William Frederick BRENNAN and Miriam / Mary Ann RICHARDSON
To Bytown / Ottawa, Canada in the 1820's

July 3, 2014:

I'd like to see anything I can that pertains to my gggrandfather William Frederick Brennan who was an Irish canal 
stonemason (on the Rideau Canal) from 1828 until the canal was completed, when he settled on 300 acres of land 
he had a land grant from a William Peter Fraser, opened a tavern, became a RC church warden, and died of unknown 
causes in 1842. 

He was buried in the Notre Dame Cemetery, his wife, born a Baptist American, converted and joined him there in 1844.
Is there anything left of the Notre Dame Cemetery? I know portions of it were moved, and might explain how 
my gggrandfather, his wife, AND her mother are all in one grave. 

Who would I contact regarding seeing a pocket watch of my gggrandfather's that was donated by a distant cousin 
to the Ottawa Historical Society sometime in the 1970's?

Is there a list of the 40 laborers that were given land grants?

Thank you.

... Linda Gallagher
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Good morning, Linda:
  
Notre Dame Cemetery has been in full operation since its inception in the 1800's. Some of the very early 
grave markers may have been removed because, over time, they became a danger to visitors, especially to 
children. Your GGGrandparents marker may well be there. We will have to check with the cemetery to find out. 

As to the pocket watch, I believe that the Historical Society of Ottawa has transferred all of their artifacts 
to the Bytown Museum. This museum is located on Wellington Street at the head locks of the Rideau Canal in 
downtown Ottawa, beside the East Block of our Parliament Buildings. You could e-mail them directly about 
the pocket watch -- they have a web site. The Historical Society of Ottawa also has a web site (google them). 
Their president is Mr. George Neville.
  
Concerning the grant of land which your GGGfather received from William Peter Fraser, I believe that this 
man was a United Empire Loyalist who had been granted a large amount of land in the Ottawa area because 
of his loyalty to the British Crown after the American War of Independence. There is a UEL association in 
Ottawa who may be able to help you out on this and their Branch of the UEL organization is named after 
Sir Guy Carleton.
  
 I'm a volunteer at the Ottawa Branch of the Ontario Genealogical Society and will be at their library 
 on Tuesday. I'll have a look there and see what I can find. We are partners with the City of Ottawa Archives 
 who are in the same building.

... Al
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Hi Al:

I will make the contacts you suggested this weekend, and let you know what these folks say, if any get 
back to me...please stay in touch! 

I have seen the Bytown Museum website, so I am familiar with it. My distant cousin and I have been working 
for more than 30 years on the family's history, and you and Ellen Paul have been far more helpful than 
ANYONE else...(Ellen first found my gggrandfather, a stonemason, on the McCabe's List more than 15 years ago 
and got me started on what I know today, she also was able to confirm for me, just recently, that my 
suspicions about William living and dying a Roman Catholic were true (despite the fact that he married an 
American Baptist who was the daughter and granddaughter of Baptist ministers - even stranger is the fact 
that she converted, presumably to be buried with her husband...but her mother must have, too, as she is 
ALSO buried in Notre Dame, in a single grave with her daughter and son in law). I had ALWAYS been led to 
believe that the Brennans were Protestant...LOL

FYI-The children, six in all that lived past childhood, including twin daughters, all found their way to 
Michigan as teens after their oldest brother, my great grandfather, emigrated to work on the railroad in Michigan - 
except for the youngest, who emigrated to Malone, New York, working his way through college to pass the bar, 
becoming an officer and war hero in the Civil War, then a senator for the state of New York, until his 
suicide from arsenic in 1881. He apparently got involved in some sort of government scandal...
I will have time to look into that some day, too. 

... Linda
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Hi Al, just to update you on my recent family history work prior to our trip to Ottawa...

With the help of Glenn Clark and Grant Vogl, president of the Gloucester Township Historical Society 
and Exhibits Curator at the Bytown Museum, respectively, I now know exactly where my great-great grandfather 
William Frederic Brennan's 300 acres was located...on the Rideau Front just south of what was once the 
Hogs Back. I also know that at some point he sold or gave 100 acres of that land to his 
brother Thomas, as the 1837 Gloucester Township Assessment showed both as owners of adjoining property on 
the Rideau River. Which was proof that Thomas did indeed emigrate to Canada sometime after 1833 with his wife Mary,
- no children listed. 

And that's all I've been able to find out. Thomas could not be found in any census or burial data at all after that. 

Grant's efforts to locate the silver pocket watch that my cousin donated to the Ottawa Historical Society 
in 1965 have been fruitless...so far...and I have not yet heard back from Notre Dame as to the location of 
William's grave in the Notre Dame Cemetery.
 
Gary Bagley, of the Guy Carleton Chapter of the UEL, told me that there were several William Frasers 
that were UEL's...I was able to determine through my old family papers here that Peter Fraser actually 
sold the 300 acres to my ancestor, acting as executor for his deceased father William, who was Captain 
of a troop of the King's Royal Rangers, and had originally hailed from New York state, where he lost 
his family farm to the Americans. That was of great interest to Glenn Clark as he was then able to 
trace the ownership of that land all the way from complete wilderness to the present day. It's mostly a 
subdivision today, near Otterson Road (named after the Otterson family) and Riverside Drive. 

... Linda
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Hi Linda:
  
You've had some great success and congratulations with your work!
  
Is it OK with you if I add your latest e-mail to a new web page on our site. Who knows, someone else may 
have more information for you. Please let me know.
  
I'm also sending a copy of this e-mail to Mary Quinn who has done a lot of work on the early settlers in 
that area of Ottawa. Hi Mary!
  
... Al
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By all means, Al, post away.

I would like to see the Bytown Museum, and meet Grant, as well as the area where the land is located, 
part of the Canal, the area where the Hogs Back is, and go to the cemetery, hopefully with the info on 
where the graves are located...at one time there was a headstone, I'm told. Wouldn't it be wonderful 
to find that...I did check the gravestone index, but William's gravestone isn't listed, undoubtedly 
because it's illegible by now. 

Since we'll also be traveling with my English Setter, who has been quite ill and not at all up to spending 
five days in a kennel, any time we spend inside a building must be spent with just one of us at a time, 
the other outside with the dog, or in the air conditioned car with the dog. I'm aware that we may have 
to pay quite a bit for parking, and walk quite a ways...much of what we're all up to doing will be up 
to the temperature that morning...I don't foresee any issues with any of the above agenda except with 
the Bytown Museum, which I know is right downtown, and I'm quite certain my husband will happily snooze 
outside under a tree while I do that...LOL..please let us know when we get a bit closer to the 17th 
where you'd like to meet us. 

Do you have any more suggestions on what might help Grant find that watch? I gave him all the info I had, 
but he has NO record of it, and no watch that would be from that time period. That's my only major 
disappointment right now...

... Linda
_____________________________

another question for you...William Brennan paid 100 pounds for his property in 1831. He also at that time 
had a wife and at least one child to support, so I'm wondering how he managed to save the money to buy 
that property in just 3-4 years...do you have any idea what masons were paid? Do you think it's unusual 
that he would have been able to save that much money? If my info from the 1833 Tithe Applotment records 
in his native County Sligo of Ireland is correct, his brother Thomas was renting just six acres of land 
in 1833, which indicates to me that the Brennans did not have much financial backing in Ireland. I am 
very curious as to how he was able to be in possession of that much money...the bill of sale does not 
mention a mortgage or time payments or anything like that. 

I have the language of both the bill of sale and the grant here, will forward it to you if you are interested.

... Linda
___________________________

Hi Linda:

I don't know what skilled masons were paid but they were in demand. There were lots of unskilled labourers 
who worked on the canal and were poor, but not destitute as were the famine immigrants who came here in 1847. 
Someone who was careful with his money from work on the canal would possibly be able to save enough to buy 
300 acres in 1831; for sure if he had brought some money with him from Ireland as many did. He 
may have had the foresight to realize that the work on the Rideau Canal was coming to an end during the
next year and bought up some land anticipating that it could be subdivided and re-sold to the labourers 
who were about to become unemployed.
  
Also, you mentioned that you have some early records of the transaction between the Loyalist Fraser family and 
your William Brennan. Any chance that you could send them to me to include on the web site? I have an 1827 map 
of this area showing the property as it was held by individual Loyalists and your material would make a 
nice addition to our site. Most researchers do not get back as far as the property held by the Loyalists.
  
 I'll see if I can find the exact location of the early Brennan family this week. I know where the Otterson 
 farms were located. If we have the lot number and concession from the bill of sale, we should be able to 
 get photographs of the original property.
  
 Mary, do you have any record of a William Brennan being in the Mooney's Bay / Hog's Back area. I remember a 
 terrific early document which you had located for the early settlers in that part of Gloucester Township
  
 Thanks again for this.
  
 ... Al
____________________________

Thanks to Mary Quinn for the following:

My records show: 
1834 Poll Book County of Russell
 
 William Brenan - south 1/2 of Lot 1 Concession 2 (voted for D O'Connor) (Daniel Oconnor)
 
1835 Russell Twnsp Census
 
 Dennis Brennan
 
 William Brennan
 
(LAC M7735)
 
1836 Russell Twnsp Census
 
Dennis Brennan
 
Patrick Brennan
 
William Brennan
 
William Brennan
 
1837 Russell Twnsp Census
 
Patrick Brennan
 
Patrick Brennan
 
Thomas Brennan
 
William Brennan
 
1839 Russell Township Census
 
Thomas Brennan
 
William Brennan


hope this helps

... Mary Quinn
____________________________

Mary, thank you very much for looking this up! Actually, it's very helpful, as it pretty much establishes 
Thomas Brennan, William Brennan's brother, as arriving in Canada sometime in 1836-or, at least, he did 
not take over ownership of a part of William's property until 1837. I know he was still in Ireland in 1833.

Can you tell me if any of the other Brennans shown lived in the vicinity of William's property? 
I've looked at some of them, but could not establish a relationship to William. 

Linda Gallagher
Central Lake, Michigan
_________________________________

Only the 1834 Poll Book shows a location and William is the only recorded Brennan at that time - 
I am working with a summary of the other documents but you might want to check the Library and Archives Canada
(LAC) - the reel number was sent in the previous email - you have to register for a visitor pass and they 
don't usually issue them on the weekend.
... Mary
_____________________________

Al:

I have the exact language of the bill of sale as well as the language of the grant, although I did not transscribe 
the entire thing, as it went on for pages...I will send it over to you tonight!

To further complicate matters, I am now looking into my ggggrandfather, David Richardson, William's father in law, 
a Revolutionary War veteran who collected a pension for a short time before emigrating to Quebec with his wife 
and family 1801-1803 where he bought a farm somewhere in the Ottawa area, then sold it, bought another, and 
eventually ended up back in Compton, Quebec, where his family lived for a few years prior to moving to Ottawa. 

At first I had thought he might have traveled with Philemon Wright, the timing would have been right, but now I 
am not so sure, given the fact that he obviously set down roots for at least a few years in Compton, Quebec, 
but for all I know that might have been next door to Hull... (I think that Compton is in the Eastern Townships ... Al)

 Why do I think there might be a connection with Philemon Wright? Because a Daniel Wyman traveled with Wright 
 on his first expedition, and David Richardson and Daniel Wyman were cousins...both with deep roots in 
 Woburn, Massachusetts. 

I will send over the bill of sale and grant info...thanks for the info on how William might have come by his money!

Linda
___________________________

Here's the language of the grant that I transcribed:


Grant 

Written by Ruth Tawney--The following is a copy of the text of an original land grant on sheepskin, signed 
September 4, 1800 by Peter Hunter, Lt. Governor, conveying 300 acres of land then in Russell County, Ontario, 
Canada, to one William Fraser. The original document, in possession of Mr. and Mrs. James Tawney, was acquired 
by gift to Mrs. Tawney from the widow of her uncle Robert Brennan (my grandfather) who had acquired it from 
his father. The initials of George II are in the upper left hand corner of the grant. 

"GEORGE the THIRD, by the grace of GOD, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, and so Forth. 
To all to whom these Presents shall come, GREETING, Know Ye, that we of our special grace, certain knowledge, 
and mere motion have Given and Granted, and by these presents DO GIVE and GRANT unto William Fraser of the 
Township of Edwardsburg in the County of Grenville in the District of Johnstown of our said Province Esquire 
his heirs and assigns forever; ALL that parcel or tract of land situate in the Township of Gloucester in the 
County of Russell in the Eastern District in our said Province, containing by admeasurement Three hundred 
acres be the same more or less; being Lot Number One above Lot Twenty Five near the Center of the said 
Township of Gloucester, together with all the woods and waters thereon lying, and being under the reservations, 
limitations, and conditions, herein after expressed: which said Three Hundred acres of land are butted and 
bounded or may otherwise be known as follows:
 
that is to say Commencing on the River Rideau in the limits between Lot Number One and Two then north sixty degrees 
east one hundred and fifty one chains, then northerly parallel to the River twenty chains, then south sixty 
six degrees west one hundred and fifty one chains to the river and then southerly along the Edge of the River 
against the stream to the place of beginning. 
 
To have and to hold...

etc., etc., 

I certainly hope I'm not drowning you with all of this information...

William's land was located on the Rideau River about a mile south of the Hogs Back just north of the 
railroad in Carleton County, Gloucester Township, just south of Ottawa. 
Looks like it's just west of a little burg called Gateville (the southern part of Billing's Bridge Settlement). 

I am including the link to the 1880 Gloucester Township plat map, of course by that time, William had been gone 
38 years, his wife 36 years, and the land was long sold. 

But if you look at the enclosed link I'm sending, which you can enlarge, then scroll down along the River to 
where it says BS&E Line, there's a hotel marked there. Just west of there is property owned by Michael Gleeson, 
then G and NO Otterson, then Joseph Nelligan.
 
That is the land marked off on the faded old plat map I have here that apparently belonged to William Brennan. 
Obviously, it had been subdivided as the area grew. 

http://digital.library.mcgill.ca/countyatlas/images/maps/townshipmaps/car-m-gloucester.jpg


... Linda
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Hi Al:

I remember now that I didn't fully transcribe the bill of sale because it is a very old copy that 
is very hard to read...here's what I can see...

Memorial of a Bargain and Sale from Peter Fraser to William Brennan. Recorded at 5 p.m. Friday, the 21st of 
February, 1834, in Book 6 ....  (illegible signature) Register. 
District of Bathurst

A memorial to the Registered pursuant to the Statue in that case made and provided-of an indenture, dated the 17th 
day of September in the Year of our Lord 1831. Made between Peter Fraser of the Township of Oxford acting executor 
of William Fraser of the one part, and William Brennan of the Township of Nepean Yeoman of the other part, 
purporting to be a Deed of Bargain and Sale, whereby the said Peter Fraser, for and in consideration of 100 pounds 
of Lawful Money of Upper Canada, hath Granted, Bargained, Sold, Aliened, Transferred, Conveyed, and Confirmed 
unto the said William Brennan, his heirs and assigns forever all and singular...that certain parcel or tract of 
land and premises (?) lying and being in the Township of Gloucester, County of Rusell, Ottawa District, formerly 
called the ? District, a province of Upper Canada containing by admeasurement 100 acres by the River more or 
less being composed of Lot Number One, above Lot Twenty Five near the Center of the said Township of Gloucester 
which 100 acres are in R??? of the two hundred acres, Lot Number One Pursuant to the Government Deed, 
that is to say 50 chains North, 56 degrees east then northerly 20 chains parallel with the two hundred acres 
in front of said Lot than south sixty six degrees then 51 chains to the ?? of the front two hundred acres of 
said Lot. 

Richard Garlick

I have a note here that says the Grant from William Fraser for 300 acres in the Township of Gloucester, 
District of Johnstown, Recorded in the Register's Office 30th November 1800 Liber P Folio 9 (could be G) 
signed Wm. B. Peters, Asst. Register
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Al:

Late last night I went through the records of the Bytown Gazette as they appear on your website. 
Unfortunately, nothing. The year 1842 wasn't there, sadly. But as William ran/owned a tavern, was the town 
clerk, and a church warden for ND, I had hoped there might be mention of him somewhere there. 

I am now trying to run down what I can on David Richardson...and a possible connection to Philemon Wright. 

Linda
_____________________________

Linda:

Hi Linda:
  
A couple of points this morning:
  
I'm cc'ing Karen Prytula on this e-mail. She is very knowledgable about our early history and people and is 
descended from Philomen Wright and may have a connection to the Richardsons. She is also connected to the 
Snow family and may be able to help you out. Hi Karen!
  
About the 1842 Bytown Gazette records. There is only a sample posted on our web site. Whatever years are 
available would be on a CD which contains early BMD's from Bytown and Ottawa newspapers. I have that CD 
here at home and will check it.
  
I really appreciate your transcription of the early UEL land grant to your ancestor. This will be a nice 
addition to our web site and will be another avenue for other researchers to explore.
  
... Al
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Before I leave here, I am going to make full copies of everything I've got for you, Al. 
I am really hoping that there might be SOMETHING in the Bytown Gazette as to his cause of death, 
as he was too young for it to have been a natural death (53 with small children at home) and he had 
time to write a will, which says "Being strong in mind but weak in body"...I am wondering if he was one 
of those Canal workers who contracted malaria one too many times. 

His wife died at an even younger age just two years later...Miriam died in 1844 at the age of 40. 
She was also ill-as she had the time to convert to Catholicism on her deathbed.

... Linda
__________________________________

Al:

I am enclosing what info I have on David Richardson for you and your friend Karen, all of which 
comes from the Richardson Memorial. Polly Dearborn's mother was a Snow, which goes back to the 
Mayflower. David's line of Richardsons was Thomas, Samuel, Stephen, Stephen, Ebenezer, Zebadiah, 
David...
 
Zebediah Richardson served nine months in the war of the Revolution. He resided in Plymouth, New Hampshire, USA, 
many years, in Amherst, New Hampshire, USA two years, in Sanford, Maine, USA,, two years then Fryeburg Maine 
for the remainder of his life. He was a Baptist minister and was pastor of the Baptist Church of Fryeburg 
from 1787 to 1805 when the church was dissolved. He then connected himself with the Baptist Church in Cornish, Maine, 
still residing in Fryeburg. He died from bilious cholic about 1820 in Sanford, ME, during a visit to that place. 
His wife Rebecca died in Fryeburg in 1822, age 82. 
 
Oldest son David, born in Nottingham West, (now Hudson) N.H., August 5, 1763, married 1790 Polly Dearborn. 
She died in Gloucester. Served three months in the army of the Revolution, for which near the close of his life 
he drew a pension. After marriage he lived on the farm of his wife’s uncle Peter Dearborn on Baker’s River in 
Plymouth, N.H. He owned land adjoining thereto, purchased of Enoch George in 1794. About 1799, he moved to 
Danville, Vermont, USA, and then to Compton, Canada East, in 1801 having purchased a farm in the south 
end of that town. In 1823 he sold it and bought another farm in what is now known as “Richardson’s Village” where 
he erected a grist mill. In 1827 or 1828 he sold again and removed with his wife and unmarried son David to 
Gloucester Township, near Ottawa, Canada West, where she died 1835. 
 
Some time after her remains, along with those of her daughter Miriam (1844) and her daughter’s husband William (1842) 
were re-interred in Ottawa, making but one grave, and the gravestone engraved only with the name of William Brennan.  
 
After Polly’s death, David returned to Compton to the home of his eldest son Samuel, where he passed on May 13, 1849. 
HIs youngest son David died unmarried prior to the writing of the Richardson Memorial in 1880? David's other 
living daughter moved to St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.  
 
Miriam, born in Compton, Canada East, May 19, 1804, married William Brennnan of Irish descent in 1828 in Montreal, 
they moved to Gloucester, Canada West, where both died.  
 
Infant daughter Cornelia died in infancy in 1829. Twin daughters Mary Ann and Eliza Ann born May 11, 1830. 
Son James Frederic born January 2, 1834. Matilda born January 22, 1838, William David born December 29, 1840. 

... Linda
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Good morning, all:
  
I was just having a look through the Notre Dame records from 1829 to 1855 (as transcribed by Ellen Paul). 

The godparents for all of the children were members of the early Roman Catholic elite in the fields of 
politics and business in early Bytown. See for example Daniel O'Connor who was the first mayor of Bytown. 
His brother, Richard O'Connor. These men were lawyers and one of the O'Connor sons had a farm and is 
shown on the 1879 map, possibly bought from your Brennan ancestor. Also, Charles Rowan 
and Thomas Corcoran were major players in business and land dealings. Other names mentioned are Patrick Hughes 
(I'm related to this family in the 1830's, Mary Quinnn may also be -- he was from County Armagh to South Gloucester), 
Anthony Cullen, William Tormay / Tormey. If you search for these names on my site, I have web pages for most of them.
  
Also, according to Mary's research, William Brennan voted for Daniel O'Connor in the 1836? election. Only land owners 
were allowed to vote at that time and the Catholics voted en masse for Daniel O'Connor.

... Al  
July 23, 2014:
My great grandfather, James Frederic Brennan, born 1834 in Bytown, William Brennan's oldest son. This is the only photo I have of him. ... Linda James Frederick Brennan, born in Bytown in 1834 Map of part of the Rideau Front, Gloucester Township, Upper Canada, 1825 Map of part of the Rideau Front, Gloucester Township, Upper Canada, 1825

New July 30, 2014:
The McVicar House in Fort William. (See family in 1881 census for Thunder Bay) Photo Source: Life in a Thundering Bay, edited by Tania L. Saj and Elle Andra-Warren, page 29 The McVicar home in Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada

E-mail Linda Gallagher, Mary Quinn, Karen Prytula, Michael Daley, Ellen Paul, Taylor Kennedy and Allan Lewis

Back to Bytown or Bust - History and Genealogy in the Ottawa, Canada, area -- Gloucester Township