfather) continued to show
their animals in the exhibitions in Lethbridge, Alberta from 1914 on and are noted
in the Lethbridge Herald. Philip Elisha placed second one year for his
showing of his Scottish imported pedigree clydesdale, King of the Gatineau.
I find it fascinating to continue to piece together small tidbits of the connections
between the Chugg family and life,
neighbors and friends in and around Bytown.
I must learn more about Gill.
Milford CT USA
October 17, 2012:
I am the granddaughter of Hector Chugg (buried Pinecrest Cemetery and Evelyn Burke
(buried Notre Dame Cemetery) of Ottawa. My parents are Patricia Chugg and Merrill
Allard of Chapeau, Quebec. I am the third eldest of eleven children.
For your information, I am sending you the death notice of my dear aunt Carrie Chugg
Manley who was in contact with you in the past along with the newspaper notice of my
parents 60th wedding anniversary.
... Mrs. Cloutier
October 19, 2012:
Teresa and All;
The cousin that passed away this summer was:
MITCHELL, Sharon (nee: Craik)
Peacefully at the Winchester Memorial Hospital on Monday, August 13, 2012 in her 72nd
year, after a courageous battle with Cancer. Lovingly raised in Ottawa by her Aunts
Grace Chugg (nee Peake) and Bea Chugg. Dear mother to Cathy (Bob Lachapelle), Debbie
(Dave Power), John and Jay. Loving grandmother to Shannon, Joshua, Julianne, Matthew,
William and Bobbi-Lee. Great-grandmother (Gigi) to Sarah. Sharon was grateful for her
many caring friends, her gentle golden lab "Nile" and for a lifetime of summers spent
at her favourite place on Blue Sea Lake. Friends may visit Byers Funeral Home, 2990
Church Street, South Mountain, Ontario on Monday, August 20 from 2 - 4 p.m. Those
wishing may make donations to the Ottawa Humane Society.
(Published in The Ottawa Citizen from August 16 to August 18, 2012)
... Kenneth Armstrong
November 27, 2015:
On my reproduction map of the neighbors along Aylmer Road,(as recounted by Anson
A. Gard) I often wondered why Philip Chugg and Deborah Routliffe Chugg were
separated from George Routliffe land. In re-reading Karen Prytula's search for
Hanna Allen, I stumbled across her mention that William Allen was the son of
Ruggles Allen and Mary Routliffe. This finally made sense. The farms were all
Routliffe land parceled off (in a row) to the children. Additionally an 1832 map
that I found has Chugg written in on the land and west of that land was Stott land.
Later on, one of the Stott boys would marry an Allen daughter. The land still
remained through a few generations as being within the Routliffe family. I think
one of Eb Chugg's dairies prior to his moving west was back on his father's
original Routliffe homestead. The only documentation I have is a census noting
his movement back to the Aylmer Road and a census listing at that location.
Great to sit and ponder the linkages on your online archive.
All the best!
... Michael Philip Chugg
Warren Soper, Thomas Ahearn