People of the Algonquin First Nation have been in the Ottawa, Canada area since time immemorial.
(Source: Since Time Immemorial: "Our Story")
The former City of Hull, Quebec was first settled in the year 1800 by Philemon Wright who came from Woburn, Massachussets.
The Town of Bytown became the City of Ottawa on January 1, 1855.
The City of Ottawa, Ontario became the capital of Canada on July 1, 1867.
Today, the Ottawa / Gatineau region is the fourth largest urban area in Canada.
Where is Bytown / Ottawa / Gatineau ?
In 1862, the English novelist Anthony Trollope (1815-1882) witnessed the early stage of the construction of our Parliament Buildings and reported
I know of no modern Gothic purer of its kind or less sullied with fictitious ornamentation. Our own Houses of Parliament (in London) are very fine, but
it is, I believe, generally felt that the ornamentation is too minute; and moreover, it may be questioned whether perpindicular Gothic is capable of
the highest nobility which architecture can achieve. I do not pretend to say that these Canadian public buildings will reach that highest nobility,
they must be finished before any final judgment can be pronounced; but I do feel very certain that the final judgment will be greatly in their favour.
Source: Donald Smallery and Bradford Allen Booth, eds., Trollope, North America, New York, Knopf, 1951, page 72.
The name "Ottawa" is a misnomer. It refers to the Ottawa Indian Nation whose home was in the northern Lake Huron area and Manitoulin Island area.
The Ottawa Indians were in control of the Ottawa River Watershed only briefly - between 1681 and 1686. For the rest of our history, the
Algonquin Nation has been located in the Ottawa area, from at least 1,000 B.C. to the present time.
This web site is large -- over 1,700 web pages. You are on our main web page. All of
the web pages are linked together to form a history of the people and places of Eastern
Ontario and Western Quebec (see maps) to which area thousands of immigrants came in the 1800's.
Many of the original settlers stayed here in the City of Ottawa, the Ottawa Valley and the
Gatineau Valley. Many left to pioneer in other parts of North America.
Here are some maps from 1824-1827 which show the earliest settlers in what became the
town of Bytown. The pioneer families in Bytown and shown on the maps are Nicholas Sparks, Captain John Lebreton and
Justice Livius Sherwood. The government purchase of land at Parliament Hill is also shown.
Thanks to the the hundreds of contributors to this site it includes early folks of First Nations, English,
Irish, Scottish, French, Jewish, German, Polish, Italian, Vietnamese, Ukranian, Chinese and American origin.
If you are researching your UEL ancestors in the Ottawa area, try a search on our web site for "UEL", no quotes.
Here is a reference to the Sir Guy Carleton Branch of the United Empire Loyalists' Association of Canada.
The City of Ottawa main Immigration Web page .
Ici, on parle français et récherche aussi les histoires des familles françaises.
The Ordnance Department kept a list of property holders in Bytown in 1835. These are some of our earliest settlers.
In the early 1850's, a French-Canadian group formed L'Institut Canadien Français d'Ottawa. This organization consisted of
professionals and intellectuals who met for discussions and lectures regarding a wide range of ideas.
The year 2012 is the 160'th anniversary of the L'Institut.
The family of Antoine MORIN and Domithilde Blais came from Quebec to the City of Ottawa.
The Algonquin Nation populated the Ottawa and Gatineau Valleys for thousands of years, before the first
white settler (Philemon Wright) came to the north side of the Ottawa River from Woburn, Massachussetts, USA in the year 1800.
The first black man to arrive in Hull was London Oxford who came with the Philemon Wright group in 1800.
The first black family to arrive in Bytown / Ottawa seems to have been Perry Adams and his wife Henrietta Joyce who
baptized their child, Frances, in Bytown in 1844 at Notre Dame Cathedral on Sussex Drive.
If your ancestors were black, you can record their history (including old photos) on our Black History web page.
In the late 1970's, Vietnamese "Boat People" began arriving in the Ottawa area. For over two hundred years, Ottawa has
been a city and region built by immigrants.
Here is a list of persons who were born in Germany and who were in Ottawa in time for
the 1881 census. Immigrants from Germany began arriving in the nation's capital area about the time of Confederation.
Simultaneously, a lot of German pioneers settled in Renfrew County. The Romhild family settled in both Renfrew and Ottawa.
Italian families began arriving in Ottawa in the 1880's.
Paul-Antoine Lavoie has a web site for his LAVOIE and WHISSEL ancestors
in the Ottawa and Gatineau area. It also contains a lot of information regarding
early Quebec and Montreal area history and genealogy. The early family of Joseph Vezina
and Elizabeth Dupuis were in Bytown by 1829. This family settled in what is now Orleans.
To add your genealogy or local history research interests to this Web Site,
Note: There are many contributors to this Web Site and information found here
is for personal and non-financial use only. The copyright for material belongs to the
individual contributors. None of the information on this web site is to be reproduced
in any form without the permission of the contributor of the data.
In addition, we have a bibliography of historical sources for the background material
used on this web site and for some of my courses. We are also developing a bibliography for women's history and ethnic studies
and a Historiography of Immigrant History.
Dr. Lesa Ní Mhunghaile is doing research regarding the persons in our region who listed Irish as their mother tongue
in the 1901 census.
And, Professor Simon Jolivet, a post-doctoral researcher at the University of Ottawa, is working on a project involving
Irish and French Relations in Ottawa's Lower Town, c. 1920-1980.
May 14, 2013:
Mr. Phil Donnelly is looking for persons interested in the Ancestral Homes project to develop and market a new genealogy app,
under the working title 'ANCESTRAL HOMES'.
The Ireland Canada Monument project is a non- political, non sectarian, non profit endeavour created for the singular aim of providing recognition
to the significant Irish Contribution to Canada.
And here is a fascinating document, dated 1825, from Markethill, County Armagh, Ireland. It is a letter of recommendation
written for John Trainor by his Parish Priest as he embarks on his emigration to Canada. This letter would have been valuable
to John - it could help him secure employment or a land grant in Canada.
Recently an important event in Irish-Canadian history in the Ottawa area took place
with the creation of the Irish Canadian Cultural Centre. This group is located in
the 117 year old heritage building formerly known as St. Brigid's Church in Lowertown.
Austin Comerton produces and hosts The Gaelic Hour on CHIN 97.9 FM, Ottawa.
The Vintage Stock Theatre, Cumberland, Russell County, presents heritage conservation
and preservation through community theatre.
Some local, potential heritage buildings are threatened with demolition due to ever-expanding residential development.
Two good local organizations for historical and genealogical research are OBOGS and BIFHSGO.
The aggregation of the histories of the individual pioneer families forms a substantial part of the history of the Ottawa area after 1800.
Thanks to the many contributors to this site!
Thanks to Michael Daley, (who got me interested in this subject), for helping to
fit pieces of this puzzle together. Thanks also to Taylor Kennedy for his major
contribution of information on the Townships of Nepean and Huntley. The best academic sources
for this subject matter can be found in the published works of Carleton University's Professors Bruce Elliott
(pre-1875 migration and settlement), John Taylor (Canadian urban history), Dominique Marshall
(history of the Canadian family), Michel Hogue (Canadian Indigenous history) and Marilyn Barber (post-1875 Canadian Immigration).
This is an evolving web site which will be updated on a more or less daily basis.
Thanks to Mr. Bruce Hurley for sending in some information regarding the early
official crests of Bytown and the City of Ottawa. These crests are held by the
McCord Museum in Montreal and were designed by Mr. J. H. Walker.
Planning on visiting Ottawa on business or as a tourist? Watch this short video.
The Algonquin Nation in the Ottawa area
The word Ottawa is a derivative of the Algonquin word Adàwe which means
"to trade". The Algonquin Nation inhabited the Ottawa River Valley Watershed long
before the first white settlers arrived. For purposes of this web site,
the relevant geographical area of the Algonquins includes roughly the area from
Oka / Kanesatake in the east (on the Ottawa River near Montreal). It extends along the Ottawa
River to the west about as far as Mattawa. The Algonquins traditionally resided
along both sides of the Ottawa River and along its many tributaries on the Quebec
and Ontario sides. The Algonquin word for the River is Kitchi Sibi (Kitchissippi).
The 1881 Census records many of the prominent persons of Algonquin descent in
the River Desert area of Maniwaki.
Visit the Kitigan Zibi web site. The web site is maintained by the Algonquin
First Nation Band located in Maniwaki, Quebec.
The Surveyor-General of Canada from 1803 to 1814 was Joseph Bouchette. He was responsible for surveying
the townships of Onslow, Eardley, Hull, Templeton, Buckingham and Lochaber on the Quebec side of the Ottawa River.
This summer (2010), I'll be exploring some of the historic canoe routes in the Ottawa and Gatineau Valleys.
Early Settlement of the Ottawa area (1800-1820)
Map Source: Hurling Down the Pine, by Bond and Hughson, inside back cover
Mary Cox has written a chronological history of Bytown and early Ottawa.
Our local history is also documented in historical paintings and drawings and in the
development of literature in this area. The Fine Arts Department at Merivale High School
has a terrific program for its students.
Philemon Wright came to the Ottawa area in 1800 from Woburn, Massachusetts, USA. He founded
a Utopian agricultural settlement on the north side of the Grand (later called the Ottawa) River.
This site (later the City of Hull, and now called Gatineau, provided a better site
for settlement than the south side of the river - it had a more accessible shoreline,
caught the sun nicely during the daytime and had a better portage site around the Chaudiere
Falls. The falls provided a handy source of free energy (hydraulic power) to enable
the creation of mills. Philemon Wright was an entrepreneur. He took the first raft of square
timber to Quebec City in 1806, passing north of the island of Montreal and also operated
the first steamboat on the Grand River.
Here is an 1808 militia list for these early folks in Hull, Eardley and Onslow. It includes the name of many
of the pioneer families in our area. There is also a list of the men who served in the 1813 Militia of Hull.
Moses Edey, Samuel Edey
and Jane (Edey) Chamberlain came from Vermont, USA to Hull Township in 1805.
Gideon Olmstead and his wife Esther Andrews arrived in Marlborough Township in 1802.
Marlene is researching this family as well as the Scott and Foster surnames.
Lac Mousseau, now called Harrington Lake in the Gatineau Park, was named for Louis Mousseau
who was the first settler there. Lac Leamy, site of our popular Casino was named for an early
lumber baron, Andrew Leamy.
Aliette Lavoie is searching for information regarding the first cemeteries in
the Bytown / Gatineau area. Apparently there was a cemetery on Barrack's Hill -- now Parliament Hill during the time of the
Rideau Canal construction (1826-1832).
Lieutenant Colonel John By was sent to Ottawa to oversee surveying and construction of
the Rideau Canal between Ottawa and Kingston, Ontario. The Colonel By page contains a good map of early Bytown / Ottawa.
Another Royal Engineer was John Burrows, 1789-1848, who was the superintendent for the work on the Canal
and was a very good artist / painter.
Sir George Ramsay, the Ninth Earl of Dalhousie, 1770-1838 was in Bytown and helped to organize the village in the early days (before
Colonel By was here).
Here are some other founding families of the Hull and Gatineau area. Mr. David Smith has
contributed some important and interesting material regarding his ancestors, John Litle and Frances Childs, early settlers in
the Gatineau Valley. His background research includes material regarding the conditions of his Scots-Irish ancestors in
County Down and County Antrim at the time of their 1830's emigration to the Gatineau Valley.
We are also compiling a list of early Roman Catholic churches in the Gatineau Valley and in Pontiac County.
And here is a new page (March 1, 2012) exploring historical and genealogical connections between the Ottawa area and the Eastern Townships in Quebec.
The Anglo-Celtic Connections web site has a link to Ontario Roman Catholic Parish Records.
Aylmer, Quebec, became an early trans-shipment point for goods and people who were heading west via the Ottawa River.
Ira Honeywell was the first settler in Nepean Township. He and his wife Polly ANDREWS came to live
on the banks of the Ottawa River in 1811. Moses and Noah Holt also came from the United States.
Joan McEvoy Rooney has contributed an interesting paper regarding the Settlement of the Billings
Bridge area and Junction Gore. Bradish Billings, in 1813, was the first settler at Billings Bridge.
In 1815, a drowning accident occurred at Chaudiere Falls. The Chaudiere Falls area later
became the hub of Ottawa's growing industrial development in the nineteenth century.
Also, c. 1815, the Reverend Asa Meech (Meech Lake) settled just north of Wrightville.
The Moore family operated a sawmill in Hull in the 1820's. The Moore
family (some of whom pioneered at Rapides des Joachims in the 1840's) were related to the
Meech family. Two Moore brothers married daughters of Richard Prentice, UEL. This was the
first marriage performed in Nepean Township. Philip Chugg was an early settler on the
Deschenes (Aylmer) Road, arriving there about 1835. Vivien Chartier is researching her
Chartier and Lebel ancestors who came from St. Roch de L'Achigan to Aylmer, Quebec.
Many folks came early and stayed late: Here's a list of people who were born in the 1700's
(not in Canada) and were still around to be enumerated in the 1881 Census of Carleton County,
including Ottawa. And some of their elderly neighbours on the Lower Canada (Quebec) side.
Incidentally, the city of Ottawa, for most of it's history was part of Carleton County.
In 1819 Isaac Firth established an Inn at Chaudiere Falls. The inn was located at Richmond
Landing (on the Upper Canada side of the Ottawa River). The same year, four Chamberlin brothers came to work for Philemon Wright.
And, in 1822, Robert Mosgrove came from County Leitrim in Ireland and settled in Bytown.
Hon. Hamnett Kirkes Pinhey (1784-1857), a young London importer and ship insurance
broker, emigrated to Canada in 1820 with a small fortune, to develop an estate in the
Canadian wilderness. He soon established himself as a leader of society in eastern
Upper Canada (Ontario) and became a member of the Legislative Assembly, Reeve of
March Township, Warden of Carleton County, and a member of the Legislative Council
of Upper Canada. He developed HORACEVILLE, on the Ottawa Riverfront of March Township
(now within the City of Ottawa), as his residential estate, operating grist and sawmills and
building St. Mary's Church, which opened in 1827.(1)
(1) Source: History of Pinhey's Point
The Pinhey's Point Foundation has prepared an index to the accounts of Hamnett Pinhey
covering the period 1821-1857. The accounts contain the names of many folks from the Bytown
area who did work for Mr. Pinhey.
Another early settler in March Township was Benjamin Street.
James Coates Browne came from Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Ireland, to South March in the 1830's
and his family were involved as lumber merchants in the White Lake area, hoteliers in Bell's Corners and merchants on Sparks Street.
December 10, 2014:
The Lyon family (Lyon Street) were early settlers in Bytown. See Taylor's .pdf file at http://www.bytown.net/lyonandsparks.pdf.
In 1828, William Hunton and his two sons, Thomas and William Hunton arrived in Bytown.
They came from Leeds in England. Their home was located on Metcalfe Street where the Main Branch of the Ottawa Public Library is today.
The period 1784-1815 saw the emigration of Scottish Highlanders to Glengarry County and
Scottish Lowlanders (mainly artisans and weavers) came to Lanark and Renfrew Counties during
the depression following the Napoleonic Wars. The Lowlanders came with the assistance of
Emigrant Societies in the Glasgow area. Here is a paper which compares the settlement of
Glengarry County (east of Ottawa) and Lanark County (to the west of Ottawa).
Many of the early French families who settled in the Gatineau / Bytown area beginning
about 1830 came from the seigniories in the Montreal, Quebec, area.
The seigniory of Longueil / Longueiul was transferred to the province of Ontario and became
a Township near the eastern Ontario / Quebec border.
French, Irish, and Scots had been also been involved in the fur trade in Canada in the 1700's.
By 1820 the large-scale fur-trading empire centered in Montreal had, for the most part,
become headquartered in the Hudson Bay region. Entrepreneurs, with capital, from Montreal
looked for commercial ventures and the developing Bytown area proved attractive to men
such as John Redpath and Agar Yeilding. Our web page regarding the
Thunder Bay, Ontario area also contains some material on the fur trade.
A publican (ran an inn and tavern) named Robert Atkinson
was in Bytown before 1830. He may have been associated with the famous Mother McGinty's
Tavern on Rideau Street. Captain Samuel Kipp, a United Empire Loyalist, who was a Captain in
Delancey's Rangers arrived in Canada at Ramsheg / Fanningburg, New Brunswick he and his new wife
quickly fled to Quebec (Montreal area it appears). The family eventually made it's way
to the Ottawa area in the 1820's. John Goth from Yorkshire, England, was an 1818 military
settler in Beckwith County.
From the beginning, lumber was an important staple product exported to the European
markets by Philemon Wright and later by the Gilmour and McLaren Companies. By the 1850's, square timber was replaced by sawn
lumber exports to the United States. In 1860, the Prince of Wales visited Canada. The lumber industry arranged
for a large arch to be constructed to commemorate his stayover in Ottawa.
In the early 1800's, prisoners were transported to New South Wales (Australia) from
Ireland and England. Many of those transported were sent away because of political
reasons, not criminal transgressions. Timothy Tierney was transported to Australia
in 1835 for stealing firearms in County Tipperary. His wife, Ellen Waters / Watters
and children emigrated shortly after to Nepean Township (now part of the City of Ottawa). Timothy was pardoned in 1853.
His legal pardon is an example of this type of 19th century legal document.
Michel Forand is researching the lighthouses which were built along the Ottawa River
starting in the 1860's. Also, regarding the Ottawa River, a request was made to Parliament in
1849 for a list of surveys which had been done, and by whom, during the past five years.
Allan Gilmour was the organizer of the Ottawa Curling Club in 1851. David Smith has
chronicled it's history for the years 1851 to 1933. Allan Gilmour was the owner of
the Gilmour Lumber Company. In 1924, the Ottawa Ski Club newsletter reported on
shenanigans at Murphy's Hill in the Gatineau. On the way up to Maniwaki, you will
pass Brennan's Hill.
In 1827, Joseph Coombs, who was an engineer with the Royal Sappers and Miners,
arrived in Bytown to work on the canal. Joseph Coombs lived in Concession 2, Ottawa Front,
Gloucester Township. Allen Craig has done some interesting work on the building of roads
and the topography this area of early Gloucester.
Hélène Wyskup is researching the Francophone construction workers on the Rideau Canal.
Abraham Boland from County Armagh arrived c. 1828. He and his wife Mary McBride
were married in Bytown and later went to the Eganville area.
Charles James Rowan (father Patrick) was born 1809 in Sligo, Ireland, and died on March 5,
1883 at the age of 74. He married Mary Ann Farrell in 1833. Her birthdate was about 1817
in King's County, Ireland and she died March 26, 1887.
Charles James Rowan came to Bytown in 1833. He kept a hotel at 56 Rideau Street
for many years and later opened a grocery store on Clarence St. He was a member
of City Council in 1855. His residence was 201 Clarence St.
Michael McDermott was a land surveyor in Bytown and area between 1842 and 1849.
His memoirs have been transcribed by his grandson. There are some interesting stories
about his years in Bytown.
Each year, the municipality issued licences to individuals to carry on commercial
activities in the town. In 1839 and 1842, licences were issued to these individuals.
In 1825, Duncan McNab, known as the Laird of McNab, brought 84 settlers to his property
near Arnprior. The early Scots who had settled in Glengarry County (east of Ottawa), the
Scottish pioneers at the Tay River near Perth (1815), and the McNab settlers formed
the basis for the Scottish community in the Ottawa area. In 1821, a group of settlers
from Scotland were brought to Ramsay Township.
John Brown, from the Inner Hebrides was a bagpiper of renown in the Ottawa area.
John Wallace (spouse Isabella McCallum) came to Bytown to work on the canal and then
moved to McNab Township. An 1879 map of Ramsay Township, reproduced
by the McGill University Digital Atlas Project, gives the names and locations of many of
the pioneer families in the Carleton Place / Almonte / Clayton area. Drummond Township
includes the Town of Perth, Ontario, as well Ferguson's Falls, Balderson and Innisville.
Early Scottish Emigration to the Ottawa area
||to Glengarry County ||to Lanark County
||Characteristics of Emigrants
||2,500 subsistence farmers from the Scottish
Highlands to Glengarry County before 1815
||4,000 weavers and artisans from the
Scottish Lowlands to Lanark County after
||No financial assistance, organized by
families, led by Highland patriarchs.
Catholic and Presbyterian
||Financially assisted, organized by emigrant
Presbyterian and Anglican
|Reasons for Emigration
||Defend traditional culture and lifestyle
||Economic opportunity for politicized
Here's an interesting bit of local Scottish folklore. In order to differentiate the great
number of settlers in Glengarry County, nicknames were created for most individuals.
Alexa Pritchard has sent us a list of a great many nicknames used in Glengarry Township
were an important component of early farming practises. At the beginning of the twentieth century
tractors began to replace horses -- the early tractors
were powered by steam engines.
Visit Keith Thompson's web site of history and genealogy in Lanark County
Data Source (Population): Ottawa: An Illustrated History, by John Taylor, page 210
Data Source: (Ethnic Origins): 1881 Census of Canada
Since 1971 the population of the City of Ottawa has trebled - due to both steady immigration and
the amalgamation of surrounding townships on January 1, 2000.
Before settlement occurred in the wilderness, the province of Ontario was surveyed to
create townships and 200 acre farm lots
to receive the pioneer families.
Gaelynn Wall has sent in the links to some early land grants
Records of land registrations are useful documents for local historical research.
Al Crosby has sent in an example of the history of the ownership of some property
in Gloucester Township. Here is the entry for Lot 24, Concession I, Gloucester
Christ Church Anglican was established in 1833 on property donated by Nicholas Sparks
Sue has compiled a listing of
churches and their Ministers/Priests in Ottawa in 1867
- the year of Canadian Confederation.
Earliest Emigration from Ireland to Bytown/Ottawa
Beginning in the 1810's, Irish families began to arrive in the Bytown (Ottawa)
area of Ontario. In 1817, a petition was circulated in County Wexford and County
. The petition was signed by hundreds of families, both Protestant and Catholic,
who wished to leave behind "The Troubles" of Ireland and start a new life in the
wilderness of Upper Canada.
Contrary to popular belief the typical Irish pioneer in the 1800's was not a Catholic
who was fleeing the potato famine
and settled in Ontario's urban areas. Both the 1842
and 1871 Census show that the Protestant Irish outnumbered the Catholics by two to one.
Both denominations were rural - not predominately urban. Source: Donald Harman Akenson in
The Irish in Ontario
Here is a list of emigrants hoping to leave Wexford and Carlow
in 1817 to
settle in Upper Canada. Many of these families came to Canada over the next twenty
years or so by chain migration. Chain migration (emigration to the location where
you already know someone) accounted for much of the population increase in the
nineteenth century in Upper Canada. Some of these early settlers landed on the New York
State side of the St. Lawrence River. On the Canadian side, immigrants travelled by boat
from Montreal and disembarked at Cornwall, Prescott, Brockville and Kingston. Important ports
on the American side were Ogdensburgh and Oswego in Upper New York State. See map of the
St. Lawrence River Basin
between 1825 and 1867.
By 1829, there was a strong representation of persons who emigrated from the Castlecomer area of County Kilkenny, Ireland
Anne McEligot has sent in some links for researchers
interested emigration from County Derry, Ireland
Emigration from County Wicklow, Ireland to Canada in the 19th Century
Anne Burgess is researching emigration from southwest County
to EASTERN Ontario, including to the Bytown / Ottawa area. She is matching names
from County Wicklow from the Lord Fitzwilliam Estate, which covered one fifth of County
Wicklow. Her research is based on the book Surplus People
by Jim Rees which
documents the assisted emigration of about 1,000 families from Wicklow to Canada.
Anne has extended her research to cover Fiztwilliam Estate assisted emigration to Southern Ontario
And, Annette Code is researching emigration from the same area (the Coolattin Estate
but during an earlier time frame -- from after the 1798 rebellion
up to the time of the famine
. She has just had
an article published
, (November 2009), by the Genealogical Society of Ireland.
Mr. Kenny's research is in the area of Kilcavan, County Wicklow
, in the nineteenth century.
The parishes of Ballynultagh and Ballyrahine
in County Wicklow were a source of
emigration to eastern Ontario between 1847 and 1856.
Anne Burgess has sent in some links and sources from Borris, County Carlow
Quite a few pioneer families in the Ottawa area came from here.
Today, May 5, 2011, I've started a web page for pioneer families who came to Canada from County Armagh
between 1815 and 1855.
In 1818 the Talbot Party
came from County Cork, Ireland to Goulbourn
Township and London, Ontario. Hey! I used to play old-timers' hockey in Stittsville with
many descendants of these pioneers.
Many of the emigrants from Ireland from the 1830's onwards came here to join friends or
relatives who had already arrived here. Also, word-of-mouth news spread quickly throughout
Britain about the opportunities for settlers in a new land. In some cases, people decided to
come to Canada after reading material regarding conditions in Canada
Settlers from Ireland going to Upper Canada or Lower Canada landed at Quebec City which was
the furthest inland deep-water port on the St. Lawrence River. They were then transported by
steamboat to Montreal where many spent time in Griffintown, in Montreal, an early Irish neighbourhood adjacent to
the Lachine Canal.
for land transactions in Upper Canada.
Ray Burke has transcribed an example of an early (1828) Land Grant document
property in Upper Canada. The exact surveyor's co-ordinates are spelled out, as is
the 1/7 part of the land set aside for the Clergy Reserves. It is signed by Sir
Peregrine Maitland, Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada at York (now Toronto).
John Beverly Robinson (brother of Peter Robinson) is also mentioned - he was the
Attorney General at the time. Free grants of land were available until 1826. After
1826, crown land was sold
For many of us, our goal is to visit Ireland, walk the hills and glens, visit a pub or two,
and do historical and genealogical research in Ireland
Emigration from south-west Ireland to the Ottawa Valley in the 1820's
To get a feel for how this web site works, take a look at the McGee / Magee
It is a combination of history and genealogy of some early settlers in the Perth area
and it illustrates how various spellings, religions, and adjacent geographical areas can
make things interesting for us!
In 1816, a settlement was established at Perth
These pioneers in Perth
were a mixture of disbanded soldiers and Scottish emigrants.
In 1820 another military settlement was established at the village of Lanark.
The 1818 Richmond Military Settlement
Richmond (1818) was the first town established in Carleton County - earlier than Bytown.
Sergeant William John Vaughan
was one of the disbanded soldiers
who settled in Richmond. Wes Cross (researching Jonas Barry)and Ron Dale have researched
the structure and history of the 99th and 100th Regiments of Foot
which were disbanded
after the War of 1812 and the Napoleonic Wars in 1815. These two regiments formed the
nucleus of the first permanent Ottawa area settlers after Philemon Wright's group.
Alexa Pritchard has sent the following discharge documents of Sergeant William Shea.
Discharge Papers of Sergeant William Shea, 99th Regiment of Foot
Settler in Richmond, Upper Canada, 1818
An transcribed example of the discharge papers from the 99th Regiment has been sent
by Paula Gibson. See the John GIBSON
came as a non-military settler in 1818 from Dumphriesshire, Scotland. From 1818 to
1824 he ran a tavern at Fallowfield on the Richmond Road. Near this intersection is
, the location of two pioneer churches.
Richmond was surveyed in the form of the Georgian Town Plan. A rectangular grid system
of streets was superimposed on the topography. Colonel George Thew Burke
from County Tipperary, was the commanding officer and Joseph Fortune
was in charge of surveying. The town was built on the Goodwood River (now called
the Jock River). Hydraulic power was required to power the early grist and textile mills
and the sawmills. The disbanded soldiers were allocated farmland near the town. Lots
were assigned according to each officer's rank. Privates in the army, the lowest rank,
received 100 acres. Some Early Settlers
in Goulbourn Township
contains a list of privates and sergeants who were granted land in Richmond village and
surrounding areas and also some early residents of Stittsville. Families also settled
in the Carp valley and Carp village
in the 1820's.
Don Lowe is descended from the pioneer Hodgins
families. His other surnames
of interest are Graham, Cavanaugh, and Mooney.
was one of the original settlers in the Richmond/Goulbourn area.
His farm was located not far from what is now Munster Hamlet
. He settled there in the
1819 time frame, but was actually in Canada in 1805 with the 100th Regiment of Foot,
mainly in the Quebec City and Montreal area prior to 1812. You will notice his name
on the information that Alexa submitted regarding the original military settlers in
the Richmond/Goulbourn area. (Source for this paragraph and the information on the
William Fitzpatrick page: Ken Armstrong). William Sample
, from County Antrim, and his
wife Matilda McCullough were also in Goulbourn Township by the 1840's.
In pioneer times, there were connections between the Goulbourn Township folks
and the settlers in Rideau Township
, including the North Gower area.
All men aged 19 to 45 were required to serve in the local militia. The Carleton County
Militia muster rolls for the year 1828 (here is one for Nepean Township
at Richmond) are valuable genealogy and history resources. Transportation was either
by foot - people often walked between Bytown and Richmond - until stage coach
were established in the 1830s. George Edge
, 1760-1840, was born in England and served
for 59 years in the active military (99th Regiment) and the local militia. He was disbanded
at Richmond in 1818.
Census data for 1820-22 for March, Goulbourn, Huntley, Marlborough and Nepean
Townships can be found here
Debbie Coxon Prince has contributed her research regarding
early schools in Huntley Township
Map of the village of Richmond in 1879
Map Source: Belden's 1879 Atlas of Carleton County
The Richmond Road
in the 1860's
Saw and grist mills were established along many of the rivers in the Ottawa
area. Moss Kent Dickinson, who was mayor of Ottawa from 1864 to 1866 opened
a mill at Manotick in 1860. The building, called Watson's Mill
, is still open today.
The general contractor for the mill was Thomas Langrell
who later became Chief of Police for
the City of Ottawa.
Another Lumber Baron who became mayor of the city of Ottawa in 1897 was Samuel Bingham
also known as the "King of the Cascades" for his logging work on the Gatineau River. Richard Scott
, who was born in Prescott, Ontario,
became Mayor of Ottawa c . 1855 and was well-known for initiating the Scott Act -- the Canada Temperance
Act. In 1863
he introduced the Separate Schools Act for Ontario.
The Military Settlement at Richmond
St. Phillip's RC Church Marriages
, Richmond 1836-?, by Marilyn Cottrell
St. Clare's RC Church Registers
, (1891-1910) at Dwyer Hill in Marlborough Township
St. Phillip's RC Church Births
, Richmond 1836-1845, also by Marilyn Cottrell
St. Phillip's RC Church Deaths
, Richmond 1853-1881, by Sue
The Ontario Vital Statistics Project is computerizing Ontario civil registrations
for Births, Marriages and Deaths
John Bower Lewis
(no relation) was a mayor of Ottawa and member of
Parliament. The preceding link will take you to a petition signed by many prominent
Ottawa citizens in 1872 in support of his candidacy in the 1872 federal elections.
A link to a brief biography and photograph of John Bower Lewis is also on that page.
Speaking of local mayors, Eugene Martineau
was Ottawa's first Francophone mayor.
was the first Francophone mayor of Bytown.
(1844-1920) was a prominent merchant and mayor of Ottawa.
Our bibliography page
contains several books regarding local mayors from 1848 up to the Charlotte Whitton era.
Another LEWIS family, prominent in the Ottawa area, was that of the
Anglican Archbishop John Travers LEWIS
and his wife Rebecca Olivia LAWLESS.
The 1823 Peter Robinson Settlers
In 1823, Peter Robinson brought almost 500 settlers to the Ottawa area on
two ships, the Hebe
and the Stakesby
. They sailed from County
Cork. There are many thousands of their descendants in the Ottawa area today.
These early settlers were mostly from the poorest part of Ireland - the southwest -
mainly from County Cork and County Tipperary. They were brought to Upper Canada, in part,
to help reduce the numbers of poor Irish Catholic tenants on several large Irish
estates - Lord Doneraile's property for example. Sending these people to Canada was
expected to reduce the average level of poverty in Ireland and at the same time give a
"leg-up" to selected emigrants, all of whom had good character references and were
expected to become self-sufficient, quickly, in Canada. After the end of the Napoleonic Wars (1815)
the British government was amenable to government assisted emigration.
Peter Robinson Settlers in 1823
... Surnames A to G
Peter Robinson Settlers in 1823
... Surnames H to N
Peter Robinson Settlers in 1823
... Surnames O to Z
Here's a map Showing the area in Ireland from where the Peter Robinson
(and other early groups of pioneers emigrated)
Source: Irish Emigration and Canadian Settlement Patterns,
by Houston and Smyth, page 50.
Roberta O'Brien's Family Page
... which includes the names of the settlers and also
Peter Robinson's Report
Miscellaneous Peter Robinson Settlers
... A few genealogical enquiries.
Donna McGinty has sent in some information regarding her ancestors
who settled in
the "Peter Robinson Territory". Her ancestors married into many of the families of
1823 settlers and illustrate the migration pattern of many early Irish families
to Carleton County, then on to Renfrew County
and later to the American frontier
in North Dakota
A lot of the Peter Robinson settlers in 1823 homesteaded along what is now Highway 44 in Ramsay Township
. Here is a photograph of
one of the stone homes built in that area. This house was not built by a Robinson settler.
April 17, 2019:
Source for the following text block and picture of the house belonging to Robert Struthers is National Capital Heritage
, page 20.
Carol McCuaig has written many books about settlement in the Ottawa Valley. She is currently researching immigrants from County Clare
Lanark and Renfrew Counties.
The Building of the Rideau Canal, 1826-1832
Planning and surveying for the construction of the Rideau Canal began in 1826. The
following graph illustrates the upward spike in population in 1828 which represents
the arrival of contractors and labourers.
Tony Atherton from the Ottawa Citizen
plans to write an article
on a canal
worker who died while working on the canal.
A memorial monument
is being established in Ottawa to commemorate the
men who worked on building the Rideau Canal.
Many Irish and French labourers worked at building the Rideau Canal between 1826 and 1832.
The Rideau Canal runs from present-day Ottawa to Kingston, Ontario and is one of the oldest
functioning canal / lock systems in Canada. When the canal was finished
in 1832, some of the workers stayed in Bytown, while many others cleared land in the area and
began farms in Gloucester, Nepean , Osgoode, and other neighbouring townships. A great source
of genealogical information regarding the Catholic Canal workers is the records of Notre Dame
Cathedral in the By Ward Market of downtown Ottawa. Here are just a few
Sue is transcribing the Notre Dame marriages
, beginning in 1829, from the Drouin Collection.
Sue has also transcribed many of the baptisms which took place at Notre Dame
Notre Dame Cathedral is now the main Francophone Catholic church in Ottawa. In its early years, it served both English speakers and
Francophones. St. Patrick's Basilica
on Kent Street, started in 1858, became the major English speaking (mostly Irish) Catholic church.
See The Welfare of Irish Catholics in Ottawa
, 1820- 1900 for a description of the early Irish Catholics in Ottawa and area.
The major contractors for the canal works were John McTaggart
, John Redpath (sugar industry
in Montreal), Thomas McKay
and Philemon Wright from Hull. The contractor for excavating
the first six head-locks in Bytown was John Pennyfather
. The labourers were paid by the day. Many, such as
, lost their lives working in dangerous conditions. A very good account of the
working conditions can be found in an article by William Wylie
. See also our page on Labour History
in the Ottawa area.
was Paymaster for the Rideau Canal.
Some of the labourers came directly from Ireland. Others had previously worked on the Lachine
Canal in Montreal or on the Erie Canal in New York State. When the canal was completed, some
of the workers, such as Daniel Burns
from Belfast, moved to the United States.
After the war of 1812, there was interest in constructing a canal from Bytown to Lake Huron
This canal would have allowed Canadian people and goods to avoid Lake Ontario and Lake Erie.
Immigration from the Atlantic Provinces to the Ottawa area, prior to 1881
By sorting through the 1881 census of Canada, we find that there were 218 persons
who came to the Ottawa area from Nova Scotia
Others migrated to our area from New Brunswick
and Prince Edward Island
A commercial center was established in the By Ward Market area. While most of the early
canal labourers were Irish, many men of French origin came from Montreal or other parts
of Lower Canada to settle in Bytown. See our list of about 125 francophone families
who arrived in Bytown
between 1826 and 1855. Many of these families form the basis of the strong francophone community the Ottawa / Gatineau area.
In the 1840's, the Roman Catholic Church established St. Joseph's College
known as the University of Ottawa, on Sussex Street in the Byward market. It was later
moved to its present location in Sandy Hill
. In 1856, St. Joseph's Church
was built to serve
English speaking parishioners. Sacre Coeur, across the street, served French speaking parishioners.
Anne Burgess has sent in some interesting letters illustrating the recruitment of
Catholic priests to work in the developing wilderness areas in Renfrew County
in the 1850's.
The Holiness Movement
became rooted in some areas of Eastern Ontario and Western
Quebec c. 1900.
Early Area Newspapers and Directories
Here is a new feature from Google -- the ability to search the digital archives of the Ottawa Citizen Newspaper
October 16, 2016:
Thanks to Carmen Rochon who has sent in about 400 obituaries for the Ottawa area
, starting in the 1890's.
One of the earliest newspapers in Bytown was the Bytown Gazette
. Sue Barr
has transcribed some early birth, marriage and death records covering the period
1836-1843. Mostly dealing with Hull and Bytown, some of the names listed are from as
far east as Glengarry, and west to Perth and Pembroke. Sue has also marriages and deaths
recorded in the Ottawa Times
of the 1860's. These
newspapers can be viewed on microfilm in the National Library (Wellington Street,
second floor) and in the Ottawa Room of the Ottawa Public Library. Some birth
notices were also published. The Canadian News
was published in London, England in the mid-19th century.
Sue has also transcribed Births, Deaths, and Marriages which occurred in the Ottawa area and which
were reported in England. Also, some records of BMD's for Bytown were published in the
, between 1834 and 1849. See also Bits of Bytown from early American and British newspapers
transcribed by Sue. Taylor Kennedy
has contributed obituaries of military officers
as recorded in the Bytown Gazette
beginning in 1836.And thanks to Sue Barr for some 1828 records from the Brockville Gazette
pertaining to some Ottawa and Hull area pioneers. Bob Mackett has also sent records
of births, marriages and deaths from the Bytown Gazette and the Ottawa Advertizer
the years 1836 to 1845.
Thanks again to Sue who has transcribed the obituaries from the Ottawa Journal from 1886 to 1899
Sue has also transcribed Marriages in Bytown or Concerning Residents of Bytown,
Nepean and Richmond
for the years 1829 to 1856 and some Death Records
the years 1828-1849. She has also sent in a link to Northern New York State newspapers
in the 1800's.
Sue is still at it. She has now transcribed the births, marriages and deaths for the Ottawa Citizen from 1853-1859
And today, Sue has sent along records of Births, Marriages and Deaths of early Bytown and Ottawa Residents, Recorded in International Newspapers
Al Craig has sent in a list of Ottawa and Carleton Directories
online from 1863-1899.
Small communities developed at each lock station. After the canal was completed,
some workers and their families settled on crown land along the canal.
At Long Island
, for example, there was a grid on the Gloucester side
of the canal consisting of about fifteen "city" blocks until about 1880. The land around
the lock-station and dam is a park today and only the lockmasters house remains.
Across the river, on the Nepean side was Chapman's Mills
and the Samuel Collins house.
was the lockmaster at Kilmarnock (south of Merrickville) from 1841
to 1871. His son William succeeded him as lockmaster.
Here is a map showing the Gloucester side of the Rideau Canal
, from New Edinburgh to
Long Island village and locks. Incidentally, the first public meeting for the Township
of Gloucester was held at Cunningham's Inn in 1832. John Cunningham
ran a popular "stopping
place" for many years. The floor plan of his inn is representative of many of the
businesses of the day - family living quarters were usually combined with a commercial
In 1832 a double calamity struck the labourers in Bytown:
(1) the Rideau Canal construction ended leaving most of them unemployed.
(2) a major cholera epidemic
spread from Quebec City to Upper Canada causing
hundreds of deaths and tragedies to individual families. This double tragedy,
in the same year, set the stage for a "reign of terror", known as the Shiners' War
in Bytown. Many unemployed men moved back to the land
in the 1830's, in an attempt to
become self-sufficient and also to escape the violence and social disorder in our town.
Mary Cox has sent in the following map of Bytown in 1842.
"The map is based on a Plan of Bytown by Lieutenant White, R.E. Feb. 24, 1842.
are shown including one on Barracks Hill. Also I remember someone looking
for an early map that showed Isaac Firth’s Tavern – it is also included on the map".
Map Source: Looking Back, Pioneers of Bytown and March, by Naomi Slater Heydon.
In 1836, a list of eligible voters for Nepean Township
Captain George W. Baker was in charge of the Bytown Volunteers
(militia unit) in 1838.
Mr. Charles Chapman
, raconteur, from England, died in Ottawa in 1854. Sheila is trying to determine where he is buries.
Local Maps, 1879
The following maps from the year 1879 show the location of farms and property owners
in the Townships surrounding Ottawa. As of the amalgamation effective January 1, 2000
the new City of Ottawa now includes all of these townships, plus Torbolton, March and
Marlborough. There was always a close relationship between the municipality of Bytown/Ottawa
and the local townships. Much of the food for the growing urban area was produced in the
townships and the local farmers visited the city to buy and sell merchandise.Local politics
and economics were based primarily on race and religion
the 1800's and parts of each township identified closely with certain neighbourhoods in Ottawa.
For example the English, Scottish and Irish Protestant community of Uppertown had strong
ties to the English and Irish Protestant Orange groups in Goulbourn and Nepean. The
Catholic settlements in South Gloucester, Jockvale and Corkery had business and family ties
to the Lowertown market neighbourhood. The French market gardeners from the rural area to
the east of Ottawa (Gloucester, Cumberland and Clarence Townships) primarily identified also
with the Catholic-dominated Lowertown area. Cummings Island
is in the Rideau River, at Montreal Road.
The above maps, digitized by McGill University, are large files. You can extract
smaller portions of the maps by using the methodology described here
Also, the Wallings Company created maps showing the locations of the settlers on their
land in 1862. These maps have been digitized
by Library and Archives Canada.
Mary Cox has sent in a link to the Fire Insurance maps from the 1870's
. These maps show urban locations.
Part of the Township of Gloucester is called Junction Gore
. This resulted from
the original survey of the township. Some of the lots are "Ottawa Front" and
some are Rideau Front". The remainder (the northwest corner of the township) are in
an area called Junction Gore.
The Evolution of Ottawa Neighbourhoods
Cemetery Records in Ottawa and area
A useful resource for genealogists can be found in the transcriptions of the names
of persons buried in local cemeteries. All of the local historical societies have
published lists of persons buried in area cemeteries. However, in most cases, these
lists include only the legible names of persons who are included on gravemarkers.
Some of the early tombstones (if there were any) have by now become illegible or
may have been removed from the cemetery for safety reasons.
Scott Naylor has a very good, searchable, web site which includes digital photographs of
grave markers in the Ottawa area
. The site is now run by Murray Pletsch.
The Ontario Cemetery Database
is a searchable database, by cemetery in Ontario. This database
lists over 1,000,000 "interments" (buried people), in various cemeteries
in Ontario. In addition, another site is very useful for research in the
Northeastern Ontario region: the Northeastern Ontario Graveyard Gallery
is maintained by Murray Pletsch. Kimberly Fraser has a web site of
photographs and transcriptions of St. Paul the Hermit Cemetery
in Sheenboro, Quebec.
Sean McConnery has transcribed many of the cemeteries in Western Quebec and the Upper
Gatineau area. He has entered them online at his web site
Musical Heritage in Ottawa and the Valley
The Ottawa Valley has a rich heritage when it comes to music. Original songs by the
log-drivers were among the earliest in this area. See our Ottawa Valley Music page
songs by Charlie Gardner.
A new field in the study of history is research into old letters and personal
correspondence from days of old. Mary Quinn, has an old trunk, handed down from
her ancestors. She has sent along this letter
, covering the time when two
fifteen year old Irish migrants married in Quebec City, settled in Goulbourn
Township, and lived strong and happy lives in the Ottawa area. She also has many
old letters written by the Foran and Quinn families
of South Gloucester.
Bytown was incorporated as the City of Ottawa in 1855. Here are the members of
the first City Council
, as well as some other people of interest influence in Bytown.
Henry J. Friel
was mayor of both the town of Bytown and the City of Ottawa in the early 1850's.
Thanks to Barb Hadden for this fascinating original document
is in the Kanata Town Hall. John Ray (spelled Rea) is named in the document
which list the names of folks in 1843 in March Township who were required
to do statutory labour to maintain township roads. Many other March Township names
are listed: Younghusband, Armstrong, Wilson, etc.
Minutes of the Council of the County of Carleton, January 1854
There were no clothing stores in the early 19th century. Most of the families made
their own clothes and important occupations were tailors and seamstresses. Many women
made quilts, often personalized as in the case of the Smyth family
The 1879 municipal budget
reflected the priorities of the day:
there were no expenditures for French language schools or for social welfare. However,
the city had been able to run up a considerable debt for which it paid interest of
$73,000 - the largest budgetary expenditure category. Cities were able to borrow money
based on the assessed value of their overall property assets. As long as the city was
growing and the property base was expanding each year, its' revenues continued to increase
without a need to increase the mill rate.
This was the beginning of rapid industrialization and urbanization for Canadian cities.
The relatively large "Grants to Corporations" category probably reflects the desire to
attract manufacturing operations to the city, especially at the Chaudiere Falls location.
The art of photography began in the 1850's. Three of the earliest
in the city were Pittaway, Jarvis and Topley.
Later, Yoseph Karsh
was a world famous photographer. He died in the year 2002.
By the way, most of us have old family photographs which contain unidentified people and places. We have
a web page to help identify these photographs
Taylor Kennedy has located the Abstract from the Shipping Book of James Allison, Immigration Agent at Montreal, Canada, in 1846 -
Passengers Going Westward by Steam Boat to areas such as Kingston, Hamilton, Toronto, Carleton County, Ontario, and Masson, Quebec
These records are held by Library and Archives, Canada.
Anne-Marie Ibell has sent a photograph, dated c. 1890
, of the Governor General's
Foot Guards. Her grandfather, Alphonse Heyendal, came to Canada from Belgium and
played the base fiddle for the Foot Guard's Band. He also knew Jean Dallaire who
was a well-known artist in the Ottawa area.
In 1845, Sister Elizabeth Bruyere
and the Grey Nuns came to
Bytown from Montreal. They immediately began to improve health, welfare and education
facilities for the Catholic community in Lowertown. By the end of the 19th century,
in response to the Social Gospel and Progressive movements in North America, many
private charities, including the Union Mission on Waller Street
, were established.
By 1871, the sawn wood industries and the federal government were the two largest
employers in Ottawa. The industrial profile
of businesses shows the beginnings of
evolution from an artisinal and commercial city to a manufacturing and government
city. Industrialization and urbanization went hand-in-hand. Many people began to move
from the surrounding townships into the city from farms which were becoming overcrowded
after the second generation following the pioneers. By 1879, a modern industrial and commercial
city had evolved. See a list of major occupations and their incumbents
A large influx of civil servants
from the provinces occurred at Confederation in 1867.
The Public Service is now the major employer in Ottawa and Gatineau.
Track and Field events were the earliest sports to take place in Ottawa and
area. These games often took place in conjunction with local fairs and market
days. Organized team sports such as hockey and baseball began in the late 1800's
and evolved to the National Hockey League Ottawa Senators, the "Triple A" baseball
Ottawa Lynx and the Canadian Football League Ottawa Rough Riders and the Ottawa
Renegades. We are trying to identify some of the early athletes and sports events.
See our Ottawa Sports History web page
Fishing in the Ottawa area
began with the first settlers. Birchbark canoes
by the Algonquin canoe builders were in demand for transportation on the waterways.
began running in 1891 and the final car was retired in 1959.
and Thomas AHEARN, who had been innovators in hydro electricity in Ottawa
were pioneers in the streetcar business in Ottawa. You'll find links to their biographies
by clicking on "streetcars" above. My grandfather's brother, Terry Burns, drove the last streetcar
in Ottawa off the streets in 1959.
Mr. William Washington Wylie
owned and operated the Ottawa Carriage Company.
The Big Fight of 1895
at O'Leary's Field, Manotick followed
the rules of the Marquis of Queensbury.
Belden's 1879 Map of Osgoode Township
...A list of almost 1000 names of pioneers
and their Concession numbers for Osgoode Township in 1879. An extract of names
from the 1874-75 Osgoode Township Directory
shows many of the persons living in
the north west part of Osgoode Township.
Snake Island in Osgoode Township
Sean and Sharalyn Daley have just opened the Daley Family Funeral Home
Senior Citizens in Osgoode Township
in 1881. See also the state of Elder Care in 2011
in Ottawa and area.
A letter from a mother in Ireland to her son in Carleton County.
Ottawa Valley and Our Soldiers in World War 1, 1914-1918
Remembrance Day is November 11, A Tribute to one of our Veterans, Robert Metcalfe
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)
, history and genealogy in the Ottawa / Gatineau area.
Irish and Canadian Money and Coins
Moses Bilsky was the first member of Ottawa's Jewish community
. He arrived in 1857.
A list of pioneers who were in Gloucester Township
More early settlers in Gloucester Township
The History of the Byward Market
The French Line
in Lavant (or Darling) Township.
Early Post Offices and Postmasters in Carleton County
Ottawa Dances with the Spanish Lady
.. Spanish Flu Pandemic of 1918, by Marc St. Pierre
Ottawa: Railway History
... by Colin Churcher
The The Railway comes to Nepean
, bisecting the Kennedy Farm on Jockvale Road.
The Great Depression in Ottawa
was the first female Mayor of a Canadian city.
My main area of interest is in the north-west corner of Osgoode Township
- now within
the limits of the city of Ottawa. A strong and close-knit community, mainly Irish and
Catholic, began to settle there beginning about 1830. Unlike the Peter Robinson settlers
who mainly came from County Cork and settled close together in the Huntley Township area
the Fallowfield and Jockvale settlement in Nepean Township, which was made up chiefly of Tipperary folks, the pioneers
in Osgoode Township, south-east of Manotick
, came from many different counties in Ireland.
Most of them had previously worked in Bytown and along the Rideau Canal
construction as far south as
. A lot of them had occupied ordnance land around the major lock stations - Hog's Back
Black Rapids and Long Island
, before obtaining land in Osgoode Township.
Also, in the early 1800's, people came to the townships just north of the St.
Lawrence River. The town of Brockville
was settled before 1800. Ogle Gowan
in Brockville in 1829 and was the main character in the Orange Order in Canada
, for example had many connections to the area
covered by our web site. The town of Smiths Falls
, located on the Rideau Canal
became an early settlement of American businessmen. It was an important manufacturing
center and later a hub for the railways in Eastern Ontario. It is situated in Montague Township
was named after the Anglican Archbishop Jacob Mountain.
Prescott and Russell County, including Cambridge Township and the village of Casselman
is an example of the
agricultural nature of the area to the east of the City of Ottawa.
, including the city of Belleville on the Bay of Quinte, was settled in the 1780`s.
The city of Cornwall
became an important port city and shipping center for people and
products destined west via the St. Lawrence Seaway. The same can be said for the town of Prescott
in Augusta Townhip
The Brock, Ralph and Beggs
families also settled in Prescott and Russell County.
, Sullivan, Christopher, Doyle and McGee ancestors were among the pioneers. Within a
generation, the farm lots filled up with settlers; they had large families and we're all related
to each other, and to a great many other families in the Ottawa area.
Here's a map showing the area in which I'm most interested. The date of the map is 1879.
This map, along with the 1881 census forms the basis of my study of the area. My grandfather
was born here in 1880.
Below the map is a table (yellow background) which contains clickable links to pioneers in
the neighbourhood. Today, this area is bordered by the Mitch Owens Road on the north,
the Snake Island Road to the south, on the west by the River Road and to the east by Bank Street
/ Highway 31.
Source: Belden's 1879 Maps of Carleton County
There are many more names of pioneers, other than those from Osgoode, further down on this page.
To Osgoode and Gloucester Townships
|Note: Feb. 20, 2008
||The names below are being
||transferred to the Osgoode
||and Gloucester pages (above)
||Bytown, c. 1830
|BONENFANT Alfred or Ferdinand
||killed in 1908
||James, 1838-? from Kilkenny
||Reginald BRADY, 1809-1893, born Kilkenny
|BRENNAN, Michael, 1820-1909
||wife=Anastasia BROPHY, 1836-1900
|BURKE, family from County Mayo
||to Osgoode, also some from Cork
||s/o Lawrence (above) and Margaret DOYLE
||marr. July 20, 1871, Mary SULLIVAN
||d/o Nicholas SULLIVAN and Mary McGEE
|BURNS, William 1839-1898,
||born in Ireland
||d/o George MULRONEY and Catherine DUGGAN
|O'BYRNE, Jane 1808-1871
||from County Antrim
||husband=Hugh McGEE, believe bur. in Ireland
||Jane is buried St. John's, Enniskerry
|CARRAHER, Michael 1819-1881
|CARRAHER, Patrick 1812-1885
||wife = Margaret McDONALD McLEOD
|CASSERLY, William, 1803-1875
||wife = Catherine RUSSELL
||Catherine died 1859, born Co. Limerick
||also sp. CASSELS
|CHRISTOPHER, Bridget Ellen
||husband = George HOOVER
||to Washington D.C.
||cousin of J. Edgar HOOVER
|CHRISTOPHER, Patrick 1801 - 1860
||2nd wife = Mary FITZGERALD from Cork, married Notre Dame
1835, witnesses were Patrick CURTIN and Catherine
||my GGGrandparents, 1st wife was Catherine LANDRIGAN, died 1834
|CLELAND, Robert and Hugh
||came in 1840
||Con 2, Osgoode
|COGHLIN, Timothy 1841-?
|CONWAY, James 1795-1880 (Article in OTHS
||James born Kilkenny
||wife=Sarah DUNN, died 1852 in Osgoode
||James went to Iowa after Sara's death
|CORCORAN, Thomas, 1822-1874
||bur. St. Mary's
||ML# 440 ... See book Hello Nepean
|CURRAN, John, 1821-
|CURRAN, Patrick, 1827-1895
||wife=Mary RICE, 1830-1891
|DALEY, John 1806-1873 from Armagh
||son of William
||wife = Ellen O'CONNOR
||Kings County, 1826
||wife = Elizabeth McGUIRE
|DALEY, Thomas 1821-?
|DALY, James 1826-?
||born c. 1833
||Osgoode Con III
|DELAMETER, William, b. 1803
||ties to MULLINS and Huntley
||in Metcalfe, 1879
||Lot 21, Con. IV Osgoode
||DEVRIE, DEVRIX, etc.
|DEWAN, Morris 1791-?
||from Tipperary 1827 to Osgoode
||ML# 167 as Maurice DUAN
||wife=Alice PROUT from County Down
|DIAMOND, Henry 1821-1894 (PR?)
||bur. St. John's
||wife=Mary KENNEY / KENNY, 1839-1909
|DOLAN, Francis 1788-1855
||wife=Ann McGOVERN, also from Cavan, 1788-1861
||bur. St. Brigid's - many McGOVERNs buried at Kemptville
|DOOLEY, James b. 1838
||Conc. 5, Osgoode
|DRISCOLL, Cornelius b. 1861
||Bur. St. Brigids
|DURNING, John 1799-1886
||wife=Mary McLAUGHLIN 1804-1856
||died 1883, aged 90
|EARLY, Patrick, 1798-1871
||Ireland, may also be "HURLEY"
||wife=Ellen O'HORO, 1804-1887 (Nee BURNS?)
||bur. St. John's (maybe nee MANTLE)
|EVANS, Francis 1797-1897, son of Patrick NEVINS and
||see NEVINS, below
||married Mary CORRIGAN 1843, son Luke EVANS born 1853
|FAGAN, Michael, 1817-1878
||wife=Alice HUGHES, 1820-1893
||to Canada 1830
|FAGAN, Patrick 1845-1909
||wife=Susan SMITH, 1850-1933
||daughter married Bart CHRISTOPHER
|FENNING (FANNING), Michael 1790-1868
||wife=Sarah Jane O'BRIEN, 1794-1868
||Osgoode in 1838
|FENNING (FANNING), Patrick
||wife=Ann GUILFOILE, 1822-1909
|FINAN, John, died about 1869 (house fire)
||left 4 children
||remarried Patrick CHRISTOPHER, more children
|FITZGERALD, Thomas 1806-1850
||b. Ireland, farmed NE of Manotick
||bur. St. Mary's
||son Thomas farmed Con 2, Lot 14,Osgoode
|FLOOD, Patrick, 1808-1883
||wife=Julia CORCORAN, 1800-1884, also from Carlow
|FORAN, John 1835-1901
||Waterford, Thomas was lockmaster at Hartwell's
||wife=Catherine RYAN, 1839-1920
||father ML# 510, see Bridget RYAN
|FORAN, Nicholas 1819-1903
||wife=Alice DALEY, 1827-1900
||bur. St. Mary's
|FOX, John 1842-?
|FOX, Miles 1793-1878
||wife=Bridget KENNEDY 1792-1878
|FOX, William, 1801-?
|GILLISSIE, Thomas 1808-1874
||from County Longford
||wife=Bridget O'CALLAGHAN 1812-1886, from County Armagh
|GLEESON, James 1790-?
||see also GLEASON
||John born 1831
||Concession 4, Osgoode
|GRANGER / GRAINGER, Samuel
||wife=Bridget BURNS living Osgoode 1848
||daughter of Patrick BURNS and Helen KEARNEY
|GRANT, Patrick 1823-1895
||Antrim, wife=Martha THOMPSON, 1836-1916 from Leitrim
||see James THOMPSON (father of Martha)
||daughter Catherine GRANT married a LANE
|GUILFOYLE, Patrick 1798-1883, from Waterford
||from Limerick, bur. Vis.
||some GUILFOYLEs came from Tipperary in 1835
|HARNEY, Patrick 1814-1872
||Tipperary, via U.S.
||wife=Margaret GUILFOYLE 1802-1879
|HARNEY, Patrick 1811-?
||eldest son (Patrick) born Ireland, other children born Upper Canada
||wife=Margaret RYAN 1812-?
|HASSETT, Patrick, 1814-1905
||wife=Ellen MOLLEY / MOLLOY 1826-1902
||Lot 9, Con. 2
||wife Ellen was Scottish
||Mitch Owens Road
|HERBERT, Alexander, 1795-1885
|HERBERT, James, 1841-
|HERBERT, Patrick, 1784-1884
|HOGAN, John 1833-1905
||wife=Ellen BROOKS, 1833-1893, b. Wexford
||from County Wicklow
||from Cork to Osgoode
|HUGHES, Patrick 1784-1854
||from County Armagh, buried St. Mary's, ML# 491
||3 daughters married McGEE brothers:
|JORDAN, James, c.1790-?
||daughter Bridget was 2nd wife of Lawrence BURNS
||County Mayo to Lot 12, Con 3, Osgoode
||to Gatineau Valley
|KEALEY, Darby, 1792-
||from County Laois (was Queen's)
||2nd wife Eliz. MULLIGAN
|KEALEY, Daniel, c.1817-?
||also sp. CAYLEY or KIELLY
||Carleton Place to Wisconsin
||Queen's - may be ML# 171
|KEALEY, John 1778-1853
||some also from Cork
||bur. St. Mary's
|KEALEY, William, 1820-1885
||from Kilkenny in 1834
||wife=Ellen CONNOR, 1818-1885, from Cork in 1837
||bur. St. Mary's
|KAVANAGH, Edward, 1827-1898
||wife=Catherine FOX, 1835-1904
||Catherine may be 2nd wife
|KAVANAGH, Edward 1813-1898
||same Ed as above?
|KAVANAGH, Peter, 1831-?
||Peter and Mary born Ireland
||wife=Mary UNKNOWN, 1830-?
||Children all born Ontario
||John and Alice in Osgoode Township 1845-1860
|KELLY, William (born 1802)
||Mr. Lorne Kelly has written biography
|KENNY, Patrick, born c.1810
||believe remarried after Margaret
||wife=Margaret ? , 1815-1859
|KENNY, Michael 1824-1891
||both from Tipperary
||married Buckingham, PQ
|KEOGH, Cornelius 1810-1873
||also spelled KEHOE
||death record at Museum
|KEOUGH (KEHOE), James 1791-?
||both from Tipperary
||some to Pittsburgh
||came to Bytown in 1844
||from County Wicklow
|KEHOE, Patrick and (1) BRASIL, Jane and (2) RALPH, Hanorah
||to Marlborough Twp.
||Tomacork, County Wicklow
||came here c. 1833
||also GUILFOYLE or KILFOIL
||see The Manotick Station Story
||Wife=Mary DOWNS, from County Down
|LEAHY, Thadeus 1814-?
|O'LEARY - LEARY, Patrick, 1822-1878, from Cork?
||wife=Mary DUNN, 1834-1899
||d/o Patrick DUNN (M.L.) ?
||Bur. St. Brigid's
||Con III, Osgoode
||b. c. 1855, Ont
||wife=Catherine KEARSEY, 1822-1895
||Catherine from King's County
|LEONARD, Michael 1801-1893
||wife=Catherine HERBERT, 1809-1899, Sligo
|LOWREY, Robert, 1821-1896 - Up from County
||wife=Catherine O'BRIEN, 1823-1907
||see Robert LOWREY
||bur. St. Brigid's
|LYNUM, Edward 1817-?
|MALONE, John 1811-?
||wife=Ellen MARS (sp.?)
||Son Michael baptized 1848
|MANTLE, Robert and James
||Cork - See also Huntley records
||stone erected by Robert MANTIL (PR?) in memory of ...
|| ... Martha MANTLE, 1837-1875
||Lot 23, Con. 3, Osgoode
||Pakenham, Onslow, Gloucester
|McCARTIN, John 1817-1902
||both from Armagh
||wife=Margaret HUGHES, 1824-1888
||bur. St. John's
|McDOWELL, James 1824-?
|McDOWELL, Patrick 1821-?
||Kilkenny to Osgoode
||wife=Catherine KENNEDY, 1773-1861,emigrated as widow with sons
||Catherine bur. St. John's, Edmund bur. Ireland
|McEVOY, John 1808
||son Edmund went to Iowa with CONWAYs
|McEVOY, Patrick 1810-?
||Kilkenny to Osgoode
||E-mail Jaimie McEvoy
who has a web page with LARKIN, McEVOY and
|McEVOY, Thomas 1810-?
|McEVOY and HURLEY, families
||in Osgoode Township
||by Ron Hurley
|McGEE, Bernard 1801-?
||County Down to Con. 3, Osgoode
|ML# 169 MAGEE
||Journalist, Member of Parliament, Father of Confederation, wife=
||assassinated on Sparks Street, 1868. See also
||daughter Euphrasia married Francis QUINN
|McGEE, John Joseph
||Clerk of Privy Council, 1882-1907
||father of Frank McGEE, hockey player
||County Tyrone ?
||ML# 387 as McKEE
|McGRATH, Michael, 1820-1862
||wife=Mary McKENNA-see Hugh McKENNA
|McHALE, Miles d. 1860
||wife=Mary NEILON / NIELON, died 1877
||Osgoode, Con. 3
|McHALE, Michael, 1826-1853
||son of Miles above
|McHALE, Edward, 1832-1918
||wife=Margaret DURNING, 1825-1909
|McKENNA (McKENNY), Hugh, 1790-1873
||served in Napoleonic Wars
||2nd wife=Catherine DUFFY 1807-1877
|McMORROW, James, 1826-1856 and Patrick, 1831-1860
||mother Mary, born 1801
||see also John CAHILL
||Scotland to Osgoode
|MEAGHER (MAHER), John, 1828-1908
||wife=Ann KELLY, 1834-1899
||bur. St. Mary's, see also The Manotick Station Story
||1st wife=CeciliaMcDERMOTT d. 1837
||2nd wife=Mary SASSEFIELD ?
||Bytown to Osgoode
|MYLES / MILES, David
||Osgoode to Venosta
|MOLAMPHY, Patrick - 1808-1875
|Tipperary, some went to Pittsburgh from Osgoode
|| wife=Julia KEOUGH
||Parents=Morgan MOLAMPHY and Catherine CUMMINGS
|MULLINS, Michael 1808-?
||wife=Eliz. SHEEHAN (Kilkenny)
||SHEEHAN may be SHANE
||Hogsback in 1832
||wife = Elizabeth BURNS or BYRNE
|MURPHYs in Osgoode
||by Michael Daley
||same man as above?
|MURRAY, Michael 1790-1864
||wife=Mary GALLAGHER||ML# 141
|MURRAY, Patrick 1827-?
|NASH, Patrick 1796-1886
||wife=Margaret BLANCHFIELD from Tipperary
||Lot 3, Con III
||E Lot 12, Con 3, Osgoode
|O'BRIEN, James 1824-1858
||Con. 2 Osgoode
|O'BRIEN, John 1810-1898
||Con. 2 Osgoode ?, some children to Gatineau
||bur. St. Brigid's
|O'BRIEN, Patrick, 1823-?
||wife=Ann TIERNEY, 1832-?
||from Cork c.1830
||wife=Catherine HURLEY (EARLY ?)
||see also another Timothy O'BRIEN (PR)
||b. Ontario 1840
||Osgoode Con. 5
||Ireland to Nova Scotia
||then to Ottawa
||Cork, McCabe List ?
||wife=Mary CAIN (KEANE)
||Cork, McCabe List ?
||Osgoode, Con. 2
||from County Monaghan, 1823
|O'LEARY, Patrick, 1822-1878, County Cork
||wife=Mary DUNN, 1834-1899
||bur. St. Brigid's
|O'ROURKE, John, c. 1795-?
||Con. 3. Lot 13, Osgoode
|O'ROURKE, Thomas 1822-?
||son of John above
||wife=Catherine KEOUGH d/o James KEOUGH from Tipperary and
|PALMER, John, 1792-1876
||wife=Elizabeth, also from Mayo
||to Metcalfe area
|PIPER / PYPER, William, b. 1801, Prot
||Con. 3, Osgoode
||wife ANN was RC
||2 James Quails ?
||both in Osgoode
|RALPH, Thomas W. 1853-1924
||son of Walter (next entry)
||wife=Mary STACKPOLE 1853-1910
|REDDICK, Thomas 1820-?
||to Corkery area
||some from Carlow
|SHAW, John 1800-1875
||to Manotick Station
||Lot 13, Con IV, Osgoode
||Wexford, St. Mary's Parish, died 1874
||Wexford, St. Mary's Parish
||1800-1862, bur. St. John's
||see also Early marriages in Bytown - from Meath,1828
||3 brothers-Michael,Patrick and Peter
||ML# 551 Later to Illinois, USA. Patrick married Nora STACKPOLE
||Married Helen O'CONNOR 1843
||Married Mary MULHALL 1837
||Married Helen BRITT (BIRT?) 1843
|above 4 are brothers
||parents were William STACKPOLE and Mary BARRY
||all related to PR people
||parents of O'CONNOR sisters were John O'CONNOR and
|SULLIVAN, John 1823-1914
||wife=Ann GRANT from Longford
||bur. St. Catharines
|SULLIVAN, Patrick, 1811-?
||Cork, 1823, s/o Jeremiah SULLIVAN and Mary McCARTHY
||wife= Mary KANE (PR), d/o John KEANE and Judith
||marr. N.D. 14-08-1848.
||from County Meath to Osgoode
||my GGGrandfather, wife=Mary McGEE
|SULLIVAN, Patrick c. 1780-?
||parents of Nicholas above
||wife=Catherine BLAKE 1784-?
||GGGGrandparents ... Al
|TERRY, Michael, 1799-1873
||wife=Margaret TIERNEY from Kilkenny ,1798-1882
||Conc. 3, Lot 18
||from Cork 1818 ?
|THOMPSON, James, 1809-1897
||Leitrim (born Antrim)
||wife=Mary McALLISTER 1817-1884, born Antrim
||See book The Blood Creek Thompsons, went to U.S., bur.
||Con. 5, Osgoode
||from County Wicklow in 1844
|TRAYNOR, James 1821-1901
||wife= Jane MURRAY
||from New Brunswick
||wife- Emma LaPOINTE
|TURNER, John 1800-1895
||from Ireland 1831
|Buried St. John's
||b. Ireland, 1830
||Manotick Station Road
||99th Reg. of Foot
||wife= Ellen KANE or KEANE
||see Lawrence BURNS
|WALSH, Mary, 1832 to 1873
||born Castletown, County Cork
||husband=William C. BARRY
|YORK, John 1790-?
of the Osgoode Township Historical Society has done a lot of work in this area.
2. Our Lady of the Visitation Parish
, 140th Anniversary Commemorative Booklet, 1845-1985.
Various tombstone inscriptions in Gloucester and Osgoode Townships.
The March 1999 issue of the Osgoode Township Historical Society Newsletter
has more details
(specifically, an article written by Michael DALEY. The Historical Society also has published a series of family histories.
Visit the Web Site of the Osgoode Township Historical Society and Museum
The following Counties in Ireland today make up what is called Northern Ireland
Antrim, Armagh, Derry, Down, Fermanagh and Tyrone. The remaining Counties form the
Republic of Ireland. The Republic of Ireland is independent.
Here are a few names of pioneers in the military settlement at Richmond
(from 1818) and in Nepean Township (mostly Jockvale and
||ML# 15, Wayne O'Neil has history
|BERGIN, Dennis 1840-1930
||wife=Mary KEALEY, 1856-1929
||also sp. BERRIGAN
|John BERGIN, 1833-1920
||wife=Ann BURNS, 1856-1938
|BERGIN, John 1806-1867
|BERRIGAN, Michael, 1831-?
||wife=Catherine KELLY, 1835-?
||also sp. BERGIN
|BRENNAN, Timothy, 1858- ?
||Ireland to Nepean
||wife= Ann KENNEDY
||to Half Moon Bay
||related to POWER family
|George T. BURKE of the 99th Regiment at Richmond
|BYERS , Hugh
||Tipperary ? to Black Rapids
||Ireland to Nepean in 1837 (first child born in Quebec)
||various spellings over time: BYRN, BURNES, BARNES
||England to Ottawa in 1911
||wife = Catherine LEAHY|
|James BYRNE, 1816-1892
||see Monahan Landing
||husband=Patrick MONAGHAN, Nepean
||Wexford, bur. Fallowfield
|CHRISTIAN, John, b. 1812
||1783 to 1860
||to Jockvale (Half Moon Bay)
||wife= Mary Anne TEEVENS, b. 1829
|COSTELLO, John H.
||wife= Margaret BURNETT, b. 1815
||John is son of Mathew
|COSTELLO, Thomas, c. 1823-?
||married (1) a McMASTER from Glengarry
||and (2) Maria FRAIN (SPAIN ?)
|COSTELLO, William 1807-1875
||wife= Margaret MURPHY, 1811-1874
||from Cork to Nepean
||also sp. DEAVY
||born in Sarsfield?
||born 1830, aka DERVIAN
||Long Island to Huntley
||1st wife=Rosaline D'AMOUR POTVIN
||also to Madawaska
||Fallowfield (Richmond Road) in 1879
||1st wife=Catherine QUINN
||2nd wife=Mary COUGHLAN
||Ottawa and Fallowfield
||married Bridget KENNEDY
||Later to North Dakota
|FERMOYLE, John 1825-1911
||married Margaret BERRIGAN in Nepean
||2 other brothers went to Boston, USA
|GLEESON, Martin (GLEASON)
||Tipperary, Kilmore, Silver Mines
||County Meath to Richmond
||Ireland to Nepean
||wife = Ann
|HAMMILL, Patrick, 1791-1875
||wife= Catherine MULDOON, 1796-1884
||Ellen Unknown (yet)
||other Hanrahans also
||his widow (Bridget BURNS, from Limerick) marr. John McGEE
||to Aylmer P.Q. and Osgoode
||Drowned at Chaudiere Falls in 1836
||son's name William
||related to HUGHES family
||Tipperary - HAYDON
||also Thomas in Farrellton
||Borrisokane, Tipperary to Nepean
|HOULAHAN, John c. 1808
||also sp. HOULIHAN
||from Tipperary in 1840
||sister Ann marr. Edward HAWLEY
|JUNKIN / JUNKINS, Dane
||to Nepean and Gatineau
||to South Nepean
||Cath. from Tipperary
||b. 1825 in UC
|KENNEDY, James Daniel
||Bytown to to North Gower
||wife=Mary COOK / COOKE
||Tipperary to Huntley
||ML# 427 ?
|KENNEDY, William 1806-1880 See The Kennedy
||Tipperary to Nepean
||1st wife=Isabella WATT
||2nd wife= Elizabeth CARROLL
||Ireland to Nepean in 1841
||wife=Mary DUNN 1788-1872
||b. Ireland c. 1840
||wife=Sophia, both died 1840, both over 100!!
||wife = Catherine STEVENSON
||b. Ireland, c. 1770
||99th Regiment of Foot
||later to Iowa
|McGUIRE, James 1813-1878
||wife Ann, 1803-1879
||Tipperary in 1850
||wife= Ellen MURPHY
||also sp. MALONEY sometimes?
||from County Leitrim
||marr. 1831. N.D.
||Black Rapids, ML# 263 ?
||wife=Catherine DOHANY (DOWNEY?)
||some descendants to Maniwaki area
|MULDOON, Patrick, 1797-1857
||from Terryglass to Fallowfield, ML# 499
||wife=Margaret BALLARD c.1792-1875
||M.L., Shared Lot at Bridlewood with William KENNEDY
||wife = Bridget BRADY
||To Smiths Falls
||and later to Iowa
|OAKLEY, James, 1800-1886
||wife=Mary MANION, 1817-1905
||wife=Honora O'MEARA 1778-1842
||ML# 70, see also The O'GRADY Bunch
||son Cornelius to B.C. Ranch
||possibly ML# 326
||see Denis TIERNEY
|O'NEIL, John 1809-1882
||bur. St. Phillip's
|REARDON, Patrick, 1824-1894
||alt. sp. RIORDAN
||wife=Sarah O'CONNOR, 1828-1913
||1825 PR to Asphodel & Nepean
|RYAN, William and Daniel
||North Gower to Kansas and Nebraska
||wives=DOWNEY and QUINN
|SHEA, Sgt. William
||of the 41st and 99th Regiment
||to Petersville, Iowa
|SPAIN, Margaret 1820-1894
||Father was Cornelius from Tipperary, daughters here, sons to
||married Thomas O'GRADY
||see John O'GRADY
||to Nepean and Goulbourn
||Cork, ML# 562
||marr. 1833, witness=John BURNS of Bytown
||from Limerick in 1825
||wife= Sarah Jane MILLER
||many Tierney's, not all from Tipperary
||a.k.a. "Gold Dust"
||later to Renfrew Co.
||wife= Ann MURRAY
||Fallowfield / Jockvale
||born 1807 in County Kilkenny
||Fallowfield / Jockvale area
|WATT, Arthur c.1819
||wife=Ann SPAIN, c. 1820
|WATTERS, Patrick, 1792-1841
||wife=Mary COLLIGAN, 1809-1897
Source: St. Patrick's Parish - Fallowfield, 125th Anniversary Booklet, 1866-1991 and
various tombstone inscriptions.
Many of the pioneers in the Ottawa region came from County Tipperary or County Cork.
And here is a list
of all parishes in Cork and Tipperary, along with the first year for which records are available.
Here is a map
of the Fallowfield/Jockvale/Black Rapids area of Nepean.
Taylor Kennedy has supplied an interesting story, pictures and a
more detailed map
showing the original schoolhouse at the corner of Jockvale Road and
Fallowfield Road and and also of St. Patrick's Church at Fallowfield.
Names of about 80 young adults confirmed in 1852 at St. Patrick's Church
St. Patrick's, Fallowfield Baptisms, 1851-1860
, compiled by Marilyn Cottrell.
Sue has transcribed the marriages performed at St. Patrick's, Fallowfield
between 1851 and 1875.
Sue has also transcribed the deaths recorded at St. Patrick's, Fallowfield
between 1851 and 1875,
and also the death records from St. Patrick's (downtown)
at the corner of Kent and
There are two St. Patrick's Churches in Ottawa. St. Patrick's at Fallowfield dates to
about the 1830's. St. Patrick's Basilica
on Kent Street in downtown Ottawa was
built around 1875 to serve the Irish population. In the early days it served the
population from the Rideau Canal in the east to Britannia
in the west.
Excerpt from an article dated August 26, 2000 in the Ottawa Citizen
(just prior to Nepean being merged with the City of Ottawa): "Nepean is renaming
some of its parks after early settlers in an attempt to preserve the city's
history before amalgamation. Bruce Elliott, author of The City Beyond:
A History of Nepean, Birthplace of Canada's Capital
, said the proposal
is a great idea. 'It's a way of seeing that some of the old names are
commemorated.' Mr. Elliott said that many of the families were Irish Catholics
from Tipperary. They began settling in Nepean in the 1820's.
City councillor Jan Harder said "the Irish families' roots are very, very
deep in this community".
The names of the new parks will be: Rooney Park, Clarke Fields, Houlahan
Park, Lytle Park, Burnett Park and Tierney Park.
The Nepean Museum
...Has well-organized, computerized Census data going back to 1842,
plus other resources.
...Ed Robertson's Nepean Page
The O'Grady's and O'Mearas
...two Fallowfield (Nepean) area families
Pioneers in Torbolton Township and Fitzroy Township:
Here are two excellent books, if you are researching the Torbolton and Fitzroy area:
1. Doris Grierson Hope has just had her book, Torbolton Township: Its Earliest History
, reprinted. You can contact the author by e-mail at:
2. Beyond Our Memory... a history of Fitzroy Township
, by the Fitzroy Township Historical Society, ISBN 0-9694250-0-7
Some early settlers in Fitzroy Township
Frank O'Hara has a web site of pioneers in Torbolton and March Townships.
His main surnames are O'HARA, NASH, CASEY, BRENNAN, EDGE, and HAWLEY
Joseph Gilmore Smyth and Catherine Burns
to Fitzroy, early 1800's
Death Registrations in Fitzroy Township
in 1900 and 1907
More Info on Fitzroy Township
Pioneers in Goulbourn Township, Huntley Township and also the Perth Area
County Cavan to Goulbourn Township .. The family of George ARGUE and Mary WILSON
to British North America
from Tipperary to Huntley Township.
Goulbourn Township Historical Society
... Located just outside Stittsville
Behan Teevens Brown Finner
... and some other deaths before 1900 at St. Michael's, Corkery
Marriages in Huntley, 1837-1900
... Groom, Bride, Date of Marriage
Births in Huntley, 1837-1900
Deaths in Huntley, 1837-1900
Take a virtual walking tour of the Town of Almonte
, formerly called Shipman's Mills.
The Auld Kirk Cemetery
near Almonte. Many of the Scottish pioneers who came in the 1820's
are buried in this cemetery.
At Bear Brook (Bearbrook) in the Russell / Cumberland area, you'll find
Trinity Anglican Church
and it's pioneer cemetery.
Pontiac County pioneers: folks born before 1800
and living in Clarendon, Litchfield, Bristol and
Chichester Townships in 1851. Visit the Pontiac County Heritage Web Page
Bonnie Hannifin is researching her ancestors, Alexander Wilson and Mary Thompson
, who settled in the Pontiac, before 1841.
Phil McGrath has sent in a list of landowners at Calumet Island
in the Pontiac in 1867.
The John KENNEDY / Julia DOOLAN
family were early settlers on Allumette Island.
The first Polish settlement (1859) in Canada was established at Wilno
Ottawa is chosen as the Capital of Canada
and the Great Fire (story transcribed by Taylor Kennedy)
Members of the Ottawa Fire Department
who died in the line of duty.
Some Early Marriages in Perth Ontario (St. John the Baptist Parish)
... Names transcribed
by Rita Meistrell.
The town of Carleton Place
, just west of Ottawa, was originally called Morphy's Falls
after Edmond Morphy who came from County Tipperary and settled there before 1820.
Franktown, in Beckwith Township
and mid-way between the military settlements at
Perth and Richmond, was a supply depot for the first settlers. Marlborough Township
the western part of Carleton County, was home to many Irish Pioneers who came from
Counties Wexford and Wicklow in Ireland.
North Gower Township
, Carleton County, was settled beginning in the 1820's and
here are some pioneers in South Gower Township
(Grenville County) in 1862.
Carol Bennett McCuaig is researching material for two new books:
(1) Beckwith Township Settlers Prior to 1842 and (2) Lanark County Settlers
from Carlow, Wexford and Kilkenny
. (September 1, 2006)
Bishop Alexander MacDonell
The Indian Hill Cemetery
Mary in Michigan is researching the surnames Sullivan, Coyne, Lefurgy and Finucane
the Upper Ottawa Valley.
Here are more early settlers in Ottawa and area:
The date, where given, is the date of marriage.
Alphabetic by Groom's surname
Tuberculosis in Ottawa, c. 1900
|ABBOTT, Francis Nenagh Castle, Tipperary
||to Canada, 1815
||from Castle Bar
||to Acton's Corners
||to Newboro area
| (1) Bridget MURPHY
|also spelled "McCARDELL" or "McARDLE"
||Bytown and Smiths Falls
||wife = Catherine Smith
||County Cavan to March Township
||probably ML# 356
||to North Gower in 1847
||also LEWIS and GRIMES
||to Huntley Township
||then to Eardley, Quebec
||surname changed from BRENNAN
||First known Irish immigrant
||contains good Quebec history
||brother of Peter AYLEN ??
||County Mayo, ML# 170
||also m. Alice FLYNN ?|
|Peter BARRETT (M.L)living at Long Island, brother of above, ML# 170
||another brother, Thomas, on ML# 170
||Helen BURNS / BYRNES, widow of J. BRENNAN
||Cork to Huntley to Onslow
|BEATTY / BEATTIE, Daniel
||wife = Jane SMITH
||ML# 296 363 375 626
|BELL, Jeremiah, b. 1808
||To Fitzroy Township
||wife = Frances ELLIOTT
||to Bruce County, c. 1850
||from County Meath
||Mary Ann COYNE
widower of Bridget FENNING
||connected to Huntley ?
||d/o Martin BURN from Wexford (M.L.) and Ann
|John,Mathew and Edward BOWES (above)
||were all sons of Thomas BOWES and Mary KELLEY
||have parents of brides
||were they the BOWES from Bowesville, site of Ottawa
||to Perth in 1820
||some at Huntley
||McCabe List # 419
||from County Antrim
|John BOYLE s/o James BOYLE and Mary McINTYRE
||d/o Michael CUSACK and Helen McDONOUGH
|John BOYLE s/o Dominick BOYLE and Catherine DONNER
||d/o Thomas McGRATH and Mary O'BRIEN
|Andrew BOYLE s/o James BOYLE and Mary McINTYRE
||d/o Michael RYAN and Helen PRESTLEY / PRESLEY
b. County Wicklow.
s/o John BOYLE and Mary BURNS
d/o John TOBIN and Mary MURPHY
|to U.S. in 1860's
||Anna Jane MURRAY
||B.B. lived at Templeton, Quebec
||at Grenville, Quebec
|John BROWN (Long Island) maybe from Leitrim
||Mary Ann COLLINS from Goulbourn
|John BROWN, Leitrim?
|BUCKLEY, James (Goulbourn)
||married N.D. Bytown
|BULGER, John, c. 1817
||Val des Monts
||Margaret BRIEN / O'BRIEN
||Lots more BURKEs
|Felix BURNS s/o John BURNS and Susan
||Mary RODGERS d/o Francis RODGERS and Mary McGUIRE
||Susan Frances BURNS, d/o Felix and Susan, married John
See also a Byrnes/Donnelly connection in
| BYRNES, John
||from County Wicklow
| BURNS, John
||from County Wicklow
||to Lansdowne Township in 1831
||wife= Margaret ARMSTRONG
| Burns, Lewis
||from County Wicklow
||to Buckingham and Cumberland
||wife= Mary Ann WALLACE
|BURNS, Thomas Gillespie
||wife= Elizabeth FENTON
||mentioned in Lett's book
b. abt. 1850
|family from Wexford
||store on Sparks St.
||see Osgoode Twp, above (yellow table)
||married in Ireland
||descendants to Pontiac, Quebec
|William BURNS (M.L.) - Kilkenny
||c. 1829. William may be brother of my GGGrandfather Lawrence BURNS,
and also of JAMES BURNS who married Elizabeth WALSH. See
Osgoode Township above.
||see son, next
|William James BURNS, son of above
||Mary Ann GUNN
||daughter of Patrick GUNN (M.L.) and Ann McGUIRE
|John BURNS (Nepean)
||witnesses Robt. BARRY and Ann BARRY (PR?)
|John BURNS / BYRNES
||possibly ML# 142
||from County Wicklow in 1827
|James BUTLER (Cork?)
||(Edward DAVY on M.L.)
|James BYRNE, s/o John BYRNE and Mary O'NEIL
||d/o Daniel O'BRIEN and Mary CARROLL
|BYRNE, Patrick c. 1830-?
|CAIN (KEANE), Patrick John
|to Quyon, Pontiac
||from County Tyrone
||Margaret BIRCH or BIRTCH from Tipperary
|some to Durham County
||Ireland to Perth
||also to Ottawa
|CARR, William, b.circa 1800
|CARROLL, Patrick, 1821-
|CARRUTHERS, Noble 1809-1883
||from County Fermanagh
||Mary Ann ARMSTRONG
|Goulbourn / Nepean
||c. 1790 - ?
||Margaret FARRELLY ?
||to Huntley area
|CLEAR / CLAIR
||Moses and Andrew
||Wexford or Carlow
|CLEARY, John 1805-1897
||to Fitzroy / Onslow
|CLOSE, John, 1796-1880
||Ireland, may be ML# 249
||to South Gower
|| married McDONALD sisters
||Mayo to March Twp.
||Wexford to March Twp.
||Ireland to Bytown 1830
||Ireland to Wakefield
|CORCORAN, Patrick John
||came to Ottawa area c. 1877
||married in Sillery, Quebec
||John from County Leitrim
||from London, England, 1837
||wife=Esther HALL or HULL
||son to Pembroke
||Dublin ML# 364
||County Meath ML# 438
||Bytown to Rigaud, Quebec
||from King's County (ML)
||Military settler at Richmond
||later to Cobourg
||wife=Mary Ann MALLOY
||m. 1853 in Golden Lake
||to Rapide des Joachims
||born Nova Scotia
||to Aylmer, Quebec
||ML# 495 ?
|DARCY, Abraham Hobson
||to Durham County
||From Wicklow in 1851
||Later to Wellington County
|DARCY, James 1791-?
||Osgoode Twp., Con. 3E
||from Lower Canada
||wife= Louise FLEURANT
||also to Pembroke
||Tipperary in 1832?
||wife= Catherine TIERNEY
|DEEGAN / DEIGHAN, Daniel James
||County Leitrim ML# 32
||wife=Mary MACNAMARA ?
||to Smiths Falls
||wife = Honor MAHON
||to Mt. St. Patrick
||Margaret was from Co. Cork
|DOYLE, Robert, from Waterford
||to Lanark then Nepean
||Eliz. SMITH, from Cavan
||to the Gatineau
||wife Mary STANLEY
|DUFFY, James, from Donegal
||wife=Mary Ann WOODBURN, from Derry
|DUGGAN, Patrick, from Fermanagh
||ML# 124,Lett's Book
||Ireland to Chelsea
||County Cork to Picanoc
||"King of the Gatineau"
||also John FOWLER
||To Fitzroy (Galetta area)
|ENGLISH, William, from Kilkenny,1802-1829
||wife=Catharine WALLACE, from Kilkenny
||on McCabe List
||to March Township, later to Hog's Back
||County Tyrone to Huntley (Carp)
||on McCabe List
||related to WYMAN family
||married Bridget BURNS
||Later to Iowa
||married Bridget DOYLE
||from County Wicklow
||to Ottawa, North Dakota and western Canada
||both from Armagh?
||Contractor on Canal, 1830
||Mayo to Bytown to Biddulph
||The Donnelly Album
||wife, Elizabeth from County Wicklow
||also BROWN, BRADLEY
||O'NEILL and WERRELL
||1st wife, married 1857
||Ireland to Huntley, c. 1825
||living at Richmond in 1831
||marr. 07-11-1831, Notre Dame
||Catherine Lydia BURKE, d/o Capt. George Thew BURKE
|FOWLER, Thomas (Holmes?)
||to Pontiac County
|GALVIN, Patrick 1816-?
||wife=Eliza CASSIDY 1815-?
||both fom County Westmeath
||to Carleton Place
||his wife was from County Wicklow
||(TRACY / TREACY)
||Mary Ann SPAIN
||from County Kildare ? c. 1840
|GORMAN, Richard 1822-1876
||wife=Mary Ann SHERWOOD 1829-1876
|Grace, John ML# 140
||wife Honora LEARY
||wife Julia REGAN, Tipperary
||related to John above?
||4 GRADY marriages before 1840
||Huntley and Ottawa
||to Huntley area
||wife Margaret MEANEY (sp?)
||related to McGUIRE
|O'HARE, Michael of Hog's Back
||Bridget QUIRK or QUICK
|HANRATTY, Peter 1791-1876
||wife = Mary
||County Armagh to Calumet Island
||s/o John HART and Julia DUNN
||Catherine BROPHY, d/o
Martin BROPHY and Catherine BERGIN
|HAWTHORN , Hans, b. 1813
||wife Sarah WARD, b. 1808
||to Carleton Place
|HAYES , Michael
|HEANEY , John R.
||wife Margaret McGONEGAL
||from County Donegal
||to Pembroke area
|HEARTY , Owen
||wife Ann McGEE
||to Calumet Island
|HENDRICK , Michael
||wife Margaret BALFE
|HENEY , John
||from Killeshandra, Cavan in 1843
||wife Mary Ann McMANUS
||wife(2)=Eleanor Hester KIRK
||HENRY / HENERY
||Bytown c. 1827
||Cumberland and Nepean
||Northern Ireland in 1823
||to Goulbourn Township
||also 1825 PR?
||HOWLETT, John / Patrick
||to New Edinburgh
|Osgoode, Con 3.
|HUTCHINGAME , Thomas
||wife Johanna FINN or FLYNN
|JACKSON , Johnathon, b. 1813
||wife Mary SHORE, b. 1811
|JOHNSTON , James
||wife Bridget McGEE
||ML# 290 ?
|James JOHNSTON, from Sligo
||same JJ as above?
|Thomas JORDAN, to Osgoode
||Templeshanbo, County Wexford
||to Vinton, Pontiac County
||wife = Catherine Mary HEARTY
||Ferns, County Wexford
||to Irish Lake
||wife = Jane HUNT
||to Vinton, Pontiac County
||wife = Jane McDONNELL
||wife = Mary MORRIS
||wife = Catherine BRADIN
||both born in Bytown, 1830's
||to Syracuse NY, USA, c. 1880
||wife = Sarah WHITE
||from Ireland c. 1842
||to Gatineau Valley
|KENNEDY, Patrick b. 1821
||1st wife=Julia FLANNERY
||to Springtown later
|Thomas KENNEY / KENNY
||Wexford, b. 1811
||to South March
||Sarah Jane CONNOR
|KITT / KITTS, Samuel
||Ireland to Goulbourn
||Ottawa Valley, Montreal
||also in Gracefield, Quebec
|LANG and PRENDERGAST
||Ireland to Pontiac County
|La PRISE, Larry
||wrote "The Hokey Pokey"
||aged 4 in 1911
||also Thomas BRENNAN and
||also sp. LEVI
||to Western Quebec, then to Kemptville area
||Margaret BYRNES / BURNS
||some to the West
|LEWIS, Henry G.
||b. Ireland 1772
||b. Donegal, c. 1800
||to Iowa and Maniwaki
||Johanna MANTIL / MANTLE
||see Robert LOWREY
||from County Waterford
||to Pontiac County
||to Bytown and Chelsea
||related to McMANUS
||to Luskville, Quebec
|MAGEE, David b. c. 1819
||wife=Martha Latimer, from Co. Cavan
||to North Gower / Kars
||wife=Elizabeth McCORMACK SULLIVAN
||to Huntley area
||Margaret CASEY (PR?)
||to Perth area
||wife=Mary WHITE ?
||Ireland to Kazabazua
||born in Ontario
|MASSIRE , Francis
||St. Michael's, Huntley
||MATTHEWS / MATHEWS, Peter
||also surname MILKS
|McARTHUR , Archibald
|McAULEY , Alexander
||worked on Canal
|John McCABE, of Onslow
||Johanna STACKPOLE, of Nepean
||from the Pontiac to Michigan (c. 1920?)
||boarding house in Detroit
||for Ottawa area Irish
||from the Ireland to Gatineau (c. 1850)
||to the Pontiac
||to Gatineau area
||b. Ireland, 1840
||Mary AnnBANFORTH / BAMFORD
||Mary was from England
||m. Ireland or Ottawa?
||to Ohio 1864
|Bernard McGEE from Huntley
||Helen MANTLE (PR)
|Herbert Wellington McGEE
|| Carp / Carleton Place
||wife=Willareta Gertrude CHAMBERLAIN
|| b. County Down, 1821
||to Calumet Island
|| Pontiac to Montcerf
|Edward McGILLVRAY Mayor of Bytown & Ottawa
||daughter married Joseph EDMONDE
||McGillvray Street in Ottawa South
|McGOEY John James
||to the Gatineau (Maniwaki?)
||came to Canada 1845-1850
||son of Peter McGRATH
||possibly to Renfrew
||to Calumet Island
|Patrick McGUIRE s/o Hugh McGUIRE and Rose
||Mary NASH d/o Patrick NASH and Mary BLANCHFIELD
||Bytown and Spruce Hedge
||to Renfrew County and Ottawa
||wife = Jennet
also sp. McKINLAY
|from County Antrim
||Plantagenet and Maniwaki
|McKNIGHT Patrick, b. 1840
||wife=Mary Anne LYNUM
|McLAREN James, b. c. 1815
||wife= Ellen EVOY
||in Hull by 1815
widow of George MULRONEY
||from County Down
||wife = Dorothea BEST
||To Lanark Township
||To Goulbourn and Vars
|MALEY / MEALEY, Patrick
||from County Tyrone
|wives=Bridget BOLGER and Bridget RONAN
|MERRICK and BURRITT families
||Merrickville and Burritt's Rapids
||other names are -->
||KEYS, MONTGOMERY, JOHNSON
||m. Ottawa? or Hull?
||lived in Hull in 1890's
|MILLER, George Palatine
||b. 1792, Limerick
||wife=Anne, b. 1795
||PR (1825), ML# 565
||to Curran, Ont.
||widow of a McGOVERN
||marr. Luskville, 1904
have parents, bur. Vis.
||to Allumette I.
|MORRISSEY, John c. 1811-1881
||Catherine (Katie) O'REILLY
|MULHOLLAND, James, 1787-?
||Bytown constable in 1851
||from Tipperary, c. 1827
||Julia RYAN Chelsea
|MURPHY, Mathew, John and Simon
||to Bytown and Aylmer
||wife(2)=Catherine Anne FINNER
||Lanark / Huntley area
||died in Scotland
||kin to Kars area
|NOLAN and DONNELLY
|NORTON, Robert 1774-?
||wife = Hannah, b. 1791
||Hull, Quebec (1806)
||to Marlborough Township
|O'CONNOR, Daniel d. 1858
||wife = Margaret POWER
|ODLEUM / ODLUM, James
||wife = Anastasia SHORTALL from Wexford
||Her 1st husband was John NOLAN
|O'MALLEY, Edward P.
||b. Ottawa 1847
||family from County Mayo
||to Ohio, USA
||to O'Neil Road, Goulbourn
|O'NEIL, John 1807-
||to Kars area
|O'NEILL, Michael John
||Montreal to Bytown
||100th Regiment of Foot
||from County Wicklow
|PEPIN familysome married to FERMOYLEs
||George Pepin, Sgt. in RCMP
|PERKINS, Hiram or Herman
||wife=Margaret BROWN or BROUSE
||ML# 234, from Sligo
||to North Gower
||possible ML# 234 and 235
||to North Gower
||Pennsylvania, USA to York
||County Louth, ML# 599
|POAPST (UEL), SMILEY and REID
||Bearbrook, Cumberland and Plantagenet
||to Pontiac County and Manitoba
||wife #2= Cynthia Ann HOWE / HOWIE
|to Marlborough Township
|PURDY, William and Robert
||William=Sarah Jane OAKES
||Ireland to Pakenham
||and Brudenell area
||also sp. REDDY, RODDY
||Ireland to Regan's Hill, Ottawa
||wife= Bridget CONNELLY
|Patrick RICE, Queen's County, ML# 125 ?
|RICHER, Albert Joseph
||mother = McKAY
||also sp. RITCHIE
|ROTHWELL / RATHWELL family
||Ireland to Ottawa and Smiths Falls
||ML# 408 ?
|RODGERS (Rogers), Peter, from Tyrone
||1802-1882 bur. N.D., may have been Talbot Settler in 1818
||Margaret SHARKEY from Tyrone
||1805-1883, bur. N.D.
||Huntley / Ramsay
|SHANE, Maurice 1760-1834
||married in County Wexford
||Ann BYRNES, 1769-1854
||bur. Curran, Ont.
|2 SHANNON sisters ?
||Mary , Eliz. at St. Phillips in Richmond
||husbands= Louis CAILLE / CAYER and Joseph ST. DENIS
||SHANAHAN ? see also the SHANNON family
||a one-name study
||Quebec, Ottawa, Renfrew area
||by Ellen Paul
||b. 1824, County Limerick
||Shirley's Bay, poss. ML# 255
|SINNOTT (Synott, etc.) , Patrick
||Mary HUGHES, from Gloucester
||marr. Mary BRENNAN in 1842
||Bridget SLAVEN, (widow)
||SLAVIN (see Lett's Bytown)
|SKILLEN , Francis
||Gatineau Valley, 1835
||County Down, ML# 161
||wife= Margaret NOLAN
||to Sheenboro, Quebec
||from Ireland, c. 1840
||wife=Jean HART or HOYT
|SNOW, John Allen
||marr. 1909 to
|STARRS, Michael, from TYRONE
||Alderman owned Bytown Inn
||sister married Charles GOULDEN
|ST. DENIS, Joseph
||Bridget's mother was Mary DELANEY
||to Kemptville and Marlborough
||later to USA
|STEWART , John, b. 1804
||wife = Marg't. ARMSTRONG STEDMAN
|ST. LOUIS, John Baptiste
||ML# 82 ?
||St. Louis Dam at Dow's Lake
|SULLIVAN, William John
||wife= Jane UNKNOWN, born France
||William John, from County Antrim
||wife= Catherine McGARRITY
||also to Bearbrook, see previous
|SWAIN , Joseph
||wife = Elizabeth
|TOMLINSON , Lewis Hollingsworth
||wife = Rosetta WOOD
|TRACEY / TRACY , William
||from Queen's County
||wife = Rachel DAY or DAGG, from Tipperary
||to March Township, c. 1830
|wife = Sarah VEAL
||2nd wife=Rose Ann CUNNINGHAM,(widow of James FARRELL)
||from England, worked in Court House (Lett)
|TYNDALL, Joseph and Jacob
||Jane Tyndall taught in Goulbourn
||later to Franktown
||son Henry married
||Marg. Theresa BARNES (BYRNES)
|WALSH, Michael, from Mayo?
||to Frontenac County
||wife = Mary FLANNERY
||wife = Euphemia GIBSON
||from Scotland in 1820
||Quebec to Pembroke
||wife = Mary BATES
|WHALEN, Patrick, from Cork
||to March Township (Kanata)
||Some early MURPHY s, at Arnprior
|WHELAN, Thomas Patrick
||26-02-1832, from Goulbourn
||Ashton area, PR?
|Fred WHITE s/o Michael WHITE (Clogheen, Tipperary, ML PR)and
||Julia MADDEN d/o Thomas MADDEN and Margaret SHANE
||see also John MADDEN and Elizabeth SHANE
||Johanna FORREST (also sp. FORRESTER)
||wife = Esther HUNT
|YOUNG, Robert James
||from the Pontiac to Manitoba
||Second wife=Ann MAJOR
||Borrisoleigh, County Tipperary
||wife = Mary GLEESON
||to Chelsea and Wisconsin
... TB was widespread in the 1890's and early 1900's
A few miscellaneous
Irish surnames which are being researched in the Ottawa area.
Margaret Gaulden is researching the surnames O'Doherty, Doherty, Curren or
Curran, Desjardins, Viau, Hand, Faulkner, Quail and Johnson. Click here
to her page.
Here are the lyrics, and the history of the song "Danny Boy", also known as the
"Londonderry Air": Danny Boy
...Internet newsgroup dealing with Irish Genealogy
Search this web site
The tombstone on the left, below, is from Glendalough Cemetery in County
Wicklow, Ireland, where many of our Byrne / Burns ancestors are buried. This "Celtic
Cross" type of headstone was used on the tombstones of the first couple of
generations of Irish Catholics after they settled in Canada. There are many
Celtic Crosses in the older parts of Our Lady of Visitation Cemetery (South
Gloucester), in St. Johns Cemetery in Enniskerry, Ontario, and in St. Michael's
Cemetery in Corkery. Other very old cemeteries in the area are at Kemptville
Quyon (St. Bridget's) in the Pontiac) and Mount St. Patrick in Renfrew County.
The tombstone on the right, below, is that of my Great-Grandparents, James
Burns and Annie Robb (b. Scotland).
Upon a grey old battered tombstone
In Glendalough beside the stream
Where the O'BYRNES and BYRNES are buried
He stretched his bones and fell in a dream
Of sun and moon that a good hour
Bellowed and pranced in the round tower.
Excerpt from "Under the Round Tower
" by William Butler Yeats
... Fawne Stratford-Devai's links to Historical Maps of Ontario
Counties and Districts. A really useful compilation!
The McCabe List, 1829 - and the Construction of the Rideau Canal
The McCabe List ... Here are the references to the
name "Burns" from the McCabe List ( a list of early Irish (1829) in and near
Bytown (Ottawa)). This is a very valuable resource containing almost 700
individuals. It is the first documentation of many individuals in Canada
and gives their county and parish of origin in Ireland.
Bruce Elliott has written a book called The McCabe List. It's available
from Global Genealogy Supply. There's a link to their website a little further
on in this page. The ISBN is 1-55075-048-8 .
The Rideau Canal ... The History of the Rideau Canal
The Steam Boat "Rideau" ... and it's first trip from Kingston to Bytown in 1832
The Illinois and Michigan Canal ...
was built beginning in 1836. Many of the workers from the Rideau Canal went
to Illinois. Here's an excerpt from the Illinois Web Page:
"The Irish began arriving in northern Illinois in large numbers in 1836,
to work on the I and M Canal. They continued to pour into the area during
the Great Potato Famine of 1845-7, during which time the population of Ireland
decreased by over two million people through death and emigration. After
1848 many Irish moved to the Bridgeport neighborhood of Chicago, where they
worked in meat-packing plants and brickyards. Other Irish spread throughout
northern Illinois, often becoming farmers in canal towns."
Some Irish fraternal and benevolent societies.
The Great Irish Famine, 1845-1849
Here is the definitive work on the Famine: The Great Hunger - Ireland,
, by Cecil Woodham-Smith, Penguin Books (Paperback, about
$20.00 Cdn. at Chapters
An example of sailing ships used to transport emigrants from the British Isles to
North America in the 1800s was the Perseverance
Packet Boats left Ireland for London, England after about 1850.
were transferred to large sailing ships in London for the voyage to North America.
Assisted Emigration from the Shirley Estate
in County Monaghan, 1846-1853
An excellent description of Workhouses
in Ireland. (by Peter Higginbotham)
It was no leisurely cruise on the Elizabeth and Sarah
, a coffin ship which came from County Mayo to Quebec in 1846.
A description of Children's Burial Sites
in County Mayo.
Grosse Isle Web Site
... Information on the Famine from a Canadian Immigration Perspective
Beginning in the 1850's, as a large second generation faced a shortage of available
land in the area close to Ottawa, some members of many of the families listed on
this page left for the U.S. - mainly to Iowa,Illinois,Michigan,Wisconsin,
North Dakota, Minnesota New York
Iowa's farmland was advertized in the Ottawa newspapers beginning about 1852. Many
farm families emigrated to Clinton County, Iowa. The lumbering industry of northern
Michigan and Wisconsin drew many folks from the Ottawa Valley. Farmers were also attracted
to North Dakota. Iowa was also a gateway to subsequent migration to Kansas and Nebraska
In the 1870's, people often went to Montana
Migration was a two-way road -- according to the 1881 Census of Carleton County, there were
648 persons who were born in the United States of America
but now were living in the Ottawa
There is a re-union of the Costello
and many other families who went to Petersville, Iowa.
The re-union is being held in Iowa on June 3, 2003.
In some cases, families (usually brothers) split up and some emigrated to Canada while other
family members went to Australia. Roderick Hawley
, born in 1796, came to Nepean Township
in 1834 while some of his relatives went to Australia
Members of the Fuller and Taylor
families from County Clare, Ireland, came to
Torbolton Township for a while then left for Australia and New Zealand.
Some other families were enticed to the Maniwaki / Gracefield / Kazabazua
area of Quebec.
The townships of North and South Plantagenet
are to the east of the City of Ottawa. The
village of Riceville
, on the Scotch River is located here.
Just to the east of the Plantagenet Townships are the Townships of West Hawkesbury and Caledonia
is a small village northeast of Buckingham
. Many of its pioneers came
from County Mayo in Ireland.
Lochaber Township, Quebec, is on the north shore of the Ottawa River, east of Masson.
It includes the town of Thurso. Around the year 1850, there are about a dozen families
from Lochaber recorded in the records of Notre Dame Cathedral in Bytown. Most
of the surnames are of French origin
but Michael McCormick
from County Tipperary
settled in Lochaber Township. In 1802, Scots came from Lochaber, Scotland to Glengarry
Township in Upper Canada and some of them may have settled on the Quebec side.
Cemetery Listings for Bois-Franc and the Old Gracefield Cemeteries
Cemetery Listing for St. James' Anglican Church
St. Jacques Le Majeur church records at Portage du Fort
Some names from St. John's in the Wilderness Cemetery
, (Church of England) in Aylwin, Quebec
and some from St. Andrew's Presbyterian Cemetery
, also in Aylwin, Quebec.
James Cleland has transcribed the names from the Northfield Cemetery
, south of Bouchette, Quebec.
Edie Lacharity Sage has recorded Holy Trinity Anglican Cemetery
at Danford, Quebec.
Garry McFadden has transcribed the index for Births, Marriages and Deaths at
St. Martin's RC Church
in Martindale, Quebec. He also
has transcribed, alphabetically, the names on the Martindale Pioneer Memorial
commemorates most of the original settlers who came to that area during the Great Irish
Catherine SULLIVAN, 1851 - 1927, my Great-Grandmother, daughter of
Nicholas O'SULLIVAN (1806-1862) from County Meath
and Mary McGEE (1823 - 1861), from County Armagh
(Catherine SULLIVAN married Thomas CHRISTOPHER Sr. of the Stage Coach
Road - Lot 4, Concession 4)
All family members of this generation are buried at Our Lady of Visitation,
South Gloucester (Formerly called St. Mary's)
My second cousin once removed, David Caron, has a web page on the CHRISTOPHERs.
His page is at: http://www.interlog.com/~chezjd/
John GEORGE BURNS, 1880-1952, and Catherine THERESA CHRISTOPHER
Photo taken in 1908 (My Grandparents).
Both buried at St. John's in Enniskerry, on the Stagecoach Road
A Burns Family Farm House, about 1930.
This was located on the Manotick Station Road in Osgoode Township (painted yellow).
Family History Web Pages
John Goth, England to Beckwith Township
Eastern Ontario Genealogy Information (the Meblee web site)
see also Surnames on the Meblee site
History of the Brennan Family of the Gatineaus
The Kenny Family of Gloucester and Cumberland
... John Kenny has a great database you can
download here (GEDCOM format)
The Houlahans of Nepean, Cockburn Family of Ottawa
Bernard and Mary Reynolds - Immigrants from County Leitrim
History of the Serson Family
Various Ottawa Valley Families
History of the Young Family of Nepean
A branch of the Burns Family in Limerick, Ireland
...Including pictures of the original homestead which
is still in the Burns family
Passenger Lists for St. Lawrence River Steamships, 1819-1836
Archives of Protestant Churches in Canada
British Home Children to Canada, 1869-1930
Ottawa Branch of the Ontario Genealogical Society
Ontario Wills, Probate and Land Records
... by Fawne Stratford-Devai
Rare Immigration Records released by Archives of Ontario
... by Fawne Stratford-Devai
Ontario Genealogy Sources
Province of Ontario Archives
Carleton County Query Forum
Cold North Wind's Digitized Newspapers
... Perth Courier
from 1834, etc.
Lanark County Genealogy Society
Lanark County Genweb Site
Leeds and Grenville Historical Society
, including Spencerville
Upper Ottawa Valley Genealogy Society Home Page - UOVGEN
Societe de Genealogie de L'Outaouais
Immigration to Canada in the 19th Century
Canadian Genealogy Centre
Archives of Ontario
1871 Census of Ontario data
Census of Canada records
The British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa
Canadian Geographical Names Data Base (CGNDB)
(see next for French version)
La base de données toponymiques du Canada (BDTC)
Canadian Illustrated News, 1869-1883